Last modified: 2021-01-02 by bruce berry
Keywords: cabinda | flec-renovada |
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image by Ivan Sache, 17 Oct 1999
Frente de Libertação do Enclave de
Cabinda - FLEC (Liberation Front of the Enclave of Cabinda) was created in 1963
as a coalition of three movements - MLEC (Liberation Movement of the Enclave
of Cabinda), CAUNC (Action Committee of National Cabindese Union) and ALLIAMA
(National Alliance of the Mayombe). Mayombe is a mountain between Cabinda
and the Republic of the Congo).
Joan-Frances Blanc, 04 May 1998
There are a number of groups and splinter movements within
FLEC and it appears that by 1996
FLEC - Renovada and FLEC - FAC were the most
Jarig Bakker, 05 Apr 2001
The first flag was yellow with emblem and from its colours was derived
the Black-Yellow-Red flag. Flaggenmitteilung 42 reports a flag with three
horizontal stripes: top and bottom are WHITE, and the central one is divided
in three stripes of green, yellow and black. In the center of the flag
a red ring (occupying all central three stripes and 1/3 of each white one).
Jaume Ollé, 5 May 1998
The flag is illustrated in Franciae Vexilla #11/57, November 1997,
and attributed to "Renovated-FLEC".
Ivan Sache, 17 Oct 1999
According to my notes this flag shows thin white fimbriations between
the stripes and the ring (whose delta diameter
should be equal to the height of each smaller stripe) has a 90 deg. gap
pointing up (so the flag is vertically symmetrical).
Antonio Martins, 19 Oct 1999
The FLEC-Renovada flag has white, green, yellow, black and white stripes with a red circle
in the centre. The FLEC - FAC
flag is the red, yellow blue tricolour, but it is more difficult to assign the other posted flags
to Cabindan groups. For the time being it seems to me that there is not
one flag which represents the whole of Cabinda... but I may be completely
wrong here. It is difficult to differentiate between FLEC and FLEC,
where every Cabindan knows that the E in the first stands for "Enclave",
and in the second for "Estado"...
Jarig Bakker, 05 Apr 2001
On the RTP Portuguese TV channel
journalists went to the FLEC-controlled areas in Cabinda to interview the
independentists of the FLEC-Renovada group who had been involved in the
kidnapping of Portuguese citizens. The
flag which could be seen in the background was presumably the flag of the FLEC-Renovada
group which had white, green, yellow, black and white stripes in the proportions
close to 2:1:1:1:2 (the white stripes might be narrower than that...) and
with a red ring over all, open at the top. This time, there's no possible
doubt as the footage is contemporary, the group is FLEC-Renovada, the flag
is in use, and never reported before.
Jorge Candeias, 17 Mar 2001