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French Mandate of Greater Lebanon 1920-1943 (Lebanon)

Grand-Liban

Last modified: 2020-07-30 by ian macdonald
Keywords: lebanon | greater lebanon | grand-liban | historical | cedar | tree |
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[French Mandate of Greater Lebanon, green cedar]
image by N.J. and Eugene Ipavec, 11 May 2007


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Description

The French organized Syria into five states under the Mandate. One of them was the French Mandate of Greater Lebanon 1920-1932 (May 1920). Its flag was the French flag with a cedar centered on the white stripe. In June 1922 France established a loose federation between the four Syrian puppet states and Lebanon was considered a separate entity thereafter. Sources and Credits.
Grand Larousse Encyclopedique du XXe Siecle (1929) shows the version with green cedar.
Ivan Sache, 15 Jan 1999

The Constitution of Lebanon promulgated on 23rd May 1926 said, "Article 5: The Lebanese flag is blue, white, red with a cedar in the white part".
Pascal Vagnat, 22 Apr 1999

According to [Nehmé 1995, "Lebanese flag during the French Mandate: It was similar to the Blue, White and Red French Flag with a green Cedar in the middle, and was designed by the president of the Lebanese Nahda (renaissance) Movement, the late Naoum Mukarzel."
Santiago Dotor
, 26 Sep 2000


Variants

[French Mandate of Greater Lebanon, Black Cedar]
[French Mandate of Greater Lebanon, Green/Brown Cedar]
 
 
image by N.J. and Eugene Ipavec, 11 May 2007
image by N.J. and Eugene Ipavec, 11 May 2007
 
 

A fully black cedar was used on the French tricolour.
Željko Heimer, 12 Aug 1996

This variant appears in a flag chart in a 1941-odd edition of Embarque garçons – Livret scout-marin, Les scouts de France, Editions La Hutte, Paris, 1937.
Joan-Francés Blanc

[Flaggenbuch 1939 shows a new variant, with green "foliage" and brown "trunk" (as often but erroneously shown for the current Lebanese flag).
Ivan Sache, 15 Jan 1999

According to a photo taken in the Mandate era, all three variations are incorrect. The tree had another look and was mainly black.
Jaume Ollé, 17 Jan 1999

The design of the green cedar at the hoist of this Kataeb Party flag might be what Jaume refers to.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 11 May 1999