Last modified: 2020-08-08 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | santa margarida do sul |
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image by Ivan Sache, 4 August 2020
The municipality of Santa Margarida do Sul (2,352 inhabitants; 95,615 ha) is
located 300 km west of Porto Alegre. The municipality is composed of the
districts of Santa Margarida (seat), Bolso, Canas, Serrinha and Cambaizinho.
The municipality was established by State Law No. 10,751 promulgated on 16 April April 1996, separating from São Gabriel.
Santa Margarida do Sul is named for its patron saint, St. Margaret Mary Alacoque (1647-1690, canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV), a French mystic nun who promoted modern devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
The town has a chapel dedicated to Pantaleão dos Santos, a 12-years boy who was murdered and beheaded, his head being thrown down into a hole.
Santa Margarida do Sul is the birth place of Colonel José Plácido de Castro (1873-1908), who led the Brazilian troops during the Acre Revolution; on 6 August 1902, he seized the town of Xapuri, which resulted in the proclamation of independence of Acre from Bolivia. Appointed Governor of Acre in January 1903, he signed in March in La Paz a modus vivendi that ended war acts between Brazil and Bolivia; on 17 November 1903, the Treaty of Petrópolis set up new borders between Bolivia and Brazil. Plácido de Castro was appointed Prefect of Upper Acre in 1906. Murdered by his local enemies on 11 August 1908, Plácido de Castro was awarded the title of "Liberator of Acre", while his name was inscribed on 17 November 2004 on the Book of Acts of the Heroes of Motherland and Liberty Heroes in the Motherland Pantheon.
Ivan Sache, 4 August 2020
A rising north-south diagonal tricolour, red-white-green, with the
municipal arms in the centre.
Dirk Schönberger, 22 March 2012
The flag and arms of Santa Margarida do Sul are prescribed by
State Law No. 22 promulgated on 20 March 2001.
a) The coat of arms shall have the following characteristics
I. Five towers separated by a gate, gray, symbolizing the strength of the state in its historic formation and of people through union of races that aspire to progress, knowledge and emergence of a new struggling and enterprising race.
II. The blue sky, charged with small white clouds, above green fields and hills, as well as the crops, traditional like rice, soybean and maize and other plantations, represent the protection of the resources. It is also the proper presence of religious feeling in the municipality, tranquility, faith and future.
III. The animals represent the potential of cattle breeding, a regional tradition, the herds' resources and people's genuine pride.
IV. Attached to the shield, yellow wheat plants, the symbol of the main cereal, represents regionally produced food, symbolizing also other cereals.
V. The wheat plants tied by a red scroll inscribed with the name of the municipality of Santa Margarida do Sul, in bold black letters. Beneath, in smaller black letters on a white background, the date of municipal emancipation.
b) The flag shall have the following characteristics
I. The flag shall be in dimensions 1.60 m in length on 1.10 m in width, composed of three panels, green, white and red, representing fields, culture and sources of income.
II. The municipal coat of arms shall be placed in the center, with the aforementioned characteristics, forms and colors.
Leis Municipais database
Ivan Sache, 4 August 2020