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Palhoça, Santa Catarina (Brazil)

Last modified: 2021-12-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: santa catarina | palhoça |
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[Flag of Palhoça,
SC (Brazil)] image by Ivan Sache, 5 November 2021  

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The municipality of Palhoça (175,272 inhabitants in 2020, therefore Santa Catarina's 10th most populated municipality; 39,513 ha) is located 20 km south-west of Florianópolis. The municipality is composed of the districts of Palhoça (seat) and Enseada de Brito.

Palhoça was established on 31 July 1793 by Caetano Silveira de Matos, who was commissioned by Governor João Alberto de Miranda Ribeiro to build huts ("palhoças") to store flour on the road to Lages.
The municipality of Palhoças was established on 24 April 1894, separating from São José, and inaugurated on 23 May 1894, and elevated the seat of a county on 10 January 1905.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 5 November 2021

Description of the Flag

The flag of Palhoça are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 7 promulgated on 6 April 1973.

Article 2.
The flag shall be rectangular with green, red and white colors, in dimensions 128 cm, charged in the center in horizontal dimension with the coat of arms prescribed by Law No. 6 promulgated on 6 April 1973.

Article 3.
It shall be quartered by lozenges [triangles] running from the corners to the shield. The right lozenge shall be green and the left red, which are the basic colors of the flag of Santa Catarina state, forming two wings representing the growth of Palhoça associated with the development of the state. The lozenges placed above and beneath the coat of arms are white, synthesizing people's friendship and purity, as well as prosperity and work that make their greatness. In the center, the coat of arms represents the municipal government and symbolizes the town as seat of the municipality.
Leis Municipais database

The coat of arms of Palhoça is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 6 promulgated on 6 April 1973.

Article 1.
The coat of arms of the municipality of Palhoça was designed by Dr. Juarez Nahas, Public Prosecutor.
I - It consists in a classical Portuguese shield, symbolizing the primitive ethnical filiation, surmounted by an ochre mason tower, representing administrative unity and security offered by the municipal government, with its traditional clock indicating the beginning of work hours.
II - The shield is divided into four quarters, red and gray in the upper part, light blue and blue in the lower part, divided by a cross with a yellow vertical arm and a green horizontal arm, recalling people's Christian faith associated with patriotism, as the basic colors of the national flag, inscribed in the vertical part with the motto "ESTUDO + TRABALHO = PROGRESSO" (Study + Work = Progress), which means that study and fruitful work can generate development, progress, and community's increase.
III - The first quarter, on the right, represents industry in quick development, especially ceramic and construction materials, on a red background.
IV - The second quarter, on the left, represents basic activities in a rural zone, with colonist's typical and original tools surmounted by main crops, which are tomatoes, potatoes, and maize proper, on a gray background.
V - The third quarter, on the right, represents industry without chimneys, that is, tourism, which thrives day after day with the exploration of beautiful beaches in various places of the Palhoça seashore. The sea is blue and the beaches orange.
VI - The fourth quarter, on the left, is a tribute to liberty. A white bird with spread wings is freely flying in a blue sky, holding a book in the beak, which symbolizes liberty as a responsibility obtained by study and culture that saves man from slavery and analphabetism [...] It represents also the democratic spirit of people who cherish liberty. "The state, as an organized social force, realizes itself as the warrant of everyone's liberty. There is no law without liberty nor is there liberty without law, because law is liberty's proper realization; human liberty relies on peace, concord, security, order, justice certainty, that is, in the full accomplishment of law." The bird is white on a blue background, so is the book, with black letters "a", "b", and "c".
VII - On a red scroll (the color of dedication and enthusiasm for the homeland), the name of the municipality and years "1894" and "1906" in black; the first year, for the foundation, the second, for the creation of the county.
Leis Municipais database

Ivan Sache, 5 November 2021

[Flag of Palhoça,
SC (Brazil)] image by Ivan Sache, 5 November 2021  

The description of the flag "the right lozenge shall be green and the left red" appears to be submitted to interpretation - usually right, or heraldic right, that is, usual left, since the flag is seen in official use either with the green or the red triangle at hoist (saying "at hoist" instead of "right / left" would have made the description unambiguous).


Green at hoist

Red at hoistâmara-municipal-de-vereadores-de-palhoça/4dae24ce0cb65a8b0d156e90?openPhotoId=52a8abb011d222093c4c8fca

Ivan Sache, 5 November 2021