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Pomak Nation (Bulgaria)

Last modified: 2012-01-06 by rob raeside
Keywords: pomak nation | tamrash pomak republic |
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About the Pomak Nation

There is a large minority nation in the Balkans which is mostly overlooked and neglected, even if they used to have an independent and recognized state of their own not so long ago. Minahan doesn't count them at all among many nations of One Europe. They number @ 500 000 - (150 000-200 in Bulgaria, 35 000 in Greece, some in Macedonia, and a large diaspora in Turkey -@ 300 000), speak dialects of Bulgarian and Turkish and maintain a strong and distinct identity. Their homeland is in the Rhodope Mountains. Bulgarians and Greeks consider them mostly converted to Islam Slavs. The Turks, on the other hand, like to believe they are descendants of ancient Cumans who accepted Islam from the early Muslim missionaries.

When the Bulgarian Principality was created in the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish war, the Congress of Berlin 1878 established, at British insistence, an autonomous, but largely independent province of Eastern Rumelia with the Christian governor who was, nominally only, appointed by the Ottoman Sultan. The Pomaks rebelled against the Bulgarian-dominated Eastern Rumelia and established, with the British help, an independent Pomak Republic of Tamrash which lasted until the military coup brought Eastern Rumelia into the Bulgarian State in 1886. The territory of the Republic was then reincorporated into the Ottoman Empire.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 24 June 2008

Red-green-black flag

[Pomak Nation] image by Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 6 October 2009

The Tamrash Pomak Republic used the flag of three horizontal bands of red-green-black.

This flag is still considered as a flag of the Pomak Nation to this day.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 24 June 2008

Variant flag

[Pomak Nation] image by Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 6 October 2009

One of the Turkish websites shows the flag in different arrangement: red-black-green.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 24 June 2008

Blue-red flag

[Pomak Nation] image by Chech Explorer, 3 December 2011

I have just published the flag of the Pomaks here:, based on information on the Encyclopedia of the Stateless nations:
Chech Explorer, 3 December 2011