Last modified: 2021-12-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: santa catarina | descanso |
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image by Dirk Schönberger, 5 June 2012
The municipality of Descanso (8,638 inhabitants in 2010; 28,557 ha) is
located 700 km west of Florianópolis.
Descanso was first settled on 2 February 1935 by the families of Antonio Ciechanowski, José Wronski, José Pietroski and Thomas Graboski, coming from Casaca, Rio Grande do Sul, The colony was named to Linha Polonesa (Polish Line) after the settlers' ethnic origin. The plots were sold to colonists by the timber company Empresa Madeireira de Chapecó - Peperi.
The place was susbsequently renamed to Descanso (Rest), recalling that the Prestes Column stayed here in 1925 for a long period of rest on the banks of river Macaco Branco.
The municipality of Descanso was established by State Law No. 254 promulgated on 12 September 1956, separating from Mondaí, and inaugurated on 16 December 1956.
Ivan Sache, 3 November 2021
A green flag with a red saltire bordered yellow, and the municipal arms in a yellow rectangle in the centre.
Official website at
Dirk Schönberger, 5 June 2012
The flag and arms of Descanso are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 2
promulgated on 14 February 1973.
The municipal flag of Descanso, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antonio Peixoto de Faria, shall be quartered in saltire, the green quarters constituted by yellow stripes superimposed with red stripes, placed two by two in bend and bend sinister and starting from the angles of a central white rectangle charged with the municipal coat of arms.
§1. In compliance with the tradition of Portuguese heraldry, and their inherited canons and rules, municipal flags have to be divided in eight, six, four or three parts, featuring the same colors as the field of the coat of arms and in the center or at hoist a geometrical figure inscribing the municipal coat of arms.
§2. The municipal flag of Descanso obeys this general rule, being quartered in saltire, thzat is, constituted by stripes that connect the flag's cantons and cross each other in the center [...]
§3. The coat of arms applied on the flag represents the municipal government while the yellow rectangle inscribing it represents the town proper as the municipal seat. Yellow is a symbol of glory, splendor, greatness and knowledge. The yellow stripes charged with red stripes that start from the rectangle's corner and quarter the flag represent the spread of municipal power all over the territory. Red is a symbol of dedication, patriotic love, audacity, intrepidity, courage and valiance. The green quarters represent the rural estates scattered over the municipal territory. Green is a symbol of honor, civility, courtesy, glee, abundance and hope; hope is green since greening fields in spring promise profuse harvests
In compliance with heraldic rules, the municipal flag shall have the official dimensions prescribed for the national flag, 14 units in width on 20 units in length.
The coat of arms of Descanso, designed by the heraldist Arcinoé Antonio Peixoto de Faria,is described as follows in proper heraldic language:
A Samnite shield surmounted by a six-towered mural crown argent. Argent a panoply composed of fasces of rifles sable ensigned with national flags with a resting net ["rede de descanso"] gules connecting their staffs in chief crossed swords sable superimposed to a kepe azure in base a drum azure outlined or.
The shield supported dexter by a maize plant and sinister by a wheat plant all proper tied behind a scroll gules containing in letters argent "DESCANSO" surrounded by the date "16/12/1956".
The coat of arms has the following symbolic interpretation:
a) The Samnit shield, used to represent the arms of Descanso, was the first style of shield introduced to Portugal by French influence, inherited by the Brazilian heraldry to evoke the colonizing race and main builder of the nation;
b) The mural crown surmounting the shield is the universal symbol of domains' coats of arms; argent (silver) with six towers, four visible in perspective view, it classifies the town as of third rank or municipal seat.
c) Argent (silver) is a symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity and religious feeling.
d) The panoply evokes the historical rationale for the town's foundation, explaining the toponym [Portuguese, "rest"], as a military camp set up by the famous Prestes Column, which established it in 1925 for a long rest period.
e) Vert (green) is a symbol of honor, civility, courtesy, glee, and abundance; sable (black) is a symbol of austerity, prudence, moderation, and firmness; azure (blue) is a symbol of justice, nobleness, perseverance, zeal and loyalty; or (yellow) is a symbol of glory, splendor, greatness and wealth; and gules (red) is a symbol of dedication, patriotic love, audacity, intrepidity, courage and valiance.
f) The outer ornaments, maize and wheat, represent the main products of the generous and fertile soil.
i) On a scroll gules (red), in letters argent (silver) "DESCANSO" surrounded by the date of its political emancipation, "16/12/1956".
Ivan Sache, 3 November 2021