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Latvia - Political Flags

Last modified: 2018-11-06 by zoltán horváth
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Harmony Centre (defunct)

image by Randy Young, 25 January 2016

"Harmony Centre (Latvian: Saskaņas Centrs, SC; Russian: Центр Cогласия, ЦC) was a social-democratic political coalition in Latvia.
It consisted of up to five political parties: the National Harmony Party, the Socialist Party of Latvia, New Centre, the Daugavpils City Party and the Social Democratic Party. Through a series of mergers they were eventually reduced to two: Social Democratic Party "Harmony" and the Socialist Party. The alliance dissolved in 2014."
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmony_Centre

The flag is a horizontal flag with the logo in the middle, as seen here
Source: http://www.rebaltica.lv/en/investigations/money_from_russia/a/606/spreading_democracy_in_latvia_kremlin_style.html
(credits of the picture to: young.lv )
For additional information go to: Saskanas Centrs (official website)
Esteban Rivera, 25 January 2016

image by Randy Young, 29 July 2016

Also note that there is the flag with Latvian inscription as sell, incompletely visible at the source photo.
Variant of the logo with inscription in Latvian.
Tomislav Todorović, 25 January 2016


Flag of "Latgalian National-Bolshevik Republic, 2005"

image by Tomislav Todorović and Victor Lomantsov, 29 January 2010

At WEB-pages of "Tribunal" - bulletin of Latvian National-Bolsheviks <tribunal.narod.ru> (defunct), I have found proposed flag of Latvia after possible in the future victory of National Bolshevik party in this country. The inscription (in Russian): "Flag of Latgalian National-Bolshevik Republic, 2005". In my image I used colours closed to Latvian flag. I don't sure in it, because the image of the flag in the site is "waved". Maybe it is plain red. National-Bolshevik Party is not Communist (but they use popular H&S symbols). It is a Neu-Nazi party.
Victor Lomantsov, 27 April 2003

Latgalia is a province in the south-eastern part of Latvia. Latgalia has a political and cultural history different from that of the rest of the Latvia which were long under German-Swedish rule and thus became marked by German-Swedish culture. Latgalia remained under Polish-Lithuanian rule until 1772, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire. Today, this part of Latvia is almost entirely inhabited by ethnic Russians. Oddly enough, only the tiny minority of ethnic Latvians in this part of Latvia are today called "Latgalians".
On the same "Nationalist Bolshevik" website there is an article about a radar station in Latgalia which recently has been set up by the Latvian Government in order to meet NATO standards. The article's heading is "Genocide"...
Kristian Söderberg, 28 April 2003

Nazi-Bolsheviks in Latvia is very active but a small movement. In any occasion they have demonstrations, piquets and other activities. In organization they are close to analogue Russian party (National Bolshevik Party). In all activities they fly Nazi-like flag (red with white ring) with hammer and sickle. Without any white band.
Latgalia is almost entirely Latvian (Latgalian) excluding Daugavpils, Ludza and 10 rural parishes. But Daugavpils is 2nd biggest city in Latvia and greatest in Latgalia and in this case Latvians and non-Latvians are 50:50. Non-Latvians include very big minorities of Poles and Belarusians.
Gvido Pētersons, 28 April 2003

This flag may be seen at the current Web site of the bulletin "Tribunal" (the site which served as Mr Lomantsov's source is closed), whose homepage: <www.tribunal.times.lv> contains a screenshot of its earlier version, where the flag is clearly seen as employing the same shade of red as in the flag of Latvia.
Tomislav Todorović, 29 January 2010


Latvian Nationalist Club

image by Tomislav Todorovic, 31 July 2017

Latvian Nationalist Club (Latviešu nacionālistu klubs) is a nationalist youth organization which was founded in 1995 as the Club 415 (Klubs 415), the present name having been adopted in 2008 - or at least, that is when its online use began, the original name remaining in parallel use online until the next year [1, 2, 3]. It uses a flag in national colors: a complex emblem, its central part being a variant of Laima's Cross (Latvian swastika), in white on red field. The shade of red may sometimes appear lighter than on the national flag, perhaps due to aging, and the emblem may be displayed as mirrored [4], which is probably an error, for the correct display was recorded very early [2].

Sources:
[1] Latvian Nationalist Club website - Organization info: http://www.nacionalisti.lv/teksti/2/latviesu-nacionalistu-klubs/
[2] Latvian Nationalist Club website - Organization info - saved on 2008-01-19 (first save): http://nacionalisti.lv:80/teksti/2/Latviešu nacionālistu klubs/
[3] Club 415 website home page at Internet Archive - saved on 2009-01-16 (last save): http://klubs415.lv:80/
[4] Latvian Nationalist Club website - Photo gallery from 2010: http://www.nacionalisti.lv/galerija/266/lacplesa-dienas-lapu-gajiens-riga-(2010)/
Tomislav Todorovic, 31 July 2017


Latvian Scandinavian Cross

image by Ree Fischer, 4 December 2005

There is a Scandinavian-cross version of the Latvian flag. The version has been created by a non-governmental organisation and later a political party, For the National Independence of Latvia, in the early 1990's. Nordic ideas were among those vividly discussed in the society. The discussion still continues, yet is not getting much attention in the media. Ratio 19:26 with the cross shifted to the left.
Ree Fischer, 4 December 2005


National Alliance

National Alliance "All For Latvia!" – "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM"

image by Tomislav Todorovic, 31 July 2017

National Alliance "All For Latvia!" – "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM" (Latvian: Nacionālā apvienība "Visu Latvijai!"—"Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK"), usually shortened to National Alliance, is a right-wing political party in Latvia. It was founded in 2010 as the electoral alliance of the parties All for Latvia! (Latvian: Visu Latvijai!) and For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM (Latvian: Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK). In 2011, the two parties have merged into one, under the name previously used by the alliance; the process of merger was declared completed in 2013. The unified party has participated in every government of Latvia since 2011. Regarding the international affiliation, it is a member of the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe.

Just like the party name has remained the combination of names of both founding parties, its logo was created by simple joining of the two parties' logos, both of which employ national colors - white and dark red. However, no new flag was has been adopted so far; instead, the flags of the founding parties are used together, usually with the national flag placed between them.

Sources:
[1] National Alliance at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Alliance_(Latvia)
[2] National Alliance website - Photo gallery from the 3rd party Congress on 2013-12-10: http://www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv/gallery/nacionalas-apvienibas-3-kongress-foto/
[3] National Alliance website - News report from 2016-10-24: http://www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv/aktualitate/nacionala-apvieniba-aicina-ieviest-vienadas-tiesibas-pabalstu-sanemsana/
[4] National Alliance website - Photo gallery from the party program presentation in Riga on 2017-04-10: http://www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv/gallery/na-prezente-rigas-pasvaldibas-velesanu-programmu/
[5] Puaro online magazine - News report from 2016-12-10: http://puaro.lv/politika/nacionala-apvieniba-veicinasot-krievvalodigo-izcelosanu-nav-skaidrs-tikai-ka/
[6] Liepajniekiem.lv website - News report from 2017-03-07: https://www.liepajniekiem.lv/zinas/sabiedriba/nacionala-apvieniba-par-meru-liepaja-virza-dianu-svanbergu-198739

For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM

For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM (Latvian: Tēvzemei un Brīvībai/LNNK) was founded in 1997 by fusion of For Fatherland and Freedom (Latvian: Tēvzemei un Brīvībai), founded itself in 1993 by fusion of two smaller parties, and Latvian National Independence Movement (LNIM; Latvian: Latvijas Nacionālās Neatkarības Kustība, LNNK), founded in 1988. The party has participated in the government of Latvia 1995-2004 and 2006-2010. In 2011, it has merged with the All for Latvia! into the present-day National Alliance.

The party flag was charged with the emblem in national colors and the party name inscribed beneath it in two rows in black, all on gold field. The emblem, an elaborate form of swastika, is called Laima's Cross (Latvian: Laimas krusts), after a high ranking goddess of Dievturība, a Latvian neo-pagan religion, whose symbol is swastika in varying forms. This particular form of Laima's Cross is modeled after many similar ones which appear in Latvian folk art, mainly as embroidery, as is shown by numerous photos available online. After the 2011 merger, the flag was kept in use by the National Alliance.

[1] For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/For_Fatherland_and_Freedom/LNNK
[2] For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM website - About the party: http://www.tb.lv/kas-mes-esam
[3] Dievturība community website - Emblems of deities: http://www.dievturi.org/latviesuraksti.htm
[4] National Alliance website - Photo gallery from the 3rd party Congress on 2013-12-10: http://www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv/gallery/nacionalas-apvienibas-3-kongress-foto/
[5] Liepajniekiem.lv website - News report from 2017-03-07: https://www.liepajniekiem.lv/zinas/sabiedriba/nacionala-apvieniba-par-meru-liepaja-virza-dianu-svanbergu-198739

Image of described flag; derived from the SVG image of party emblem, which is available for free download from Free Vector website: http://freevector.co/logos-vector/tevzemei-un-brivibai-logo-vector.html

All For Latvia!

image by Tomislav Todorovic, 31 July 2017

All For Latvia! (Latvian: Visu Latvijai!) was founded as a political youth organization in 2000 and transformed into the political party in 2006. In 2011, it has merged with the For Fatherland and Freedom/LNIM into the present-day National Alliance.

The party emblem was a dark red diamond, charged with the initials VL above the symbol called Jumis, all in white. The symbol is used to represent the same-named god of Dievturība, a Latvian neo-pagan religion. On the flag, the symbol appeared with a white fimbriation on dark red field, accompanied with the full party name in white, spelled, as was frequently done, without the exclamation mark. The shade of red was intended to be the same as in the national flag, although it frequently appears lighter in currently available photos, which might be due to aging. After the 2011 merger, the flag was kept in use by the National Alliance.

[1] All For Latvia! at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_for_Latvia!
[2] All For Latvia! website at Internet Archive Party Statute (in DOC format, saved on 2011-11-06): http://web.archive.org/web/20081106155421/http://www.visulatvijai.lv/faili/VL/dokumenti/VL_Statuti.doc
[3] Dievturība community website - Emblems of deities: http://www.dievturi.org/latviesuraksti.htm
[4] National Alliance website - Photo gallery from the 3rd party Congress on 2013-12-10: http://www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv/gallery/nacionalas-apvienibas-3-kongress-foto/
[5] National Alliance website - News report from 2016-10-24: http://www.nacionalaapvieniba.lv/aktualitate/nacionala-apvieniba-aicina-ieviest-vienadas-tiesibas-pabalstu-sanemsana/
[6] Liepajniekiem.lv website - News report from 2017-03-07: https://www.liepajniekiem.lv/zinas/sabiedriba/nacionala-apvieniba-par-meru-liepaja-virza-dianu-svanbergu-198739
Tomislav Todorovic, 31 July 2018


National Bolshevik Party

image by Christina Janke, 25 September 2006 and Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

Image of real flag at <latvia.nb-info.org>
Christina Janke, 25 September 2006

This image is a modification of those was created by Christina Janke. The photo of this flag can be seen at the current party website and it served as the model for the image modification.
Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

Variants of flag

image by Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

A variant of this flag with both the disc and the hand grenade larger and the aspect ratio about 3:5 was seen at a rally in Riga on 2009-02-16. The disc seems to be set off-centre, but it is difficult to tell if it was meant to be so or it was just the imprecise home-making. (This is why the disc in the attached image is centred.)
Tomislav Todorović, 13 June 2010

image by Tomislav Todorović, 20 June 2010

image by Tomislav Todorović, 20 June 2010

The flags with the same basic design, but with black field, were seen at the rally in Riga on 2009-05-25. They had the aspect ratio of either 2:3 or 1:2.
Tomislav Todorović, 20 June 2010

image by Tomislav Todorović, 30 April 2012

What follows is the update to my earlier contribution:
The red flag charged with the hand grenade on a white disk is sometimes used with aspect ratio 1:1. Such flags were seen in Riga, on 2005-05-07, during protests against the visit of U.S. President George W. Bush to Latvia. The flags were used together with those with aspect ratio 3:5. This version of flag is created as the modification of the image above.
Tomislav Todorović, 30 April 2012


National Force Union

image from <www.nss.lv>

It seems this is some ultra-nationalist party. However, they have a flag at <www.nss.lv>.
Valentin Poposki, 30 July 2006

National Force Union

National Force Union (Nacionālā Spēka Savienība) was founded in 2003 by some of the former members of Helsinki-86, the oldest anti-Communist opposition group in Soviet Latvia [1, 2]. The party was member of European National Front, a grouping of ultra-rightist parties in the countries of European Union [1]. In 2008, the party disbanded itself, after having failed to apply for the re-registration, which was a mandatory element of the then political reforms [2]. Part of the members subsequently joined the Fatherland Union (Tēvzemes savienība), a party with similar orientation, creating the Union of National Forces of Fatherland (Tēvzemes
nacionālo spēku savienība), which would be renamed into the Fatherland Heritage (Tēvzemes mantojums) in 2012 [1, 2, 3]. The new party inherited the emblem from the National Force Union [3].

Sources:
[1] National Force Union at Wikipedia (in English): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Power_Unity
[2] National Force Union at Wikipedia (in Latvian): https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nacion%C4%81l%C4%81_Sp%C4%93ka_Savien%C4%ABba
[3] National Heritage at Wikipedia (in Latvian): https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C4%93vzemes_mantojums
Tomislav Todorovic. 31 July 2017

The flag is derived from the national flag by adding the party emblem over all, a white diamond charged with four small patterns of national flag, arranged so as to resemble the swastika ("Laima's Cross"). All of this symbolizes the unity and indivisibility of the country, as well as its four historic regions - Kurzeme, Vidzeme, Zemgale and Latgale.

Source:
National Force Union website at Internet Archive - Party flag (saved on 2006-11-04): http://www.nss.lv/simbols.php
Tomislav Todorovic, 5 August 2017

National Union "Justice"

image by Tomislav Todorovic. 31 July 2017

National Union "Justice" (Nacionālā Savienība "Taisnīgums") is an ultra-rightist party which was founded in 2014 [1], as the successor of Fatherland Heritage (Tēvzemes mantojums), whose emblem it uses [2]. The emblem, a white diamond charged with four rectangles in colours of the national flag of Latvia and arranged in a swastika-like pattern, was originally used by the National Force Union [3, 4]. On the party flag, however, it is no longer placed over the national flag pattern, but on a plain red field [5, 6, 7, 8]. The fact that the online photo gallery of the party includes the photos from 2011 [5] and 2013 [6], created before its founding date [1], is what reveals it as the successor of National Heritage, also revealing that the earlier party had used the same flag.

Sources:
[1] National Union "Justice" at Facebook - About: https://www.facebook.com/pg/Taisnigums/about/?ref=page_internal
[2] National Heritage at Wikipedia (in Latvian): https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C4%93vzemes_mantojums
[3] National Force Union at Wikipedia (in English): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Power_Unity
[4] National Force Union at Wikipedia (in Latvian): https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/
[5] National Union "Justice" at Facebook - Photos from 2011: https://www.facebook.com/pg/Taisnigums
[6] National Union "Justice" at Facebook - Photos from 2013-10-18: https://www.facebook.com/pg/Taisnigums
[7] National Union "Justice" at Facebook - Photo from 2016-08-16: https://www.facebook.com/Taisnigums
[8] National Union "Justice" at Facebook - Photos from 2016-12-17: https://www.facebook.com/Taisnigums

Tomislav Todorovic. 31 July 2017


Pērkonkrusts (Thunder Cross)

image by Jānis Stūrītis, António Martins-Tuválkin and Tomislav Todorović, 23 March 2016

I found another very interesting poster showing a crimsom red horizontal flag, with a yellow swastika and two crossed white stars. It is the flag of the Pērkonkrusts (Thunder cross) a "Latvian ultra-nationalist, anti-German and antisemitic political party founded in 1933 by Gustavs Celmiņš, borrowing elements of German nationalism - but being unsympathetic to German National Socialism at the time - and Italian fascism, (which) was outlawed in 1934 and dissolved in 1944, when Celmiņš, who had initially returned to work in the occupying German administration, was imprisoned." Its flag is seen here.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C4%93rkonkrusts
Esteban Rivera, 22 March 2016

"Crossed white stars" are actually a cross crosslet.
As Wikipedia, also states, Thunder Cross was refounded after Latvia had regained its independence - several times, each time banned shortly afterwards, always under the leadership of an Igors Šiškins.
After the last ban, a Gustavs Celmiņš Center was founded, under the same leadership and the same flag. Photo of the flag used by one of these "incarnations" can be found here. (image)
Dark red field (same as the national flag), white cross crosslet and golden (old gold) swastika are clearly recognizable.
Tomislav Todorović, 22 March 2016

Image adapted with credit to Jānis Stūrītis; source given is Armands Paeglis' book "Pērkonkrusts pār Latviju" (not a Vexillology book).
António Martins-Tuválkin, 22 March 2016

I made after the following source photo. The shape is more oblong (about 3:5), the shade of red is that of Latvian national flag and the swastika has thicker arms.
Source http://tautastribunals.eu/?p=1837
Tomislav Todorović, 23 March 2016

To explain the symbolism of this flag, one has to bear in mind that members of the Thunder Cross advocated rejection of Christianity as a religion of foreign origin and its replacing with Dievturība a Latvian neo-pagan religious movement which was founded in 1925. In that religion, cross crosslet and swastika are symbols, respectively, of Māra and Laime, the highest-ranking goddesses, which are considered to make a trinity with the supreme god Dievs. The symbols of these and other deities are shown at the website of Dievturība community.
From the photos found at the same website, it is clear that a wooden cross crosslet (/krustukrusts/), or Māra's Cross (/Māras krusts/) makes an important part of the altar. Photo of the altar is available here and an enlarged photo of the cross itself is available here.
Tomislav Todorović, 26 March 2016

image by Tomislav Todorović, 27 April 2016

In 1990's, and possibly some time during 2000's, Thunder Cross was using another flag, where a narrow white swastika with much wider dark red borders (pattern modeled after the Latvian national flag) was placed in center and a small dark green cross crosslet ("Māra's Cross") was placed in canton, all on white field. A photo, no longer online, could be found here (saved image).
A black and white photo from the same source, also no longer online, saved here, gives an incomplete view of the same flag. Note the text along the bottom edge, which dates the photo in the year 1996. Finally, another color photo, again with the incomplete view of the flag, was originally found here (saved image)
The flag seems not to be in use any longer, for only the flags with the original design can currently be seen on the Web.
Tomislav Todorović, 27 April 2016


Russian Union of Latvia

image by Tomislav Todorović, 23 August 2018

Russian Union of Latvia (Latvian: Latvijas Krievu savienība; LKS; Russian: Русский союз Латвии, РСЛ) is the party which advocates the rights of Russian minority in Latvia. It was founded in 2007 under the name For Human Rights in a United Latvia (ForHRUL; Latvian: Par cilvēka tiesībām vienotā Latvijā, PCTVL; Russian: За права человека в единой Латвии, ЗаПЧЕЛ) as the successor of same-named electoral alliance which was founded in 1998. The present name of the party was adopted in 2014. On the level of European Union, it is member of European Free Alliance, an Europarty which gathers regionalist political parties from various EU member countries.

Source:
Russian Union of Latvia at Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latvian_Russian_Union

The flag of the Russian Union of Latvia is in Russian national colors: a very wide white east-west diagonal stripe between two triangular panels, blue a the top and red at the bottom. In center of white field, the party logo is placed, which consists of two modified right triangles, their hypotenuses replaced with elliptical arcs; the top one is red and bears the Latvian abbreviation LKS, while the bottom one is blue and bears the Russian abbreviation РСЛ; both inscriptions are in white.

The image of the flag is derived from the image of party logo from Wikimedia Commons: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Latvian_Russian_Union_logo.png

Sources:
[1] Russian Union of Latvia website - Photo gallery from the rally on 2018-05-01: http://rusojuz.lv/ru/ourevents/26324-pervomaj--den-borbi-fotoreportazh/
[2] Russian Union of Latvia at Facebook - Photo album from rally on 2018-05-01: https://www.facebook.com/pg/rusojuz/photos/?tab=album&album_id=1667902946660219
[3] Russian Union of Latvia website - Photo gallery from the rally on 2018-06-02: http://rusojuz.lv/ru/ourevents//26348-fotoreportazh-s-mitinga-2-ijunja-posvjaschennogo-mezhdunarodnomu-dnju-zaschiti-detej/
[4] Russian Union of Latvia website - Photo gallery from the meeting at party headquarters on 2018-06-30: http://rusojuz.lv/ru/ourevents/26365-pravlenie-rsl-30-ijunja/
[5] Russian Union of Latvia website - Photo gallery from the press conference on 2018-07-02: http://rusojuz.lv/ru/ourevents/26371-fotogalereja-s-presskonferencii-liderov-spiska-rsl-2-ijulja-2018-goda/

Tomislav Todorović, 23 August 2018