Last modified: 2017-09-29 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: cuba | gaviota |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors
image by Miles Li, 21 June 2014
The burgee of the (pre-Castro era) Automovil y Aero Club de Cuba.
Miles Li, 21 June 2014
The CTC (Central de Trabajadores de Cuba, Cuba Workers Central) gathers
several labor unions regarding each economic sector, such as the Sindicato
Nacional de Trabajadores de las Comunicaciones, la Informática y la Electrónica
(National Union of Communications, Information and Electronics Workers), the
SNTA (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Azucareros, (National Union of Sugar
Cane Workers) or the SNTC (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de las Ciencias,
National Union of Scientists) (official
website), 19 in total (as of 2006, according to
It was established in 1961 as CNOC (Confederación Nacional Obrera de Cuba, National Labor Confederation of Cuba), after the Cuban Revolution, but it has its roots as early as 1933."
Sources: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_de_Trabajadores_de_Cuba and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workers%27_Central_Union_of_Cuba
The CTC awards the "Vanguardia Nacional" (National Vanguard) flag meeting several criteria, and it applies to economy sectors such as a small productive unit, called UBPC (Unidad Básica de Producción Cooperativa, Cooperative Basic Production Unit) as well as government oriented services, such as meteorological associations and even collective productive entrepreneur oriented associations, called UEB (Unidad Empresarial Base, Basic Entrepreneur Unit). (Bear in mind that Cuba does not have a market economy, there is no private property, so ther are no companies as the basic productive unit, but rather communal associations called cooperatives).
Once the flag is awarded, to an individual or to a "colectivo" (collective) (an informal term to denote an association), the person and or organization that receives the award acquires the condition of "Vanguardia", since it is an award that grants a status and is given annually. Hence, it is not ratified nor it is lost.
The flag is a red horizontal flag with the word "Colectivo" (Collective) on top, in the middle featuring a logo which is the bust of Jesús Menendez a sugar cane labor union member, and on the bottom it reads "Vanguardia Nacional" (National Vanguard) as seen here.
The "Vanguardia Nacional" flag had already been reported barely explained and labelled as "Other Communist Flags".
The CTC flag consists of the logo on a red horizontal flag, as seen here.
The CTC flag itself is also used as an award intended for the same scope of organizations as the "Vanguardia Nacional" flag award.
The CTC also has Congress flags, regarding their meetings, like the ( XVIIth Congress - flag on the top), XIXth Congress and the XXth Congress flag which features the XXth Congress logo on a
red horizontal flag. The Congress is held every five years.
For additional information go to CTC (official websites, but currently down)
http://www.cubasindical.cubaweb.cu/ (accessible through https://web.archive.org/web/*/http://www.cubasindical.cubaweb.cu/ )
Esteban Rivera, 21 October 2015
image by Zoltan Horvath, 23 March 2014
We were in Cuba, for our annual week away from winter and just to maintain
the tradition, here are the flags flying outside of the Melia Cayo Santa Maria,
Cuba. The third flag is for Gaviota (the direct translation is "seagull"), my
understanding is that they are the main "owners" of most Cuban hotel properties
and most of Cuban tourism. In Cuba the hotels are only managed by foreign
chains, all properties are owned by the Cuban government, which (as I understand
it) were once or may still be, under the control of the Cuban Air Force. Most of
the coaches carrying tourists are labeled Gaviota (for tours) or TransGaviota
(for transferring tourists to and from the airport, etc.). Here is a website
which shows the full logo.
Crawford Van Horne, 23 March 2014
The other flags were national flags of South American and European countries.
Rob Raeside, 23 March 2014