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State of Jefferson (U.S.)

Last modified: 2023-10-21 by rick wyatt
Keywords: united states | state of jefferson | jefferson | california | oregon | republic of the pacific | double cross |
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[Flag of the State of Jefferson] image by Clay Moss, 27 August 2014

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Flag Bulletin 150 [vol. xxxiii:1; Jan/Feb 1993] had an article on the flag of The State of Jefferson [pp. 22-30]. Apparently, the locals thought they were "double-crossed" by the state authorities (I think it was to do with highways not being built in their area), hence the two saltires in their symbol. They first declared their "statehood" in November or early December 1941. After Pearl Harbor, they decided there were other things to worry about and that they had made their point with their protests.

Traveling through the area in 1999, I saw several signs and bumper stickers proclaiming "State of Jefferson." Their website includes their flag, with the typical Gold Seal on Blue Bedsheet, and the history of their "secession".
Dean McGee, 9 October 2002

The "Republic of Jefferson" was an American state that existed for about 10 months in 1941. Essentially, northern counties in California, and southern counties in Oregon felt betrayed and abandoned by their respective state governments, so they seceded from their states, but not the union, and formed their own state, which they called "The Republic of Jefferson."

This kind of thing has been tried before (The State of Franklin, from 1783-1787 springs to mind) and it's expressly forbidden by the constitution unless all states which are a party to it, and congress agree to allow the subdivision, in which case it's ok. California and Oregon were opposed to it, but were dumbfounded, and congress flatly refused to get involved. It was the biggest story of 1941... until the 1st week of December, of course.

WWII killed the "Jefferson" movement (It seemed pitiful and disloyal, in retrospect), but the fact remains that for nearly a year, the region was completely self-governed with no input from outside.
Randy Schanze, 13 February 2003

An earlier attempt, in the late 1850s prior to the American Civil War, was made to split California into two sections. The Southern part, filled with pro-South residents due to migration patterns before the war, were to become the Republic of the Pacific.

This even made it to Congress, where the decision was voted down. With the coming of the Civil War, pro-South groups in Southern California were hoisting the "bear" flag, which had dated to the 1840's. I would suspect that had the Republic of the Pacific come to pass that the bear flag might well have been its banner.
Greg Biggs, 26 March 2003

Flags of Jefferson

I add that the state of Jefferson, during its brief existence, never got around to a flag. They did adopt a "seal". Actually the "seal" was more of an artifact, being an actual miner's pan, painted gold, with the double cross on the bottom, and the legend - "THE GREAT SEAL - STATE of JEFFERSON", painted around the upraised rim. It still survives.

The flag was researched and produced by the, now defunct, Dettra Flag company, based on actual photographs of the miner's pan., and predates the other one by at least a decade. Here the attempt was to reproduce the pan as accurately as possible.

Dean Dierschow, 30 July 2003

[State of Jefferson Miner's Pan] A photo of the actual pan, from Google's cache (original website down)
submitted by António Martins-Tuválkin, 4 May 2010

The 458th entry of the well known blog on unusual geography Strange Maps shows a propaganda map of the proposed state, and also a photo of a flag, apparently a recent replica but not unlike either of the two above: Dark green background with golden yellow seal lined in black.

A photo shows the accurate depiction of the pan, with ideosyncratic typeface, and under- and over-scored "of" in the state name, but on a dark green background.

At, a better detailed image, used to make:
[State of Jefferson flag] image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 May 2010

Also and of course What seems to be the original design of the flag and its current use online:,

And what could be read in the choice of yellow disc on green, uniquely matching the Washington State flag for the flag of a proposed state that would carve territory from its two southern neighbours?
António Martins-Tuválkin, 5 May 2010

The proposed seal for the State of Jefferson (is) "painted on the back of a gold miner's pan (and it is currently) part of the collection of the Siskiyou County Museum" (, as seen here:

For additional information on this topic please refer to SOJ (State of Jefferson) 51 (State) (official website):
Esteban Rivera, 31 December 2020