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Bad Salzungen City (Germany)

Stadt Bad Salzungen, Wartburgkreis, Thüringen

Last modified: 2021-04-17 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: bad salzungen | moehra | bishop | linden | lutheran rose |
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[Bad Salzungen city banner] 5:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider and Stefan Schwoon, 8 Apr 2021
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Bad Salzungen City

Bad Salzungen Banner

It is a blue-white-blue vertical triband with ratio of stripes 1:1:1. The coat of arms is shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 8 Apr 2021

Bad Salzungen Flag

[ flag] 3:5 image by Stefan Schwoon, 8 Apr 2021

It is a blue-white-blue horizontal triband with ratio of stripes 1:1:1 with centred coat of arms.
Source: Stefan Schwoon's database
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 8 Apr 2021

Bad Salzungen Coat of Arms

Shield Azure, a bishop dressed Or with mitre Or and shoes Gules, holding a crozier Or by his right hand and a book Gules covered by a cross Sable by his left hand.
Salzungen had been a dominion of the Counts of Henneberg, who sold it to the Abbey of Fulda. The abbots granted city rights in 1306. It became a possession of the Wettin kin in 1366 and was seat of the Ernestine branch of the kin since 1485, although half the city belonged to other sovereigns between 1407 and 1577, the Archbishops of Mainz, the Bishops of Würzburg and the Counts of Henneberg. It was acquired in 1640 by Sachsen-Eisenach, in 1645 by Sachsen-Gotha and finally in 1680 by Sachsen-Meiningen, to which it belonged until 1918.
The name giving salt (German: Salz) was produced for centuries. Since 1321 salt production had been under control of a privileged guild (German: Pfännerschaft), lead by two salt counts (German: Salzgrafen), which had been elected for one year. Since 1590 thorn houses were built as Salinas, increasing the production of salt. Since 1833 high quality natural brine was extracted by drilling. Since 1821 a bath house existed and Salzungen since then had been de facto a spa and was called officially Bad Salzungen at least since 1858.
The bishop in the arms is St. Boniface, who proselytised the area and founded the abbey in nearby Fulda and the bishoprics of Würzburg and Erfurt. The saint already appeared on the oldest city seal from 1329 and also on all later seals until 1949.
Between 1949 and 1991 the city used different arms, displaying on a blue shield a white bend sinister wavy, in dexter chief a golden three level fountain pouring white waters, and in sinister base two golden interlocked cogwheels. The bend sinister was representing the Werra River, the fountain the spa and the cogwheels industries.
Source: Blaschke et alii 1979, pp.393-394
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 8 Apr 2021

The current arms were re-adopted on 26 June 1991.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 8 Apr 2021

Möhra Borough

Möhra Banner

[Möhra borough banner] 5:2 image by Jörg Majewski, 9 Apr 2021

It was a white-blue vertical bicolour. The coat of arms was shifted to the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Apr 2021

Möhra Coat of Arms

Shield Or, an eradicated linden Azure, on its stem a Lutheran rose on a disc Or.
The village is well known as the birthplace of the church reformer Martin Luther. The linden isa representation of the former so called "Lutherlinde" in the village. The symbol in centre is a Lutheran rose, symbol of Luther's family and later of the Lutheran Church.
Source: Hartmut Ulle: "Neues Thüringer Wappenbuch", vol.3, Erfurt 1998
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Apr 2021

Banner and arms were approved on 7 October 1994.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 9 Apr 2021

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