This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Dictionary of Vexillology: P (Per Bend - Phrygian Cap)

Last modified: 2017-11-11 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



On this page:


PER BEND
1) In heraldry the term used when a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof is divided diagonally from top left to bottom right across its field (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘bend’, ‘in bend’, ‘party’ and ‘quartering 1)’).
2) In vexillology the term is sometimes used in place of in bend or bendwise when an object, charge or charges are placed as above (see also ‘armigerous’, ‘descending diagonal 2)’, ‘bicolour 1)’ and ‘crown of rue’).

Mayor of Paris House Flag of Bos & Kalis House Flag of Bos & Kalis House Flag of Bos & Kalis House Flag of Bos & Kalis
Flag of the Mayor of Paris, France (fotw); House Flag of BosKalis NV, The Netherlands (fotw); National Arms of Bosnia-Herzegovina (fotw); Flag and Arms of Thurgau, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)


PER BEND SINISTER
1) In heraldry the term used when a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof is divided diagonally from bottom left to top right across its field (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘bend sinister’, ’in bend sinister’, ‘party’ and ‘quartering 1)’).
2) In vexillology the term is sometimes used in place of in bend sinister or bendwise sinister when an object, charge or charges are placed as above - but see ‘ascending diagonal 2)’ (also ‘bicolour 1)’).

Anarcho-feminists, Germany Nehodív, Czech Republic Nehodív, Czech Republic Nehodív, Czech Republic Västergötland, Sweden
Flag of the Anarcho-Feminists, Germany (fotw); Arms and Flag of Nehodív, Czech Republic (fotw); Arms an Flag of Västergötland, Sweden (Wikipedia & fotw)


PER CHEVRON
The heraldic term used when the divisions on a shield or banner of arms, or a series of charges thereon, appear to form a triangle, sometimes embowed and generally (although not invariably) with the apex upward – but see ‘pile 1)’ and ‘pile 2)’ plus the following note (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘chapé’, ‘chevron 2)’, ‘embowed’, ‘party’ and ‘reversed 2)’).

Alberton, South Africa Alberton, South Africa flag - Neu Wulmstorf, Germany Arms - Koprivnica-Krizevci, Croatia Flag - Koprivnica-Krizevci, Croatia
Flag of Alberton, South Africa (fotw); Arms and Flag of Neu Wulmstorf, Germany (Wikipedia & fotw); Arms and Flag of Koprivnica-Krizevci, Croatia (fotw).

Please note that the difference between a shield or a banner of arms that is divided “per chevron” and one showing a “pile reversed” is not always clear, and it is suggested that the note following ‘per pile’ and a glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for further details.


PER CHEVRON EMBOWED (ARCHED or ENARCHED)
In heraldry see per chevron,

Seftigen, Switzerland Seftigen, Switzerland
Flag of Seftigen, Switzerland (fotw & Wikipedia)


PER COMPLEMENT
In heraldry see ‘moon 2)’ with following note.

Ivanychi, Ukraine Ivanychi, Ukraine
Flag and Arms of Ivanychi, Ukraine (fotw)


PER FESS
1) In heraldry the term used when a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof is divided horizontally (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘fess’, ‘in fess’, party and ‘quartering 1)’).
2) In vexillology the term is sometimes also used in place of in fess or fesswise when an object, charge or charges, appear in a horizontal position.

Medalpad, Sweden Recica ob Savinji, Croatia
Flag of Medalpad, Sweden (fotw); Arms of Recica ob Savinji, Croatia (fotw)


PER PALE
1) In heraldry the term used when a shield, a banner of arms or any quartering thereof is divided vertically (see also ‘banner of arms’, ‘in pale’, ‘pale’, ‘party’ and ‘quartering 1)’).
2) In vexillology the term is sometimes also used in place of in pale or palewise when an object, charge or charges, appear in a vertical position (see also ‘palewise 2)’).

Argau, Switzerland West Flanders, Belgium
Flag of Aargau, Switzerland (fotw); Flag of West Flanders, Belgium (fotw)


PER PALL
In heraldry the term used when the division lines on a shield, banner of arms or flag are arranged in the form a pall – see ‘in pall’ and ‘pall 2)’.

per pall per pall per pall
Flag of Fenin-Vilars-Saules, Switzerland (fotw); Flag and Arms of Olexandria, Ukraine (fotw


PER PILE
See ‘pile 2)’ and the following note.

per pile example per pile example
Flag of Stockholm lan, Sweden (fotw); Arms of Werdohl, Germany (fotw)

Please note that this term should always be used with a further description, for example, “tierced (or party) per pile reversed” or “tierced/party per pile reversed embowed” – see ‘embowed’, ‘party’, ‘per chevron’ with its following note, ‘reversed 2)’ and ‘tiercé’.


PER SALTIRE
1) In heraldry the term used when the division lines on a shield, banner of arms or flag run in a diagonal fashion from the upper corners - saltirewise - but see note below (also ‘banner of arms’, ‘in saltire’, ‘party’, and ‘saltire’).
2) In vexillology the term is sometimes also used in place of in saltire or saltirewise when two separate objects or charges cross each other diagonally - but see note below (also ‘orthogonal’ and ‘quartered diagonally’).

Aragua, Venezuela Lubenice, Czech Republic
Flag of Aragua, Venezuela (fotw); Flag of Lubenice, Czech Republic (fotw)

Please note with that the standard vexillological term for a flag divided per saltire is “quartered diagonally” as referenced in 2) above.


PERSONAL FLAG
1) In UK usage, a fringed plain royal blue flag bearing in its centre a crowned and garlanded ‘E’, and used by HM The Queen when paying official visits abroad to those countries of which she is not head of state but see note below (also ‘garland’, ‘monogram’, ‘royal cipher 1)’ and ‘royal standard’).
2) See ‘banner of arms’.
3) A flag intended by the designer for his personal use or that of his family (see also ‘house flag 3)’).
4) In US naval usage, a term for denoting an officer's rank – see ‘flag of command’ (also ‘distinguishing flag 3)’, ‘individual flag’ and ‘rank flag 1)’).

[a personal standard]  [a personal standard]  [a personal standard]
Personal Flag of HM The Queen, UK (Graham Bartram); Personal Flag of Terence Martin, US (fotw); Personal/Rank Flag of an Admiral, USN (fotw)

Please note that the various flags used by HM The Queen (of Great Britain) when visiting a Commonwealth country of which she is head of state are also officially described as personal flags, but must also be considered as the royal standards of the countries concerned (see also ‘royal standard’ and ‘standard 1)’).

[a personal standard]
Personal Flag/Royal Standard for use in New Zealand (Graham Bartram)


PETRA SANCTA METHOD
See ‘hatching 1)’.

petra sancta
From left: Gules, Azure, Vert. Purpure, Sable, Or and Argent


PHOENIX
A mythical bird which is generally seen rising from the flames of its own destruction, and is usually intended to symbolise re-birth through strife (see also ‘heraldic beasts’).

phoenix example phoenix example phoenix example phoenix example phoenix example phoenix example
Arms and Flag of Udbina, Croatia (fotw); Seal and Flag of Atlanta, Georgia USA (fotw and heraldry of the world); Emblem and Flag of Arenas del Rey, Spain (Klaus-Michael Schneider & J Erbez)


PHOINIKIS
See ‘semeion’.

PHRYGIAN CAP
See ‘cap of liberty’.

[Phrygian cap]  [Phrygian cap]
Flag and Emblem of San Juan, Argentina (fotw)


Introduction | Table of Contents | Index of Terms | Previous Page | Next Page