Last modified: 2022-03-05 by ian macdonald
Keywords: brazil | parana | jandaia do sul | parakeet | axe |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors
7:10 image by Joseph McMillan
The municipality of Jandaia do Sul (21,122 inhabitants in 2018; 18,760 ha) is
located 400 km north-west of Curitiba.
Jandaia do Sul was established in 1942 by Companhia de Terras Norte do Paraná in the New North during the coffee boom.
The district of Jandaia was established in 1949, to be elevated a municipality by State Law No. 790 promulgated on 14 December 1951, separating from Apucarana. The municipality was inaugurated on 14 December 1952.
Jandai is named for the janday parakeet, _Artinga jandaya_ Gmelin (1788), locally known as "jandaia".
Do Sul (Southern) was added to the municipality's name for the sake of differentiation from the municipality of Jandaia, located in the state of Goiás.
The flag and arms of Jandaia do Sul are prescribed by Municipal Law No. 752 promulgated on 5 May 1972.
The municipal Flag of Jandaia do Sul, designed by heraldist Arcinóe Antônio Peixoto de Faria, shall be divided per saltire in green quarters composed by four white stripes superimposed with copper-red stripes, arranged two by two in bend and bend sinister, starting from a central white circle inscribing the municipal coat of arms.
§1. In compliance with the tradition of Portuguese heraldry, whose canons and rules were inherited, municipal flags shall be divided into eight, six, four or three parts, using the colors of the field of the coat of arms, and displaying in the center or at hoist a geometric figure inscribing the municipal coat of arms.
§2. The municipal flag of Jandaia do Sul obeys this general rule, being quartered in saltire [redundant description skipped].
§3. The coat of arms applied to the flag, represents the municipal government while the white circle inscribing it represents the town as the seat of the municipality; the circle is a symbol of eternity, because it is a geometrical figure that has no beginning and no end; the white color symbolizes peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity, and religious spirit. The white stripes superimposed with red stripes, which start from the central circle and quarter the flag, represent the spread of the municipal power to all parts of the territory; the red color symbolizes patriotic love, dedication, audacity, intrepidity, courage, and bravery. The green quarters thus constituted represent the rural properties existing in the municipal territory; the green color is a symbol of honor, civility, courtesy, abundance, joy and hope; hope is green, because it recalls greening fields in spring promising a profuse harvest.
In compliance with the heraldic rules, the municipal flag shall have the official dimensions prescribed for the national flag, 14 units in width on 20 units in length.
The coat of arms of Jandaia do Sul, heraldically revised by heraldist Acides Antônio Peixoto de Faria, is described in heraldry language as follows.
A Samnite shield, surmounted by a six-towered mural crown argent. A field argent charged in the center with a janday parakeet, with wings spread and pulled on a branch gules leaved vert. The chief cantonned with two axes sable in base a plow of the same.
The shield supported dexter and sinister by coffee branches fructed proper crossed in base and superimposed by a scroll gules containing the toponym "JANDAIA DO SUL" in letters argent flanked by years "1942" and "1952".
The coat of arms has the following symbolic interpretation:
a) The Samnite shield used to represent the arms of Jandaia do Sul was the first style of shield introduced in Portugal by French influence, inherited by Brazilian heraldry as evocative of the colonizing race and the main builder of the nation.
b) The mural crown that surmounts it is the universal symbol of domains' coats of arms; argent (silver), with six towers, only four of them visible in perspective view, it classifies a 3rd rank town, that is, the seat of a municipality.
c) Argent (silver) is the heraldic symbol of peace, friendship, work, prosperity, purity, and religious spirit.
d) The jandya parakeet (green parakeet with a yellow beak) makes the arms canting, as the origin of the name of the town.
e) Vert (green) is the symbol of honor, civility, courtesy, abundance and joy, while gules (red) symbolizes dedication, patriotic love, intrepidity, audacity, courage, and valiance.
f) The axes sable (black) in chief (upper part of the shield) represent clearing and colonization of the ubiquitous lands of North Paraná, promoted by the then Companhia de Terras Norte do Paraná, today Companhia Melhoramentos Norte do Paraná, who conceived and executed the gigantic plan for clearing and colonizing the region, which earned it the nickname "Town Planter", including the town of Jandaia do Sul.
g) The plow sable (black) in base (the point of the shield) indicates that the municipality's income is based on agriculture, thanks to the exuberance of the land.
h) Sable (black) is a symbol of fertility, prudence, wisdom, moderation, and austerity.
i) The fructed coffee branches represent the main product of the generous and fertile land.
j) The toponym "Jandaia do Sul" is inscribed on the scroll gules (red) in letters argent (silver), flanked by the years, "1942" for its foundation, and "1952" for its political emancipation.
Leis Municipais database
Ivan Sache, 3 February 2022