Last modified: 2020-04-03 by ivan sache
Keywords: maqueda |
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Flag of Maqueda - Image by "Daarbos86", Wikimedia Commons, 10 September 2019
The municipality of Maqueda (461 inhabitants in 2018; 7,800 ha; municipal website) is located 40 km north-west of Toledo.
Maqueda, located on a hill overlooking a road junction, might have been the site of an Iberian-Celtic castrum. Archeological remains and coins provide evidence of a Roman sttlement.
The Moors established a town named Maqqada, for an Arab word meaning "firm", "stable"; highly estimated for its fertile soil and topographic location and for its fortress, Maqqada was nicknamed "Golden Dream" by Almanzor (c. 938-1002).
Conquerred in 1085 by Alfonso VI, Maqueda was granted in 1177 to the Order of Calatrava by Alfonso VII.
The Duchy of Maqueda was erected in 1530 by Charles I for Diego de Cárdenas (d. 1542), Commander Mayor of León. The fortress of Maqueda was commanded around 1500 by Diego Sáchez de Cortinas, grand-grand father of the writer Cervantes.
Ivan Sache, 10 September 2019
The flag of Maqueda is prescribed by Order No. 46, issued on 14 March 2018 by the Government of Castilla-La Mancha and published on 28 March 2018 in the official gazette of Castilla-La Mancha, No. 62, p. 9,389 (text).
The flag is described as follows:
Flag: Rectangular panel, crimson red, charged in the center with the crowned coat of arms of the town, which was adopted in 1969, in width half the flag's width.
The coat of arms of Maqueda is prescribed by Decree No. 1460, issued on 26 June 1969 by the Spanish Government and published on 15 July 1969 in the Spanish official gazette, No. 168, p. 11,182 (text).
The coat of arms is described as follows:
Coat of arms: Per fess, 1. Argent a Cross of Calatrava gules, 2. Or two wolves passant sable in pale a bordure gules charged with eight scallops or and eight letters "S" of the same. The shield surmounted by a Royal crown.
The Royal Academy of History recognized that the proposed arms, which are supported by a well-documented memoir. The report established that Maqueda successively belonged to the Order of Calatrava and to Gutiere de Cárdenas, the root of the ducal house of Maqueda, whose heraldic attributes are worth being featured on the arms of Maqueda. The Academy rejected the use, in a third quarter, of a golden key symbolizing the role of Maqueda in the seizure of Toledo and access to the Madrid front in 1946, during the Civil War; the Academy recalls that symbols of the recent, controversial past, should not appear on present and future coats of arms.
[Boletín de la Real Academia de la Historia 170:1, 202-204. 1973]
The seizure of Maqueda on 21 September 1936 and of Torrijos the next day allowed the Francoist troops to advance to river Guadarrama, a pre-requisite to the seizure of Toledo on 27 September 1936, where a garrison of the Civil Guard had entranched in the Alcazar on 21 July 1936. Franco was named Chief of the National State the next day.
[La Tribuna de Toledo, 9 May 2016; El Mundo, 27 September 2016]
Ivan Sache, 10 September 2019