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Pergamino District (Argentina)

Last modified: 2021-12-23 by rob raeside
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[Flag of Pergamino] image by Miguel Carrillo Bascary, 20 September 2019
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About Pergamino

The municipality of Pergamino (104,590 inhabitants in 2010; 30,100 ha) is located on the border with the Province of Santa Fe, 265 km north-west of Buenos Aires and 120 km south of Rosario. The municipality is composed of the town of Pergamino (91,399 inh.), of the 12 rural villages of J. A. de la Peña, Acevedo, Guerrico, La Violeta, Fontezuela, Urquiza, Pinzón, Alfonzo, Manuel Ocampo, El Socorro, Mariano Benítez and Rancagua (all together, 9,482 inh.), and another 3,709 scattered inhabitants.

Pergamino emerged without any official foundation document. The place was first mentioned, as La Dormida del Pergamino, in a document of the government dated 1626. The settlement was probably established between 1586 ans 1600, when traffic between Buenos Aires and Upper Peru increased. Located at the junction of roads headed to Buenos Aires, Córdoba and Tucumán, and Cuyo, the village was a convenient place of overnight ("dormida") for travelers, muleteers and shepherds.

Pergamino was proclaimed a town ("ciudad") on 23 October 1897. The origin of the town's name, lit. "parchment", is obscure. Pastor Obligado refers to the finding of rolls of parchment and books filled with parchments. Eliseo Tello ("Toponimia Indígena Bonaerense") refers to the Araucanian words "Perca-minú", meaning "colored earth". José Soiza Reille believes that the name was coined by the grocer's sons, who found a parchment indicating, in a hardly legible way, the location of a treasure made of gold coins. The text contained indeed moral recommendations but the travelers called the grocery the Parchment's Grocery for the sake of differentiation from other shops. In the 1970Z, the "official" etymology of Pergamino claimed that leather was tanned there for the first time in the region.
Municipal website

Ivan Sache, 20 September 2019

Description of the flag

The flag of Pergamino is prescribed by Order No. 8,952, issued in 23 October 2018 by the Municipal Council. The flag, designed by Laura Baldomá, was selected in a public contest prescribed in 2016 by Ordinance No. 8,415.

The flag is horizontally divided celestial blue-white, a reference to the horizon that allows "legibility and impacts of the icons" charging the flag in the center: a cog wheel representing industry and also mimicking the sun; the silhouette of a town; "the pen that wrote history that provides culture to a village"; and, in base, a field characterized by the most important crop in the area, maize.; the whole design symbolizes work, culture and progress. The icons are placed on a white map of Pergamino with a golden yellow border, recalling the alleged etymology of Pergamino ("parchment").
Banderas de Argentina y de todo el mundo, 10 November 2018


Ivan Sache, 20 September 2019

Flag proposals

[Flag of Laprida] image by Ivan Sache, 20 September 2019

Proposal No. 2 was submitted by Taller Protegido (Protected Workshop), as "Camino a la Felicitad" (Way to Happiness).

The lower, green stripe represents the fertile and extended plains; it is also a symbol of the commitment of the inhabitants of Laprida to ecology. The upper, green stripe represents the wide sky over the place. The horizontal, white line is a symbol of the stainless horizon. The "guarda pampa" [symmetric design found on Mapuche clothes] is a symbol of the gaucho and rural traditions. The vertical, gray and white stripes represents Salamone's Art Deco architecture, whose verticality massively emerges from the landscape's horizontality. The sun rays and the wheat spikes represents the protection supplied by the national sun, abundance and the prosperity of the land.

[Flag of Laprida] image by Ivan Sache, 20 September 2019

Proposal No. 3 was submitted by Club Atlético Lilán.

The design uses the colors of the flag of the Province of Buenos Aires, as a symbol of regional belonging. The linear silhouette represents the municipal building (see,_la_fuente_y_el_palacio.JPG?uselang=es), as a reference to Salamone and his works, so significant for the town. The tower is charged with the symbol of recycling, to highlight an ecological town committed to the valorization of the natural environment. The water drops represents the natural environment, the lake and the spa, which are the center of several sports, culture and tourist activities all the year round. The drops are shaped like the "islands" placed in the center of the swimming pool, of the El Paraiso complex (see The sun symbolizes the town's energy while the sunflower represents production and work.

[Flag of Laprida] image by Ivan Sache, 20 September 2019

Proposal No. 4 was submitted by the Sociedad de Fomento de San Jorge (San Jorge Development Society).

The flag's background uses two main colors: a quiet celestial blue stripe symbolizes the sky covering a natural green stripe, representing the immense pampa plain from which Laprida and San Jorge emerged. The connecting white line highlight the horizon's flat profile. In the center, the white silhouette of the municipality of Laprida is charged with the abstract and geometric representation of Francisco Salamone's fountain (see,_la_fuente_y_el_palacio.JPG), which serves as the town's central axis and square, surrounded by three big figures:
- green arrows, symbolizing commitment for the environment, recycling, re-use and reduction of contamination, for which the town is recognized as a regional pioneer;
- a wheat spike, as a symbol of production and work, grown in the plants since the time of early immigration;
- curved silhouettes of different colors, which dilute the rigid border of the circular figure. They symbolize each of us, plurality, diversity, and, above all, respect. The figures harmoniously twirl, completing the central twirl, as the abstraction of a united community heading to its future.
Oh!Laprida, 15 September 2019
Oh!Laprida, 29 August 2019
Oh!Laprida, 16 August 2019

Ivan Sache, 20 September 2019