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Communist Refoundation Party, Italy

Partito della Rifondazione Comunista

Last modified: 2021-08-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: partito della rifondazione comunista | communist refoundation party |
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image by M. Schmöger, 3 May 2013
flag with 2006 logo

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Partito della Rifondazione Comunista (Communist Refoundation Party) uses a new logo The present version of the logo came into use in November 2007, when it first appeared on the party's posters, leaflets, etc., but some further time may have elapsed before the flag was released.
Compared to the previous pattern, in use since 2004, the following differences can be told:
- the Communist flag is slightly shorter, and so is its staff;
- the word RIFONDAZIONE runs above the flag and the words PARTITO COMUNISTA runs below (in the old logo such positions were reversed);
- the word RIFONDAZIONE is spelt in larger letters than PARTITO COMUNISTA (whereas in the previous logo all lettering was equal in size);
- the coloured stripes (green on the left, red on the right) that fill the blank space on both sides of the flag, are tapered, so to match the size of the letters on either end;
- a black outline no longer marks the boundary between the white part of the logo and the red crescent on the left that reads SINISTRA EUROPEA. However, the black outline that encircles the whole logo has been maintained.
Andrea Pollett, 27 April 2009

The version of the flag shown above has been in use since 2006, the logo was first used only as electoral symbol (in 2006), and became the official party symbol in 2008. As the PRC is now part of the Federazione della Sinistra (FdS), the FdS flag is used much more frequently than the PRC flag.

[1] flag no. 37 in Italian political flags collection Schmöger, received 8 May 2006 from PRC Firenze

M. Schmöger, 3 May 2013

2004 Logo and flag

  images by M. Schmöger, 29 June 2002, 8 June 2004

The new version of Italy's Partito della Rifondazione Comunista  (Communist Refoundation Party), whose latest design has a red crescent added to the left side of the previous logo, saying SINISTRA EUROPEA (European left wing) in white capital letters.  The standard size of the flag is 140 x 100 cm.
Andrea Pollett, 3 June 2004

According to the "gadgets" shop of Rifondazione at, the old flag is still in existence, the new symbol (and flag) seem to be additional variants, presumably mainly for the European elections. See the photos of the "crescent" flag at and
M. Schmöger, 8 June 2004

Earlier Flag

image by M. Schmöger, 2 August 2002

At the 1st May demonstrations in Munich there are also always political parties and groups from foreign countries including Italy.
Flag of RC (Rifondazione Comunista = Communist Refoundation) - The more radical fraction of the former PCI split off from the PDS to found the RC. The party sometimes supported left-coalition governments, but the cooperation was always difficult. Two groups left the RC consecutively, as they wanted a better cooperation with the government: First (in 1996?) the Comunisti Unitari (Unitarian Communists), that joined DS in 1998; second (1998) the PdCI (Partito dei Comunisti Italiani = Party of Italian Communists), that is still an independent party in the L'Ulivo coalition. The symbol of the RC is a white circle with a red flag with yellow hammer&sickle in the center; at the top the black inscription "PARTITO COMUNISTA", at the bottom "RIFONDAZIONE"; on the left a green, on the right a red panel. The flag is red with the symbol in the center.
- own observations at the 1st May 2001 and 2002 demos in Munich
- website of RC at
M. Schmöger, 29 June 2002

Due to the divisions of the communist in Italy, the flag have suffered numerous changes and this one is no longer in use.
M.V. Blanes, 27 September 2000

The minor fraction of the old Communist Party (Partito dei Comunisti Italiani) split off from the PDS (Democratic Party of the Left - Partito Democratico della Sinistra) and founded a new communist party, the RC (Rifondazione Comunista = Communist Refoundation Party). The first logo showed (on a white circle) a red flag with yellow star, yellow hammer & sickle; at the top in a semi-circle the inscription "PARTITO COMUNISTA", at the bottom a semi-circle in the national colours. The flags showed this logo (in different sizes) in the center of a red field. Although obsolete, these flags have been in widespread use even in 2001.
M. Schmöger, 2 August 2002

For other flags used by this party, see PdCI