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Preparatory Committee for the Autonomous Region of Tibet (China)

PCART, 中央代表团

Last modified: 2020-07-31 by ian macdonald
Keywords: tibet | china |
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[Flag of PCART]
image by Corentin Chamboredon, 23 March 2014

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The PCART was a system created by China in 1956 in order to reform Tibet and integrate it. On the paper it was supposed to give Tibet more autonomy and let the old Tibetan government gradually apply reforms. There were numerous Tibetan representatives, and some Chinese. The committee would consist of 51 members : 15 from the Tibetan government, 10 from the Panchen lama's government (by that time the Panchen lama received almost full power on the Tsang province), 10 from the Chamdo liberation committee (created in Eastern Tibet), 5 Chinese and 11 individuals from everywhere.
The committee depended on the State council, which could (and generally would) have the last word. It developed a number of offices and bureaus which would become in time the administration of the future Autonomous Tibetan Republic. From 1956 to 1959, its chairman was the Dalai lama, its vice-chairmen were the Panchen lama and general Zhang Guohua, and its secretary general was Ngabo Ngawang Jigmei who was a minister and a general of the Tibetan army in 1950.
Corentin Chamboredon, 19 March 2014

The delegation was led by Vice Premier Chen Yi to express congratulations. The delegation arrived in Lhasa on 17 April and the ceremony of inauguration of the PCART began on 22 April 1956.
Corentin Chamboredon, 23 March 2014

The Flag

In some occasion the Committee used a flag. It is a red flag with a golden fringe. There are two horizontal lines of text in yellow in the middle. The first line is in Chinese (is there anyone to translate it and give me the characters ?), the other line is in Tibetan and smaller in size. I'm not sure of the meaning, nor of the spelling.
Corentin Chamboredon, 19 March 2014

I checked with someone who can speak Tibetan, and both the Chinese (中央代表团) and Tibetan texts (༄༅༎ཀྲུང་དབྱང་གི་སྐུ་ཚབ་ཚོགས་པ། - wylie : krung dbyang gi sku tshab tshogs pa) mean Delegation of the Central Committee.
Corentin Chamboredon, 23 March 2014