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Poland in the Book of All Kingdoms

Last modified: 2018-12-15 by rob raeside
Keywords: book of all kingdoms | polonia | cholm |
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[Polonia] image by Eugene Ipavec, 21 Dec 2009

The 12th flag mentioned and illustrated in the Book of All Kingdoms [original book] is attributed to Poland, but the design is completely different from any of the many historical flags of Poland.

It says that 'El rey d'esta Polonia á por seńales un pendón verde con esta seńal bermeja atal', the King of this Poland has for sign a green pendon with this sign in red, like this. Image as depicted in the illustrated transcription of [original book], in the sinister-hoisted ogival flag shape default of this source. The text in [original book] uses the spelling "Polonia" three times and "Palonia" four times, mostly mixed in the same paragraph.

The "red" symbol on the flag is actually linedrawn in red and filled with white, consisting of a star of David standing on two points with a round central dot and superimposed on what seems to be a six-petalled daisy, its semi-circular petals meeting withing each of the six striangles that make up each point of the star.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 7 Nov 2007

I always wondered weather the emblem is not simply a representation of a heraldic rose, i.e. a "sexfoil" (actually a standard heraldic sexfoil would be a narcissus according to James Parker).
Željko Heimer, 22 Dec 2009


[Xorman] image by António Martins-Tuválkin, 29 Dec 2007

The 112th flag mentioned and illustrated in the Book of All Kingdoms [f0fXX] is attributed to Xorman, which [f0f12] (on p.73) identifies as Cholm, currently Chełm in Poland (see also wikipedia).

This as depicted in the 2005 spanish illustrated transcription [f0f05], a white flag with two large yellow crescents (no lining) pointing outwards (i.e. addorsed), the flag shown in the ogival default shape of this source.

Although it depicts it, source [f0f05] does not mention this flag in the text; the 1912 english illsutrated and commented translation [f0f12] does not include any text about it, too, but it also includes this image: According to [f0f12] (#89 on plate 19 between p.57-58), the manuscript "N" [f0fXXn] shows this flag, while the manuscript "S" [f0fXXs] shows a red bordered shield filled with a dark hue (blue, black, purple) with a yellow very thin eight-pointed star.

No mention of this flag in our website.
António Martins-Tuválkin, 29 Dec 2007