- PRATIQUE FLAG
- See ‘quarantine flag’.
- PRAYER FLAG
- A small, sometimes triangular flag, often used in groups and decorated with inscriptions, intended
to express a prayer as it flies – characteristic of Hinduism, Buddhists in the Himalayan
region and of a related Chinese sect (see also ‘Buddhist flag’,
Hindu, Vietnamese and Chinese Buddhist Prayer Flags (fotw & Tomislav Todorovic)
- The system often regulated by law, of placing flags, emblems or coats of arms
for a display or ceremony in order of importance – for more details see
‘rules of etiquette’ and
‘position of honour’ (also
‘flag code’ and
- A term that relates to European flags which do not contain any elements derived
from heraldry and/or which pre-date the introduction of heraldic symbolism. (see also
‘dragon flag 1)’,
The Oriflamme of Pre-Heraldic and Medieval France (fotw);
Cavalry Flag c1150, Spain (fotw);
Royal Standard of Ramiro I c845, Asturias (fotw)
- PREPARATIVE (or PREPARATIVE FLAG/PENNANT)
- In British RN usage and in some others, the signal flag hoisted before a message
is sent and hauled down after that message has been completed (see also ‘hoist 2)’
flag’) – but see note below (also ‘code pennant’ with its following note,
‘distinction pennant 1)’
and ‘Marryat&r#39;s code’).
Preparatives: Howe&r#39;s and Popham&r#39;s Codes 1790 - 1810, UK; Marryat&r#39;s Commercial Service Code of 1817, UK; Naval Code of 1889, UK; Current Naval Code, UK/NATO
Please note that this flag was originally introduced in Howe&r#39;s code of 1790 to indicate that the following message was not to be obeyed immediately, but only when the preparatory was again raised and lowered, and
that the term has also been used to describe a “telegraph flag” in Popham&r#39;s code of 1799
– see ‘telegraph flag’.
- PREPARATORY FLAG
- Flag P (Papa) in the International Code of Signal Flags hoisted to indicate
the imminent start of a yacht or dinghy race (see also ‘blue peter’,
‘international code of signal flags’,
‘race signals’ and
Signal Flag P (Papa) (CS)
- In UK usage and in some others, the term for a ceremony at which a regiment (or other
unit) is presented with its colour or colours (see also
‘colour 2)’ and
Presentation of a King's Colour to the Royal Navy by HM King George VI in 1939
- PRESIDENTIAL ARMS (or PRESIDENTIAL COAT OF ARMS)
- 1) See ‘state arms 1)’ under ‘arms’
(also ‘presidential standard’).
- 2) Those arms, usually differing slightly from any state versions, which symbolize the office of president.
Presidential/State Arms/Presidential Flag, Trinidad and Tobago (fotw;
Presidential Arms/Flag, Lithuania (fotw)
- PRESIDENTIAL (or PRESIDENT’S) COLOUR (or COLOR)
- 1) See ‘colour 2)’ and
- 2) In largely US usage, a term for the distinguishing flag of a president
when displayed indoors, or on parade when it is invariably fringed (see
‘presidential standard’ below).
President's Colour of the Air Force, Sri Lanka (fotw);
President’s Colour (Obverse & Reverse), India (fotw)
- PRESIDENTIAL DECREE
- In some republican usage the legal means by which a head of state authorizes display of a flag or the
amendment of an established design, and the equivalent to a US Executive Order or Royal Order in Council –
see ‘executive order’ ‘royal decree’ and
‘royal order in council 2)’
(also ‘flag law’).
State Flag of Bolivia as Regulated by Presidential Decree (fotw);
Naval Jack of Kazakhstan introduced by Presidential Decree (fotw),
Presidential Flag of Greece prescribed by Presidential Decree
- PRESIDENTIAL SASH
- See ‘sash 1)’.
Presidential Sash of Colombia (fotw)
- PRESIDENTIAL STANDARD (or FLAG)
- That flag which symbolizes the office of president in a republican system
of government, often (but no means exclusively) a defaced or decorated version of the national flag (see
also ‘deface 1)’,
‘distinguishing jack 2)’,
‘presidential arms’ and
Presidential Standard of USA (fotw); Presidential Standard
of Chile (fotw); Presidential Standard of
Presidential Flag of Russia (fotw); Presidential Standard of
Croatia (fotw); Presidential Flag of
- PRETENTIOUS FLAG
- See ‘flag of pretence 1)’.
Naval Ensign of Bolivia (fotw)
- PRIAPIC IN ITS VIRILITY
- A phrase sometimes used in heraldic blazoning when the male member of an animal is shown erect and in
a different tincture to its body – villené, vilene or viriled (see also
Flag of Appenzell, Switzerland (fotw)
- PRINCELY BONNET (CORONET or HAT)
- See ‘coronet 2)’.
Princely Bonnet/Coronet (Wikipedia); National Flag of Liechtenstein bearing a Princely Bonnet (fotw)
- PRINCEFLAG (PRINCE FLAG, PRINCE’S FLAG, PRINSENVLAG or PRINZENVLAG)
- The name originally applied to the orange-white-blue horizontal tricolour that was the first
pattern of Dutch national flag, the driekleur, and in use from c1575 – c1654/1660 – the prinsenvlag
or prinzenvlag (see also
‘Dutch colours 1)’,
National Flag of the Netherlands c1575 – c1654/1660 (CS)
Please note, evidence indicates that until the late 18th
Century the terms prinsenflag or prinzenvlag were sometimes also applied to the
- PRIVATE SHIP
- In British RN and some other naval usage, a vessel in commission that does
not fly the flag of a flag officer or broad pennant of a commodore (see also
‘flag of command’,
‘masthead pennant 1)’).
- PRIVATE SIGNAL
- 1) See ‘call sign’ and
‘call sign hoist’.
- 2) See ‘house flag 3)’.
- 3) A naval term, now obsolete, for a confidential signal used by ships of
the same navy to verify each other's identity (see also
‘make her number’ and
- The term for a merchant vessel, or for the crew of such a vessel, holding a licence (or letter of marque)
from its government which entitled that vessel, or its crew, to attack the property of those countries
with whom they were at war - a practice now obsolete - corsair(s) - see
‘privateer ensign’ and ‘privateer jack’.
A French Privateer attacking a British East Indiaman 1800 (Wikipedia)
Please note that possession of a letter of marque (and/or reprisal) also entitled
the holder and/or his crew to be treated as prisoners of war rather than face execution
if captured - which was (and in some cases still is) the legal punishment for piracy on
the high seas (see also ‘jolly roger 1))’).
- PRIVATEER ENSIGN (or PRIVATEERING ENSIGN)
- In Spanish usage and some others, now obsolete, a special ensign prescribed for vessels engaged
in privateering – a corsair ensign – see ‘privateer(s)’ and
‘privateer jack’ (also
‘ensign 1)’ and
‘jolly roger 1)’).
Privateer Ensign, Spain 1820 (fotw); Privateer Ensign Proposal 1819, Austria-Hungary (Fame)
- PRIVATEER JACK (or PRIVATEERING JACK)
- In English then UK usage, now obsolete, a special jack prescribed for vessels engaged in privateering and flown
from 1694 until 1856 – the distinction jack
or budgee jack see ‘privateer(s)’
and ‘privateer ensign’ (also
‘union jack 2)’).
Privateer Jack Until 1694-1801, England/UK (CS);
Privateer Jack 1801 – 1856, UK (fotw and CS)
- PRIZE FLAG
- A special flag flown by a yacht that has won a race (see also ‘preparatory
flag’, ‘race signals’ and ‘racing