Last modified: 2020-09-20 by ivan sache
Keywords: eyüp |
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Flag of Eyupsultan, horizontal and vertical version - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 1 December 2017
The municipality of Eyupsultan (377,650 inhabitants in 2016; 34,200 ha), located in the European part of İstanbul, was established in 1936, as Eyüp, as the merger of parts of the municipalities of Fatih, Sarıyer and Çatalca. The current name of the municipality was adopted on 19 October 2017.
Encompassing İstanbul's "Holy District", the municipality is named for its landmark, the Eyüp Sultan Mosque (The Express Tribune, 10 February 2016).
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 2 December 2017
The flag of Eyupsultan (photo), also used vertically (photo), is white with the municipality's emblem, which features a representation of the Eyüp Sultan Mosque complex. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The Eyüp Sultan Mosque was the first mosque built after Turks had seized
Constantinople. One of the first Muslims ever, Eyüp El Ensari, was
killed during the 668-669 siege of İstanbul by the Arabs. Mehmet the
Conqueror’s mentor, Akşemseddin, found what he thought to be Eyüp’s
tomb; Mehmet II built a large tomb, a mosque and soup kitchen here.
Later, in the surrounding area, many charitable foundations, monumental
tombs and cemeteries were built.
The present mosque was built on the side of the former building, which was destroyed by earthquake, by Selim III late in 18th century and is a good example of the Ottoman Baroque style. The courtyard of the mosque, with its trees and birds is very picturesque and attractive. The honey-colored stone mosque is covered by a large dome surrounded with four large and four small half domes. The interior is magnificent, with gold-leaf decorations, elegant chandeliers hanging from the dome, and turquoise carpet entirely covering the floor.
[Istanbul Provincial Directorate of Culture and Tourism]
The Eyüp Sultan Mosque played a significant role in the coronation of Ottoman sultans.
After the victory on April 16 referendum on a switch to an executive presidency, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan visited İstanbul’s popular Eyüp Sultan Mosque where he offered a prayer of gratitude similar to practice followed by Ottoman sultans after their coronation. As Turkish Minute reports, Erdoğan came to Eyüp Sultan Mosque at noon on Monday after visiting the mausoleum of Ottoman Sultan Yavuz Sultan Selim I accompanied by Parliament Speaker İsmail Kahraman.
According to Ottoman tradition, praying in Eyüp Sultan Mosque was part of rituals for the coronation of a sultan and the declaration of his sultanate. The sultan girded himself with a sword in the garden of the mosque and offered a prayer of gratitude there.
[Armedia, 18 April 2017]
The emblem also features a representation of the vertical tombstones of
the Eyüp cemetery, adjacent to the mosque.
One of the most oldest and largest Muslim cemeteries in İstanbul this burial ground is also the most historically rich as well. It holds the graves of Ottoman sultans, grand viziers, court members, religious authorities and commanders as well as poets, artists, and scientists. Sultan Mehmet V [1844-1918], Ahmet Haşim [1884-1933] a poet, Şeker Ahmet Paşa [1841-1907] a painter, soldier and government official, Hüseyin Hilmi Işık [1911-2001] an Islamic scholar and Necip Fazıl Kısakürek [1904-1983] a poet, novelist and philosopher. The burial site was popular during the Ottoman era because people wanted to be buried near Abu Ayyub al-Ansari.
On a hill right beside the Eyüp Cemetery this is a separate little burial ground which many don't know about. This detached cemetery is called the "Executioners Cemetery" where the executioners during the Ottoman Era are buried. They have their own burial site because they were not allowed to be buried in public cemeteries and they were laid to rest in only two graveyards in İstanbul and only secretly at night. Their headstones were left blank with out any name or date for the purpose of avoiding any retaliation of the families of the executed people.
[Daily Sabah, 29 January 2015]
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 2 December 2017
Former flag of Eyüp, horizontal and vertical version - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 1 December 2017
The former flag of Eyüp (photo, photo), also used vertically (photo), was similar to the flag of Eyupsultan, with appropriate writing.
Older flag of Eyüp, horizontal and vertical version - Images by Tomislav Šipek, 1 December 2017
An older flag of Eyüp (photo), also used vertically (photo), was white with a seal-like version of the emblem with blue background.
Older flag of Eyüp - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 1 December 2017
An even older flag of Eyüp (photo) was white with a seal-like version of the emblem, with green tombstones and surrounded by a white ring. "T.C." stands for "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti", "Republic of Turkey".
Logo flag of Eyüp - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 1 December 2017
Eyüp also used a vertical logo flag (photo, photo). The motto reads "Peace of Mind".
Tomislav Šipek & Jens Pattke, 1 December 2017
Flag of Eyüpspor - Image by Ivan Sache, 28 November 2016
Eyüpspor (Eyüp Spor Kulübü) was established in 1919 as Eyüp İdman Yuvası / Eyüp İdman Yurdu.
The flag of Eyüpspor (photo, photo, photo, photo) is lavender with the club's emblem in the center.
Ivan Sache, 28 November 2016