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Jaguarão, Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil)

Last modified: 2020-07-25 by ian macdonald
Keywords: rio grande do sul | jaguarão |
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Jaguarão, RS (Brazil) image by Ivan Sache, 19 July 2020

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The municipality of Jaguarão (28,230 inhabitants in 2016, 20,544 ha) is located on the border with Uruguay, here river Jaguarão, 400 km south-east of Porto Alegre.

Jaguarão was established in 1802 as a military camp, where 260 soldiers formed the Guarda do Serrito e da Lagoia, watching the border with the Spanish possessions. The parish of Espírito Santo de Jaguarão was established in 1812. The municipality of Jaguarão was established in 1832 and inaugurated the next year.
Elevated in 1855 to the rank of "cidade", Jaguarão was besieged in 1865 by 1,500 assaulters commanded by the Uruguayan general Basílio Muñoz. Outnumbered but equipped with cannons, the defenders of the town forced the besiegers to withdraw. The town was awarded with the name of "Heroic Town".
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 19 July 2020


The flag of Jaguarão is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 584 promulgated on 7 November 1964.

Article 1.
Rectangular flag, vertically divided in three rectangles, green 6 units on 14 units in width, yellow (or), 8 units on 14 units in width, and red, 6 units on 14 units in width, recalling the colors of the flag of Rio Grande do Sul. On the yellow (or) rectangle, the municipal coat of arms of Jaguarão, as described in Law No. 239 promulgated on 26 August 1955.
Leis Municipais database

The coat of arms of Jaguarão is prescribed by Municipal Law No. 239 promulgated on 26 August 1955.

Article 1.
A Portuguese shield, per fess argent and vert.
In chief, on a field argent, a jaguar gules (red), in base, on a field vert (green), river Jaguarão argent wavy proper. The shield surmounted by a four-towered mural crown argent. Beneath the shield a scroll gules inscribed "Jaguarão - CIDADE HERÓICA" in letters argent.
Leis Municipais database

Jagua-ru is a beast described in natives' legend as a monstrous animal with a sea wolf's body and a tiger's head and claw, of the approximate size of a deer or a small horse. The beast used to make excavations in ravines close to the banks where people lived, causing landslides that threw down people into the river. The beast attacked them, extracting their lungs and throwing the remaining parts of the bodies into the river. Jagua-ru resisted all attempts of capture and trapping, and still lives in people's imagination.
Municipal website


Image by A.A Borges. Blog Memorial Heráldico e Vexilológico Municipal Brasileiro>

Ivan Sache, 19 July 2020