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Italian Social Movement, Italy

Movimento Sociale Italiano

Last modified: 2021-08-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: italian social movement | movimento sociale italiano |
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image by António Martins, 9 January 2000

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Movimento Sociale Italiano, Mussolini nostalgists; I'm not sure if this party is still active : Tricolor flame burning from a basis with "MSI" lettering on the central panel of the national flag. Based on Paal Ekran's anti-nazi website (no longer available). Almost identical design as France's Front National.
António Martins, 9 January 2000

If I am correct, the MSI was relooked to form G. Fini's "Allianza Nazionale" (claiming to be non-fascist and modern) after the death of its historical leader, a former minister of the Duce. I seem to remember that A.N. still uses the flame in its logo.
Ivan Sache, 10 January 2000

The referred to "historical leader" was (as far as I know) Giorgio Almirante. I had no idea of his being a minister in the Fascist government, however.
Santiago Dotor, 11 January 2000

Almirante (1914-1988) started his career in 1932 as journalist in the anti-Semitic newspaper "Tevere". He was appointed Chief of Cabinet of the Minister of Culture in 1944 (during the Italian Social Republic). He founded the MSI, clearly inspired by the fascist ideology, in 1944 and ruled it until 1950. He was then replaced by Michelini who tried to move the party towards the Christian Democracy and the Monarchists. Almirante then ruled the most radical wing of the party and was involved in violent actions such as the assault of the University of Roma in 1968. When Michelini died in 1969, Almirante was called back as secretary of the MSI. He tried to present himself as the protector of order and freedom against communism and extreme-right. The fascist symbols were removed in 1970. In 1973, the MSI merged with parts of the Monarchists and changes his name to MSI - National Right. In the same time, Almirante motivated by his verbal aggressiveness small terrorist groups like Ordine Nuovo, Avanguardia Nazionale, Squadre d'Azione Mussolini, but his direct responsibility in terrorist actions was never proved. Ordine Nuovo and his leader P. Rauti rallied the MSI - NR in 1969, but the moderates left in 1976. In the Congress of Sorrente (December 1987), Almirante resigned but won against Rauti, and G. Fini was elected.
Source: Obituary in Encyclopaedia Universalis (Universalia 1989).
Therefore, as I said in my previous message, Fini's Allianze Nazionale was built over the rests of the MSI.
Ivan Sache, 11 January 2000

I worked for two years as international secretary in a French political structure. Even though this structure was not linked with the Italian MSI, here is some information:
António Martins was right when he says that Italian-MSI flame was similar to the French-FN one. Some French books about the extreme-right party explained that G. Almirante gave to Jean-Marie Le Pen, MEP and founder of the FN, a sort of copyright to use its tricolour flame in blue-white-red, when Le Pen created the FN,  in 1972.
Jerome Sterkers, 14 November 2001

Then the relationships between both parties, or rather between both leaders, turned sour. MSI refused to admit FN in its supra-national group in European Parliament, and I seem to remember that Almirante explicitly forbade Le Pen to take part to his funeral.
Ivan Sache, 14 November 2001

The MSI has renamed itself into AN (National Alliance - Alleanza Nazionale).
M. Schmöger, 1 August 2002