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Várzea Alegre, Ceará (Brazil)

Last modified: 2012-02-11 by ian macdonald
Keywords: ceará | várzea alegre |
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Várzea Alegre, CE (Brazil) image by Dirk Schönberger, 16 March 2010

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About the Flag

Horizontally divided green over red, in center a white disk bearing a map of the municipality, divided diagonally green over red; in the red part a golden sun, in the green part a silhouette of a red hill with a cross; five small golden stars and one larger golden star around the map.

Official website at The flag is shown on the prefectural website at
Dirk Schönberger, 16 March 2010

The municipality of Várzea Alegre (37,740 inhabitants in 2007; 836 sq. km) is located 470 km of Fortaleza. The municipality is made of the town of Várzea Alegre proper (21,997 inh.) and of the rural districts of Calabaçao (95 sq. km, 17 settlements; founded in 1938 by State Decree No. 448), Canindezinho (120 sq. km, 25 settlements; founded in 1951 by State Decree No. 1,153), Ibicatú (125 sq. km, 19 settlements; founded in 1938 by State Decree No. 448), Naraniú (135 sq. km, 31 settlements; founded in 1933 by State Decree No. 1,156), and Riacho Verde (115 sq. km, 29 settlements; founded in 1933 by State Decree No. 1,156).

Várzea Alegre is one of the few municipalities in Ceará whose name was never changed. The early colonists already called Várzea Alegre (lit. "the happy valley") the valley where the paths from Cariri and Crato joined. The municipality was founded by Provincial Law No. 1,329 of 10 October 1870, seceding from the municipality of Lavras da Mangabeira. Inaugurated on 2 March 1872, the municipality was suppressed by Decree No. 193 of 20 May 1931, being incorporated to the municipality of Cedro. Várzea Alegre, however, was quickly reestablished as a municipality by Decree No. 1,156 of 4 December 1933.

The flag of Várzea Alegre is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 6 of 22 September 1968.
"Article 1.
The flag is made of two equal horizontal stripes, green and red, with, in the middle, a big white disk charged with a map of the municipality, also [diagonally] half divided green-red. The green part of the map is charged with a star as a symbol of a bright future; the red part of the map is charged with a hill topped with a cross to characterize the emerging civilization and the local religious traditions. The map is surrounded by six golden stars placed on the white disk, symbolizing the six districts forming the municipality. The central disk is surrounded by two scrolls, one at the top, inscribed with "CONFI NO PORVIR" [Trust in the Future], one at the bottom inscribed with 'SORRI AO PASSADO" (Smiling to the Past].

Article 2.
The proportions of the flag are 14 M in height on 20 M in width, "M" being an arbitrary unit. The diameter of the central disk is 6.5 M. [...] The central map has its outer points located at 0.6 M from the disk border. The scrolls are placed 1 M from the disk border."

The flag was imagined by Tibúrcio Bezerra, based on the saga of the municipality and its inhabitants, as a symbolical summary of its formation. The red stripe represents the blood and strength of the builders of the municipality. The green stripe represents the exuberant vegetation and hope expressed generation after generation. The white disk represents the earth. The division of the map symbolizes the imaginary lines that divide history. In the northern part appears the sun, always lightning the way to the future. In the southern part, the cross on the hill symbolizes the Christian origin of the municipality, described in our ancestors' history. Around the map, the bigger star represents the seat of the municipality, while the five smaller stars represent the districts of Naraniú, Canindezinho, Calabaço, Riacho Verde and Ibicatú. The stars are yellow, representing the piles of harvested rice grains so common on the valleys of the municipality. - Municipal website - Photo of the flag (outdoors) - Photo of the flag (indoors)

Ivan Sache, 16 January 2012