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Uruguaiana, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-08-08 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | uruguaiana | triband: horizontal (red | white | blue) | coat of arms | rice |
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[Flag of Uruguaiana, 
RS (Brazil)] image by Ivan Sache, 8 August 2020

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The municipality of Uruguaiana (125,515 inhabitants in 2010; 571,578 ha) is located on the borders with Argentina and Uruguay, 650 km west of Porto Alegre. The town is connected to its Argentine counterpart, Pasos de los Libres, by the Getúlio Vargas / Agustín Justo international bridge spanning over river Uruguai / Uruguay.

Uruguaiana was established on 24 February 1843, as Capela do Uruguai, by a Decree signed by General Bento Gonçalves da Silva, President of the Riograndense Republic. The new settlement belonged to the municipality of Alegrete, which was the last part of Rio Grande do Sul controlled by the Ragamuffin insurgents. Accordingly, Uruguaiana is the only municipality to have been established by the secessionist republic.
The municipality of Uruguaiana was established by Law No. 58 proclaimed on 29 May 1846. Its limits were fixed by the President of the Province on 3 August 1846.

Ivan Sache, 8 August 2020


The flag of Uruguaiana is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 1,284 promulgated on 29 May 1975.

Article 1.
§1. The municipal flag shall feature the colors of the coat of arms, as prescribed by Municipal Law No. 811 promulgated on 18 August 1965, in this fundamental colors: red and blue, represented as gules and azure.
§2. Red shall be placed in the flag's upper part and blue in its lower part, in horizontal stripes, separated by a central white stripe, matching the colors of the coat of arms.
§3. On the central field, in the flag's center, the municipal coat of arms featured in its original colors (town's mural crown, quartered shield, scroll argent and two armed lions as supporters).
§4. As ornament of plant inspiration and a symbol of abundance, two rice panicles beneath the the scroll and whose crossed stems enter the blue stripe that ties the panicle's crown, golden yellow.
§5. At the junction of the two stems, on the blue stripe, symbolized by a stylized loop [...]
§7. The municipal flag is formed of a rectangle divided into three stripes as prescribed in §2 of this Article, in proportions 20 x 14 units, the upper red stripe of 4 units, the central white flag of 6 units, and the lower blue stripe of 4 units.
§8. The coat of arms placed in the flag's center shall be inscribed in an imaginary quadrilateral of 5 units on 4 units.
§10. The municipal heraldic emblem shall have on its left border a stripe of 1 unit in length and 14 units in width, in three colors, golden yellow surrounded by red
§12. The colors of the municipal emblem, taken from the coat of arms, are influenced by gems of the same color; ruby, diamond and sapphire. The red stripe recalls the bellicose and bloody period of the regional history in dozens of years of struggle to define the borders of the fatherland. The white stripe, bigger and central, charged with the coat of arms, highlights superior thoughts of peace, as a token of friendship between neighboring nations, the people's aspirations and the whiteness of its immense herds. The blue of the sky that reflects in the immense waters of river Uruguai, represented on the coat of arms by the third fess argent, completes the color's trilogy.
§13. The stripe defined in §10 of this Article [...] symbolizes the great Spanish influence on Uruguaiana's genealogy.
Municipal website

The coat of arms of Uruguaiana is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 811 promulgated on 18 August 1965.

Article 1.
A Portuguese quartered shield. In the first quarter, on a field azure two crossed lances or recalling the town's foundation during the Ragamuffin period; in the second quarter, on a field gules, the Uruguaiana Surrender Medal; in the third quarter, on a field gules, a broken chain argent, recalling the release of slaves in Uruguaiana four years before the proclamation of the Golden Law; in the fourth quarter, on a field azure, three fesses wavy argent representing river Uruguai, the town's namesake. A town's mural crown with four towers argent. As supporters, two lions argent armed and langued gules, representing the municipality's exceptional location, adjacent to two American countries. A scroll argent with the town's name azure and the date of its foundation - "24.2.1843".
Municipal website


Image from the website of the Municipal Chamber

A flag used in less official context has equal stripes and lacks the Spanish stripes along the hoist.

[Flag of Uruguaiana, 
RS (Brazil)] image by André Pires Godinho, 7 March 2003


Ivan Sache, 8 August 2020

Instituto Estadual de Educação Elisa Ferrari Valls

[Flag of Instituto Estadual de Educação Elisa Ferrari Valls, Uruguaiana, RS (Brazil)] image by Ivan Sache, 8 August 2020

The flag of IIEE Elisa Ferrari Valls is divided blue-red by a broad white ascending diagonal, charged in the center with the school's emblem.

Ivan Sache, 8 August 2020