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Bolvadin (District Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2019-11-14 by ivan sache
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Flag of Bolvadin - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 14 April 2015


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Flag of Bolvadin

The flag of Bolvadin (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem, featuring a stymized poppy capsule. "Belediye Başkanlığı" means "Municipality Presidency".

Bolvadin is located in a main area of poppy growing.
Dried opium poppy fruits (capsules) are worked up to isolate morphine at the Opium Alkaloids Factory in Bolvadin. Morphine consists of 68-70% of total alkaloids in the fruitd. The remaining 30-32% of alkaloids are just wasted. The factory has the capacity to work up annually 20,000 t of poppy capsules. The factory consists of two main units. In the Alakaloid Extraction Unit only base morphine is produced. In the adjacent Derivatives Unit half of the morphine extracted is converted to morphine hydrochloride, morphine sulphate, ethylmorphine hydrochloride. These alkaloids are sold after pharmacopoeial compliance is achieved.
[K. Hüsnü Can Bser & N. Arslan. 2014. Opium poppy (Papaver somniferum). Pp. 305-330 in Z. Yaniv & N. Dudai (Eds.) Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of the Middle-East. Springer]

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 18 November 2017


Professional boards

Bolvadin Chamber of Commerce and Industry

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Flag of the Bolvadin Chamber of Commerce and Industry - Image by Ivan Sache, 2 September 2019

The flag of the Bolvadin Chamber of Commerce and Industry (photo, photo) is white with the organization's emblem.

Ivan Sache, 2 September 2019


Bolvadin Commodity Exchange

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Flag of the Bolvadin Commodity Exchange - Image by Ivan Sache, 18 November 2017

The flag of the Bolvadin Commodity Exchange (photo, photo) is white with the organization's logo.

Ivan Sache, 18 November 2017