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Grafenau City (Germany)

Stadt Grafenau, Landkreis Freyung-Grafenau, Bayern

Last modified: 2022-07-30 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: grafenau | demi-bear | wall(embattled) | chief(lozengy) |
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[Grafenau city banner] 5:2 image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 24 July 2022
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Grafenau City

Grafenau Banner

It is a yellow-white vertical bicolour. The coat of arms is shifted towards the top.
Source: this online catalogue
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 24 July 2022

Grafenau Coat of Arms

Shield Or an embattled wall issuant Argent in bend, a demi-bear Sable tongued Gules leaning on the embattlement by his forepaws, chief lozengy of Argent and Azure.
Grafenau had been a market town already before 1300. The rights of a city were granted in 1376 by the Landgraves of Leuchtenberg. The embattled wall is symbolising the fortified character of the city. The bear is a canting element of the Lordship of Bärnstein, to which Grafenau belonged. The chief displays the lozengy arms of the Wittelsbach kin. The current pattern appeared first on a city seal from 1510. In the 16th and 18th century the bear was sometimes displayed passant on top of the wall. The tinctures changed frequently until the 20th century.
Source: Stadler 1965, p.63
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 24 July 2022

The banner has never been approved officially. The arms were granted on 3 February 1508 by Duke Friedrich of Pfalz-Neuburg.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 24 July 2022

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