Last modified: 2022-07-03 by ivan sache
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Flag of Bruyères-sur-Oise - Image by Olivier Touzeau, 28 September 2021
The municipality of Bruyères-sur-Oise (4,347 inhabitants in 2019; 891 ha) is located 35 km north of Paris.
Olivier Touzeau, 28 September 2021
The flag hoisted at the Town Hall of Bruyères-sur-Oise (photo) is white with the municipal coat of arms, "Quarterly, 1. Argent a porcupine sable, 2. Vert three garbs of wheat or, 3. Gules three cogwheels or, 4. Argent two fesses azur, the first charged with a barge or the second wavy reversed".
The arms were designed with the support of heraldist Jean-Paul de Gassowski. The National Heraldry Commission suggested a simplified design, but the municipality adopted on 12 November 1996 the original proposal.
The porcupine was borrowed, with permission, from the arms of the Maupeou lineage. Pierre I de Maupeou (d. 1608), ennobled on 12 January 1587, married Marguerite Laisné, dame of Bruyères; he was succeeded as the lord of Bruyères by his sons Pierre II de Maupeou (d. 1630) and René I de Maupeou (156!-1648). Pierre II's son, Pierre III de Maupeou (d. 1682), was created Viscount of Bruyères on 4 September 1657. The title of Viscount was then transferred to René I's elder sun, René II Charles de Maupeou (1612-1694). He was succeeded by René III de Maupeou (1657-1710), René IV Charles de Maupeou (1688-1775), René V Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou (1714-1792), and René VI Ange Augustin de Maupeou (1746-1794). The Bruyères; branch of the Maupeou lineage got extincted with the death of René VI Ange in jail.
René IV Charles de Maupeou served as First President of the Paris Parliament (1743-1757) and was appointed Vice Chancellor and Keeper of the Seals of France in 1763. Appointed Chancellor on 15 September 1768, he resigned the next day in favor of his son René V Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, also appointed Keeper of the Seals. Maupeou attempted to restrict the powers of the Parliaments, which constituted a frontal opposition to the king. After the Paris Parliament has repeatedly refused to gather, and therefore to validate the king's decisions, Maupeou convinced Louis XV, with the support of Madame du Barry, to arrest and exile its members, which was done on 20 January 1771. The jurisdiction of the Parliament was split into six components, the Parliament keeping only one of them, with very restricted power. In 1774, Louis XVI sacked Maupeou, who kept, however, the title of Chancellor until the suppression of the office in 1790, and re-established the old Parliaments.
The Maupeou family owned in Bruyères a castle built in Classical style and surrounded by a park modeled on Versailles; river Oise supplied water to several basins. During the French Revolution, a stock of coffee was found hidden in the castle, which prompted the demolition of the castle. A farm was built using the castle's stones; nothing has remained from the park but the castle's well and a small orchard.
[Racines et Histoire]
The arms of the Maupeou lineage, "Argent a porcupine sable" are shown in several parts of the Armorial Général:
- René de Maupeou, President at the First Inquiry Chamber [René III de Maupeou] (image);
- [Marie-]Anne de Maupeou (1676-1741), wife of Nicolas Prosper Baüyn d'Angervilliers (1675-1740; State Secretary of War, 1728-1740) (image);
- Augustin de Maupeou (1648-1712), a son of René II Charles de Maupeou; Bishop of Castres (1682) and Archbishop of Auch (1705) (image);
- René de Maupeou de Noisy, Captain at the Regiment of the French Guards (image, image);
- Gilles de Maupeou, Count of Ableiges (image); Gilles IV François de Maupeou (1647-1727) was created Count of Ableiges on 12 March 1692. The root of the Ableiges branch of the Maupeou lineage is Gilles I de Maupeou (1553-1641), Pierre I de Maupeou's junior brother.
- Marie de Maupeou, wife of Louis Phelypaux, Count of Pontchartrain (image, image); Marie de Maupeou (~1645-1714), daughter of Pierre III de Maupeou, married in 1668 Louis II Phélypeaux (1643-1727), Comptroller General of the Finances (1689-1699), State Secretary of the Navy (1690-1699), State Secretary of the King's House (1690-1699), and Chancellor of France (1699-1714).
The course of Oise was rectified / canalized in 1973, leaving a backwater meander and creating the Aubins island. Rectified Oise is represented by the fess argent while the meander is represented by the arched and reversed fess.
The wheat garbs and the cogwheels are usual symbol of agriculture and industry, respectively.
Olivier Touzeau & Ivan Sache, 2 October 2021
Other flag of Bruyères-sur-Oise, current and former versions - Images by Olivier Touzeau, 28 September 2021
The flag of Bruyères-sur-Oise, hoisted in the Champagne-sur-Oise traffic circle with the flags of the other municipalities of the Communauté de communes Haut-Val-d'Oise (photo), is white with the municipal coat of arms and the name of the municipality below, as "BRUYERES-SUR-OISE" (it should have been "BRUYÈRES-SUR-OISE"). The flag hoisted in the same place in 2016 (photo) had the name of the municipality written as "Bruyères sur Oise" (it should have been "Bruyères-sur-Oise").
Olivier Touzeau, 28 September 2021