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Communist Party, Italy

Partito Comunista

Last modified: 2018-08-04 by rob raeside
Keywords: partito comunista | communist party |
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Overview

Communist Party (Partito Comunista; PC) was founded in 2009 as the Communists – Popular Left (Comunisti - Sinistra Popolare; CSP) by former members of the Party of Italian Communists as an "anti-revisionist" Marxist–Leninist party [1, 2, 3]. In 2012, it was renamed into the Communists – Popular Left – Communist Party (Comunisti Sinistra Popolare - Partito Comunista), eventually adopting its current name in 2014 [1, 2]. In 2013, it was one of the founding members of the Initiative of Communist and Workers' Parties, the organization of European Marxist–Leninist parties, and since 2017,
it is also a participant of the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties, the worldwide gathering of such parties [1, 2].


Flag

image by Tomislav Todorovic, 12 July 2018

The current flag of the Communist Party is red, with large hammer, sickle and star in white, occupying top and central parts of the field, with the party name inscribed below in two rows in white, all letters uppercase, the second word placed over a black horizontal stripe; the ratio is 1:1 [4, 5]. The design also serves as the election symbol of the party [1, 3].
Tomislav Todorovic, 12 July 2018


Previous flag

image by Tomislav Todorovic, 12 July 2018

The previous party flag has differed in the color of hammer, sickle and star, which were yellow [1, 3, 4, 6, 7]. Adopted along with the name change in 2012, it was replaced with the current version in 2013, so as to be able to register the design as the election symbol without the problems [1, 3], for it was considered too similar to that of the Communist Refoundation Party.
Tomislav Todorovic, 12 July 2018

image by Tomislav Todorovic, 12 July 2018

On the original flag of the Communists – Popular Left, the hammer, sickle and star were smaller and the party name was inscribed as follows: word comunisti (all letters lowercase) on a white stripe along the top edge, word Sinistra (only S uppercase) on red field beneath the hammer and sickle, and word popolare (all letters lowercase) on a black stripe below; the black stripe was wider and bottom red "margin" was narrower than on later flags, while the ratio was the same [7, 8, 9].
Tomislav Todorovic, 12 July 2018


Sources

[1] Communist Party at Wikipedia (in Italian): https://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Partito_Comunista_(2009)
[2] Communist Party at Wikipedia (in English): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_(Italy)
[3] Communist Party website - Party history: http://ilpartitocomunista.it/movimento/
[4] Communist Party at Facebook - Photo gallery https://www.facebook.com/pg/ilpartitocomunista/photos/?ref=page_internal
[5] informISKRazione website: http://www.iskrae.eu/messaggio-di-solidarieta-di-csp-partito-comunista-al-partito-fratello-tkp-partito-comunista-di-turchia/
[6] Communist Circle of Parma blog - Entry on 2012-03-19. https://circolocomunistaparma.wordpress.com/2012/03/19/%ef%bb%bfdocumento-di-adesione-al-percorso-di-costruzione-del-partito-comunista/
[7] Communist Circle of Parma blog - Entry on 2012-01-25: https://circolocomunistaparma.wordpress.com/2012/01/25/partito-comunista/
[8] Blog of the Communists – Popular Left in Mantua province - Entry on 2011-04-12: http://comunisti-sinistrapopolare-mn.blogspot.com/2011/04/ecco-la-lista-di-comunisti-sinistra.html
[9] La Stampa newspaper website: http://www.lastampa.it/2018/02/22/alessandria/verso-le-elezioni-del-marzo-pronte-le-schede-non-c-pi-falce-e-martello-7T8zyeCIIAFGNK8IXUORgL/pagina.html