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Saint-Chamond (Municipality, Loire, France)

Last modified: 2020-09-12 by ivan sache
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Flag of Saint-Chamond - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 11 May 2020

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Presentation of Saint-Chamond

The municipality of Saint-Chamond (34,967 inhabitants in 2017; 5,488 ha) developed on the tow banks of river Gier, between the Monts du Lyonnais to the north and Mont Pilat to the south. The regional iron and coal mines were the basis of the town's industrial growth during the 19th and 20th centuries. When many of the mines and factories closed in the late 20th century due to restructuring, there was a loss of jobs and population.

Olivier Touzeau, 11 May 2020

Flag of Saint-Chamond

The flag of Saint-Chamond (photo) is white with the municipal coat of arms, "Per pale argent a fess gules and azure".

The arms of Saint-Chamond are those of the Jarez lineage. Gaudemar de Jarez acquired in the 13th century the domain of Saint-Chamond from Briand de Lavieu. The Jarez would rule Saint-Chamond until 1344.
[Department of Loire]

Saint-Chamond, known until the late 15th century as Saint-Ennemond (Sanctus Annemondus, for Ennemond, bishop of Lyon from 650 to 663, murdered in Chalon by the infamous Ebroin), was the main town of pays de Jarez, a feudal domain probably named for river Gier (Latin, Jaris). The house of Jarez is documented from 1185 to 1344.
[[Histoire de Saint-Chamond et de la seigneurie de Jarez, depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'â nos jours, par James Condamin, 1890 [compte-rendu]. Bulletin Monumental 63, 503-508 (1898)]

These arms are shown in the Armorial Général, as the arms of the Chapter of the Collegiate Church of Saint Jean de Saint Chamond (image).

Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 11 May 2020