Last modified: 2020-08-02 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | nova santa rita |
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image by Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020
The municipality of Nova Santa Rita (22,450 inhabitants in 2017; 21,787 ha)
is located 20 km north of Porto Alegre.
Nova Santa Rita was established around a chapel erected on plot offered on 11 February 1884 by Justino Batista and his wife, Rita Carolina Martins. The chapel was dedicated to St. Rita of Cascia.
Elevated in the early 20th century as the 6th district of São Sebastião do Caí, Nova Santa Rita was transferred on 28 June 1939 to the newly established municipality of Canoas, as its 2nd district, with seat at Berto Cirio.
After a failed attempt in 1987, the municipal emancipation was accepted by 64% of the voters in a plebiscite organized on 10 November 1991. The municipality of Nova Santa Rita was established by State Law No. 9,585 promulgated on 20 March 1992.
Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020
The flag and arms of Nova Santa Rita are prescribed by
Municipal Law No. 18 promulgated on 29 June 1993.
A shield in Portuguese style, inherited by Brazilian heraldry, featuring dexter a sun or on a sky azure, hills vert, separated from the shield's center by a river azure; in the center, an image of St. Rita, patron of the municipality, argent and sable, sinister an European bovine argent, melons vert and or, the helmet of Mercury (a god of Greek mythology) and a cogwheel sable, superimposed with three industrial chimneys and cement packs argent. The shield supported by two rice plants vert and or tied by a scroll gules inscribed with the toponym "NOVA SANTA RITA - 20.03.1992". The shield surmounted by a crown argent and gules.
The shape of the coat of arms of the municipality of Nova Santa Rita is based on Portuguese heraldry, the origin of Brazilian heraldry, with a symbolism artistically elaborated with a mystic and allegoric rigor in shapes and dimensions prescribed by usual heraldry. The colors obey the following technical and codification: Or (gold) is a symbol of force and wealth; azure (blue), of beauty; argent (silver), of history and nobleness; gules (red) represents honor and justice; sable (black), prudence; and vert, natural environment.
The coat of arms features dexter a sun or on a sky azure, hills vert, representing novelty, rebirth, life, and the region's topography; the fess wavy blue represents the rivers watering the municipal territory. The image of St. Rita represents religious feeling and a tribute to the town's patron saint and namesake. Sinister, the bovine represents expanding cattle-breeding; the melons represent agriculture, Nova Santa Rita being the state's first producer of melons. The cement packs are a reference to industry; the cogwheel surmounted by Mercury's helmet, is a universal symbol of Industry and Commerce.
The green outlines are a symbol of natural environment, crops and agriculture in clear development.
The rice plants used as supporters are basic products of the municipality's fields in clear development. The scroll gules represents protection. The three-towered mural crown represents the three powers, Executive, Legislative and Judiciary, and a town of third rank, seat of a municipality.
The flag shall use the main colors of the municipal flag in the following dimensions:
[No description of the flag's design is given]
Leis Municipais database
Not an easy guess, the flag is diagonally divided blue-white-red by a broad white diagonal stripe running from the upper hoist to the lower fly.
Melon cultivation covers 85 ha in Nova Santa Rita, yielding every year 1,700 tons of fruit, that is, 20 t/ha. The most cultivated variety is Gaúcho melon, planted in June to August and harvested in November and December. Cantaloupe melon is also grown, with a later plantation (December and January) and a much shorter development cycle, which allows harvesting 60 to 65 days after planting.
Most melon production is family-managed by 45 farmers; melons are sold to Porto Alegre central market (Central de Abastecimento de Porto Alegre - CESAS- and to supermarket networks.
Ivan Sache, 1 August 2020