Last modified: 2021-08-26 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: manabi | el carmen | carmen |
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image by Pascal Gross, 23 June 2000
The municipality of El Carmen (89,021 inhabitants in 2010; 124,500 ha) forms
the easternmost part of Manabí province. The municipality, formerly a parish
part of Chone, was established by a Decree adopted on 8 June 1967 by the
National Assembly and published on 3 July 1967 in the official gazette, No. 161.
It is composed of the urban parishes (46,362 inh.) of 4 de Diciembre (9 boroughs)
and El Carmen (81 boroughs), and of the rural parishes (150 communities) of San
Pedro de Suma and Wilfrido Loor Moreira (Malcito) (42,659 inh.).
El Carmen was established in the beginning of the 20th century. The population increased in the 1930s during the rubber boom. In 1951, colonists from Loja brought a statue of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, after whom the settlement was named.
El Carmen is known as the Manabí Golden Gate, being located on the road connecting the province to Quito, the national capital. The main source of income in the municipality is the cultivation of Barraganete bananas
Ivan Sache, 14 July 2018
The flag of El Carmen is horizontally divided yellow-red-green with a white
triangle placed along the hoist, charged with a red star.
Green and white, the colors of Manabí province, indicate fecundity, peace and purity. Yellow, red and blue have the same meaning as on the national flag. Red, white, yellow and blue are the colors of Chone, from which El Carmen separated.
The three stripes represent the three main nuclei of the municipality. Green represents La Esperanza (lit., Hope) and its communities. Red represents El Carmen, where tragic events occurred in 1966*. Yellow represents Malcito and its communities. The blue star represents the single parish at the time of establishment of the municipality, El Carmen. The white, equilateral triangle, represents justice and equity.
Source: Municipal website
*On 4 December 1966, a group of inhabitants of Chone marched against the present-day's territory of El Carmen, then disputed between the Manabí and Pichincha provinces. A young student, Very Loor Zambrano, was killed by the police; on their way back to Chone, another 36 people were killed in a traffic accident.
Source: Chone municipal website
Ivan Sache, 14 July 2018
image from members.es.tripod.de/Manabiporcantones/elcarmen.html (defunct), located by Pascal Gross, 23 June 2000