Last modified: 2016-10-27 by ivan sache
Keywords: sultanhisar |
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Flag of Sultanhisar - Image by Tomislav Šipek, 16 April 2015
The municipality of Sultanhisar (21,235 inhabitants in 2012, 6,159 in the town proper; 23,608 ha) is located 30 km east of Aydın.
Ivan Sache, 10 March 2016
The flag of Sultanhisar (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the municipality features the theater and two columns of the ancient town of Nysa (photo).
Nysa is a Seleucid foundation, apparently on the site of an earlier Athymbra, founded according to Strabo by a Spartan Athymbros, by a synoecism with two other cities, Athymbrada and Hydrela. The founder was Antiochos I , who acted in response to a dream and named the city after his wife Nysa (otherwise unknown). A letter of Seleucus and Antiochos dated 281 B.C. is addressed to the Athymbrianoi, and this name survived to the latter part of the 3d c.. It seems that the name was changed from Athymbra to Nysa at some time towards 200 B.C.; the earliest coins, of the late 2d c., have the latter name. At Acharaka, on the territory of Nysa, lay the celebrated Plutonion and the cave Charonion.
Strabo was educated at Nysa, and his description of the city (649) can be verified in the existing ruins. It is, he says, a sort of double city, divided by a stream which forms a ravine; part of this is spanned by a bridge connecting the two cities, and part is adorned with an amphitheater under which the stream flows concealed; below the theater is on one side the gymnasium of the young men, on the other the agora and the gerontikon. All these buildings are identifiable, though in some cases badly preserved. The theater, on the other hand, is well preserved: of Graeco-Roman type, its cavea is more than a semicircle; there are 23 rows of seats below the single diazoma and 26 above it. Nine stairways divide it into eight cunei; these are doubled above the diazoma. The front of the stage building is visible, with the usual five doors, but the back part has not been excavated. Low down on each side of the cavea is an arched vomitorium.
[The Princeton Classical Encyclopedia of Classical Sites]
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 10 March 2016