This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Sweden and Norway (1815)

Last modified: 2014-05-29 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: sweden and norway | scandinavian cross | naval rank flags |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



See also:


The First Union Flags - 1815

In the negotiations with Sweden over the union, Norway retained the right to fly a merchant flag of its own, while accepting that the war ensign was to be a union flag. In March and April 1815 the King of Norway and Sweden decided that the union war ensign was to be the Swedish war ensign (blue field, yellow Scandinavian cross, swallowtail and tongue) with the addition of a white saltire on red in the upper hoist corner. The canton in red and white was to represent Norway. This union war ensign (also used on land as war flag) was to be used in the navies of both countries and was to be hoisted for the first time 6 June 1815. It was used until 1844 when separate ensigns were introduced for the two navies.

At the same time, a set of command flags were introduced. These were also based on existing Swedish flags, only adding the red canton with the white saltire. They were identical for both navies. Admirals had the war ensign with three dark blue disks set one over two in the centre of the cross. Vice-admirals had two disk side by side, while rear-admirals had a single disk. Commodores, as commanders of squadrons had a dark blue over dark yellow pennant (about 1:3 in the picture in the 1836 saluting instructions) with the white saltire on red set on the upper half near the hoist. Commanders of an escadrille or unit that were not commodores had a dark yellow saltire next to the white saltire on red in the commissioning pennant. The commissioning pennant was swallow-tailed, dark blue over dark yellow with the red and white emblem in the upper half next to the hoist.

The proportions differ between the two sources, the flags are much shorter in Beutlich than in the Navy instructions. I have made my images closer to the instructions. The colours are usually dark yellow and dark blue, while red is standard red.

REFERENCES:

Salutreglement saavel for Rigets Flaader, Escadrer, Orlogsfartöier som Faestninger, Christiania, 1936
Beutlich, F: "Flag og kommandotegn", in C. Sparre (ed): Norges sjöforsvar 1814-1914, Kristiania, 1914
Kannik, Preben: All verdens flagg, Oslo, 1956
Sundt, Trygve: "Norske orlogs og kommandotegn siden 1814", Norsk tidsskrift for sjövesen, Vol. 50, 1932, pp. 518-529
Jan Oskar Engene, 9 February 1997

War Flag

[1815 War Flag] image by Jan Oskar Engene


Admiral

[Flag of Admiral 1815] image by Željko Heimer

The War Ensign defaced with three blue balls in the crossing point of the cross.
Željko Heimer, 13 July 2002

As for dates, 1816 is probably the earliest year for these flags (including No 6. Commodore), possibly these flags were even established at a later date, I am not sure because the earliest primary document I have found is the 1836 navy flag regulations. Interestingly, the 1836 navy flag regulations show the flags of admirals with rectangular panels on the hoist side of the flag. I suppose this indicates that at the time there were less concern for specific proportions and construction details than there is today.
Jan Oskar Engene, 17 July 2002


Vice Admiral

[Flag of Vice Admiral] image by Željko Heimer

The War Ensign defaced with two blue balls in the crossing point of the cross.
Željko Heimer, 13 July 2002


As for dates, 1816 is probably the earliest year for these flags (including No 6. Commodore), possibly these flags were even established at a later date, I am not sure because the earliest primary document I have found is the 1836 navy flag regulations. Interestingly, the 1836 navy flag regulations show the flags of admirals with rectangular panels on the hoist side of the flag. I suppose this indicates that at the time there were less concern for specific proportions and construction details than there is today.
Jan Oskar Engene, 17 July 2002


Rear Admiral

[Flag of Rear Admiral 1815] image by Željko Heimer

The War Ensign defaced with a blue ball in the crossing point of the cross.
Željko Heimer, 13 July 2002


As for dates, 1816 is probably the earliest year for these flags (including No 6. Commodore), possibly these flags were even established at a later date, I am not sure because the earliest primary document I have found is the 1836 navy flag regulations. Interestingly, the 1836 navy flag regulations show the flags of admirals with rectangular panels on the hoist side of the flag. I suppose this indicates that at the time there were less concern for specific proportions and construction details than there is today.
Jan Oskar Engene, 17 July 2002


Commodore

[Flag of Commodore, 1815] image by Željko Heimer

Blue over yellow traingular pennant with red canton bearing white saltire.
Željko Heimer, 13 July 2002

As for dates, 1816 is probably the earliest year for these flags (including No 6. Commodore), possibly these flags were even established at a later date, I am not sure because the earliest primary document I have found is the 1836 navy flag regulations.

Interestingly, the 1836 navy flag regulations show the flags of admirals with rectangular panels on the hoist side of the flag. I suppose this indicates that at the time there were less concern for specific proportions and construction details than there is today.
Jan Oskar Engene, 17 July 2002


Commander of a Squadron

[Flag of commander of a squadron]
image by Željko Heimer


Commissioning Pennant

[1815 Commissioning Pennant]
image by Željko Heimer

Masthead pennant blue over yellow, swallow tailed (indentation reaching 1/3 of length) with red square canton containing white saltire.
Željko Heimer, 28 July 2002