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Celldomolk (Vas, Hungary)

Celldömölk város

Last modified: 2021-08-13 by zachary harden
Keywords: hungary | vas | celldomolk | st. mary | vine | kiscell |
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image by István Molnár, 10 March 2001



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Overview

Upper flag is based on the Res. No. 14/1991 (IX.18.) of the Community of the Town of Celldömölk and its appendix No. 8. The second image is based on a photo of a small flag that was sent by the Community of the Town of Celldömölk.
Celldömölk is a town in Vas County in Hungary on the Little Hungarian Plain in the Marcal Valley (30 km West from Pápa). The town has got 11.917 inhabitants (1990 census), nearly all of them are Hungarians. Neighbouring settlements are: Mersevát, Kemenessömjén, Kemenesmihályfa, Tokorcs, Mesteri, Kemeneskápolna, Köcsk, Nemeskocs, Csögle, Egeralja,  Adorjánháza and Külsővat villages.
from <www.freeweb.hu>: Celldömölk has got five historical parts. The oldest part is Pórdömölk (the first mention is from 1252 as 'ecclesia Sancta Marie de Demunk') Pórdömölk was the village of the Abbey of Dömölk (the first mention is from 1338 as 'monasterii de Demelk'). The second part is Nemesdömölk (Pór means serf, Nemes means noble). Its first mention is from 1457 as 'Kysdemelk or Felsew Demelk'. The settlements were destroyed by the Turks in 1532, 1594, 1620 and 1686. Nemesdömölk became the center of the Lutherans after 1681. The settlement as a borough or town was a district seat. The third part, Kiscell was founded by Odo Koptik, Abbey of Dömölk. He brought along the duplicate of the devotional object - sculpture of St. Mary of Mariazell. He built a new chapel and sprang a well. When his workers sprang a well a great stone fell on a worker. And he didn't die. This was a miracle and the statue became a miraculous object. In 1745 there was built the second building of the settlement: a  restaurant. The new settlement had got a name: Kis Mária Cell. The new settlement became a town in 1790. From the 1850s Kiscell became the district seat. In 1909 the three villages - Pórdömölk, Nemesdömölk and Kiscell - were united as Celldömölk. Celldömölk became an important railway junction.
In 1910 Celldömölk was a village in the Celldömölk district of Vas County of the Kingdom of Hungary. Number of its inhabitants in 1910: 4.616; 4.519 (97,9%) Hungarian, 50 (1,1%) German and 47 (1,0%) other by mother tongue, 3.085(66,8%) Roman Catholic, 1.081 (23,4%) Lutheran, 385 (8,3%) Jew and 65 (1,4%) other by religion.
The fourth part is Alsóság. Its first mention is from 1272. It was a borough later village. In 1910 it was a village in the Celldömölk district of Vas County of the Kingdom of Hungary. Number of its inhabitants in 1910: 2.608; (99,7% Hungarian by mother tongue, 54,7% Roman Catholic, 43,7% Lutheran by religion). In 1950 it was united with Celldömölk.
The fifth part is Izsákfa. The first mention is from 1435 as 'Isakfalua'. This settlement was destroyed by the Turks too. In 1910 it was a village in the Celldömölk district of Vas County of the Kingdom of Hungary. Number of its inhabitants in 1910: 574; (99,8% Hungarian by mother tongue, 78,6% Roman Catholic, 20,2% Lutheran by religion). Izsákfa was united with Celldömölk in 1979. After this union Celldömölk became a town.
Description of the Coat of Arms: Standing blue shield with pointed bottom divided into three parts. In the left field there is St. Mary and a little child Jesus. On their heads there are crowns with cress. On St. Mary's shoulder there is a crucifix. This symbol relates to the miraculous object and the historical Kiscell. In the left field there is a lion putting its tongue on and in his left hand there is a sword. I think this symbol relates to the historical Nemesdömölk. In the bottom field there is a cluster of grapes relates to the vineyards of Alsóság.
Symbols were adopted on 18 September 1991.
István Molnár, 10 March 2001


Variants

1) image by István Molnár, 10 March 2001

This variant is based on the photo of a small flag.
István Molnár, 10 March 2001

2) image by István Molnár, 18 March 2001

Today I was in Celldömölk and I have seen this version flying around the Mayor's Office. I think this is the common version and the long gold-blue hanging one is the ceremonial version.
István Molnár, 18 March 2001


"Communist Era" Coat of Arms

image by István Molnár, 14 May 2001