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Red Brigades, Italy

Brigate Rosse

Last modified: 2021-08-24 by rob raeside
Keywords: red brigades | brigate rosse |
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image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 19 June 2004
based on

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1970—present (relatively inactive since 1980s) -

A chronology chart at Insight on the group from (no longer available):  
"Red Brigades
Mothertongue Name: Brigate Rosse (BR).
Aliases: Armed Communist Combatants, Italian Red Brigade, Red Regiments.
Base of Operation: Italy.
Founding Philosophy: The Red Brigades were founded on rigidly Marxist-Leninist principles. This radical leftist group advocated violence in the pursuit of class warfare. Concentrated in Italy, the Red Brigades targeted businessmen and politicians and were a notable terrorist threat in Italy during the 1970s and early 1980s. Due to developments during its existence, the Red Brigades took on some qualities of anarchist groups while still propagating its especially virulent and violent Communist philosophy. In the end, the Red Brigades' increasingly brutal attacks eroded the support of those sympathetic with the group's Communist ideals.
Current Goals: In April 1984, four of the Red Brigades' key leaders wrote a communique from their jail cells. In the open letter, the leaders proclaimed further armed combat as futile. The Red Brigades essentially ceased to exist with this letter. In their words, "The international conditions that made this struggle possible no longer exist." (Xavier Raufer, "The Red Brigades: Farewell to Arms," Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 1993, Vol.16)
However, the legacy of the Red Brigades continues to this day. Following the release of this letter, two splinter groups broke off from the Red Brigades: the New Red Brigades/Communist Combatant Party (BR/PCC) and the Red Brigades/Union of Combatant Communists (BR/UCC). The BR/PCC specifically has chosen to continue in the ideological and violent path of the Red Brigades.
Further information on and
Esteban Rivera, 8 May 2005

I'm not sure if it really was a flag proper. As with many terrorist organizations BR used clothes or placards with their logo as a background for photos or videos. I record seeing the BR logo cloth especially from the famous photo of DC leader (and former Italian prime minister) Aldo Moro, kidnapped and finally murdered by BR, see and In this photo the BR cloth does not look like a flag, rather like a hanging cloth.
M. Schmöger, 10 July 2005

There's a variant of the Red Brigade's flag, seen here: (source:
It is a vertical banner, and my guess is that the background is red.
Esteban Rivera, 2 October 2010

There's a more proper flag of the Red Brigades with different font color (this one is yellow,, source:, while the one we feature above is white). It can be seen here: (source: It measures 150 x 90 cm.
Esteban Rivera, 22 September 2016

The actual source of this image is in Wikimedia Commons:
António Martins-Tuválkin, 19 March 2017