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Lobón (Municipality, Extremadura, Spain)

Last modified: 2020-10-24 by ivan sache
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Flag of Lobón - Image by Ivan Sache, 15 March 2020

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Presentation of Lobón

The municipality of Lobón (2,749 inhabitants in 2019; 5,760 ha; municipal website) is located 40 km east of Badajoz and 10 km south of Montijo. The municipality is composed of the town of Lobón and of the submunicipal entity of Guadjira (650 inh.).

Lobón, located on a height overlooking the valley of Guadiana, was nicknamed the Balcony of Extremadura by Queen Isabel II. The site was already settled in the Chalcolithic, as evidenced by the La Pobladilla settlement. A necropolis dated to the Bronze Age was also found near the Guadiana. Coins and other artifacts found in El Cotorrillo are related to Dipo, a Tartessian urban nucleus, possibly attacked and destroyed by Metellus during the Sartorian Wars.
Other traditions identify Lobón with Lyco, which was the site of a battle fought in 188 BC by Proconsul Lucius Emilius against the Lusitanians. Excavations performed in Santa Olalla hill have confirmed a dense Roman settlement along the road connecting Olispo (Lisbon) to Emerita Augusta (Mérida).

Some authors identify Lobón with a Moorish fortress located between Badajoz and Mérida described by Al Idrisi. Other believe that Lobón was already ruled by the order of the Temple in the second half of the 12the century.
After the reconquest of Mérida, the Order of Saint John established a commandery encompassing Montijo, Puebla de la Calzada and Torremayor. Commander Diego de Alvarado erected in Lobón a fortress from which little remains now.
Philp II sold Lobón to Elvira de Figueroa, the widow of Alonso de Cárdenas, Countess of Puebla del Maestre. The town was subsequently transferred to the Duchies of Medinaceli, Arcos and Frías.

Ivan Sache, 15 March 2020

Flag of Lobón

The flag of Lobón is a banner of the municipal arms.
The memoir supporting the proposed flag was redacted by Luis Lisón Hernández, Secretary General of the Royal Spanish Association of Official Chroniclers, member of the Royal Academy Alfonso X the Wise, of the Royal Academy Matritense of Heraldic and Genealogy, and of the Spanish Society of Vexillology, as proposed to the Mayor by Manuel García Cienfuegos, Lobón's Official Chronicler.
The memoir, submitted in late December 2015, was unanimously adopted on 21 March 2016 by the Municipal Council, as published on 15 April 2016 in the official gazette of Extremadura, No. 72, p. 9,196 (text), and validated in May 2016 by the Government of Extremadura.
[Crónicas de Un Pueblo, 16 August 2016]

The coat of arms of Lobón, adopted on 17 February 1987 by the Municipal Council and validated on 23 October 1987 by the Royal Academy of History, is prescribed by an Order issued on 3 February 1988 by the Government of Extremadura and published on 9 February 1988 in the official gazette of Extremadura, No. 11, p. 100 (text).
The coat of arms is described as follows:

Coat of arms: [Quarterly], 1. and 4. Gules two wolves passant or in pale, 2. and 3. Or five fig leaves or. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown closed.

The two quarters of the arms represent the Cárdenas and Figueroa lineages, respectively, founders of the feudal domain of Lobón.
[Crónicas de Un Pueblo, 16 August 2016]

Ivan Sache, 15 March 2020