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Dictionary of Vexillology: H (Head - Hissflagge)

Last modified: 2017-10-18 by rob raeside
Keywords: vexillological terms |
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HEAD
See ‘hoist 1)’ (also ‘heading’ and ‘masthead’).

HEAD, FLAGSTAFF
The topmost point of a flagstaff from which a flag can be flown, and which lies below the cap or finial - see ‘finial’.

HEADING (or HEADER)
A piece of heavy material, usually canvas or double-ply bunting, along the hoist edge of a flag, into which a rope is sewn as the hoistline, or into which grommets are inserted to facilitate the hoisting of a flag - a hoist strip (see also ‘sleeve 2)’, ‘hoistline’, ‘grommet 1)’ and ‘hoist 1)’).

header example

Please note that the increasingly (but by no means entirely) obsolete practice of fixing a flag to its pole or staff by a series of attached loops is almost certainly based on the earlier use of ties – see ‘loops’ (also ‘ring 4)’ and ‘ties’).


HEADQUARTERS FLAG
1) See ‘camp flag’.
2) In US military, naval and some other usage, the rank flag of a commanding officer when flown from their headquarters ashore – a designating (of headquarters) flag (see also ‘rank flag 1)’ and ‘flag of command’).

headquaters flag example headquaters flag example
Camp/Headquarters Flag, Training and Development Branch, Canada (fotw); Rank/Headquarters Flag, Vice Admiral USN (fotw)


HEADSTICK
In largely naval usage a short piece of wood sewn into the top of a flag’s heading to allow the Inglefield clip to be attached about five cm from the top, thus permitting the flag to be hoisted right up to the truck, while enabling the top hoist corner of the flag to remain straight and upright  – but see ‘frame 2)’ (also ‘Appendix I’, ‘Inglefield clip’ and ‘truck’).

headstick example


HEAD OF STATE'S COLOUR (or COLOR)
That flag presented to a military formation by a country’s ruler – see ‘colour 2)’ and ‘colours 2)’.

Kenyan presidential colour  Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry colour  Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry colour
Presidential Colour of Kenya (fotw); Queen’s Colour of Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (fotw); King’s Colour RAF 1947 – 1952, UK (fotw)


HEAD OF STATE'S STANDARD (or FLAG)
A Royal, Imperial or Presidential standard (or flag) – see ‘royal standard 1)’, ‘imperial standard 1)’ and ‘presidential standard’.

Dutch royal standard  German imperial standard Czech President standard US President standard
Royal Standard of The Netherlands (fotw); Imperial Standard of Germany 1871 – 1918 (fotw); Presidential Flag of Czechoslovakia 1920 – 1960 (fotw); Presidential Flag of the US (fotw)


HEIGHT
1) The vertical measurement of an emblem, shield, charge or badge when detailing the dimensions - but see ‘width 3)’ (also ‘dimensions’ and ‘width across’)
2) see ‘width 1)

headstick example


HELM (or HELMET)
The metal headpiece from a suit of armour usually ensigned above the shield in a coat of arms or set of armorial bearings, but sometimes seen as a separate charge – a helmet or casque (see also ‘Appendix IV’, ‘armorial bearings’, ‘coat of arms’, ‘crest 1)’, ‘ensigned’, ‘shield’ and ‘wreath 2)’).

helmet helmet helmet helmet helmet helmet
Arms of the late Sir Winston Churchill KG., UK (Official Website); Flag and arms of Josipdol, Croatia (fotw and CS); Flag of Ozerna, Ukraine (fotw); Arms and Flag of Hejtmánkovice, Czech Republic (ICH & fotw)

Please note that in English heraldry the style and positioning of a helm varies according to the rank of the bearer, and it is suggested that a suitable glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted for full details.

helmet
Helmet of a Knight in English Heraldry (Wikipedia)


HERALDICALLY BASED
See ‘armorial banner 2)’ and ‘livery colours’.

[Heraldically based] [Heraldically based] [Heraldically based] [Heraldically based]
Flag and Arms of Lanškroun, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag and Arms of Galanta, Slovakia (fotw)


HERALDIC BANNER
A banner of arms - see ‘banner of arms’ (also ‘armorial banner 2)’).

[Banner of Kyiv] [Arms of Kyiv]
Heraldic Banner and Arms of Kyiv, Ukraine (fotw)


HERALDIC BEASTS
The animals, birds and mythological creatures used as supporters and/or charges in a set of armorial bearings, or on a banner of arms or a flag - but see note below (also 'armorial bearings', ‘banner of arms’, ‘griffin’, ‘phoenix’and 'supporters').

[Banner of arms of Baltzers, LI] [Udbina] [Udbina] [DGF 21, Germany ] [Lithuania president]
Banner of Arms of Balzers, Liechtenstein (fotw); Arms and Flag of Udbina, Croatia (fotw); Flag of DGF 21, Germany (Klaus-Michael Schneider); Presidential Flag of Lithuania (fotw)


HERALDIC BADGE
See ‘badge in heraldry’ under ‘badge’.

[heraldic badge]
Badge of the Royal House of Tudor 1486 – 1603, England (Wikipedia)


HERALDIC COLOURS
See ‘tinctures’.

tincture tincture tincture tincture tincture


HERALDIC FOUNTAIN
See ‘fountain 1)’.

[heraldic fountain] [heraldic fountain]
Arms and Flag of Sanguinheira, Portugal (fotw)


HERALDIC LILY
See ‘fleur-de-lis’.

[Flag of Mesen, Belgium] [Flag of Mesen, Belgium]
Arms and Flag of Mesen, Belgium (Wikipedia & fotw )


HERALDIC STANDARD
1) In English usage, a flag of heraldic design, long and tapering, possibly with a rounded or double-rounded (lanceolate or double-tailed descate) fly carrying the owner’s badge and motto (sometimes also a national symbol or personal arms), and bordered in his livery colours. Originally used as an identifying symbol by medieval noblemen, and still occasionally flown by those entitled to it (see also ‘badge in heraldry’, ‘banner of arms’, ‘double-tailed descate’, ‘lance pennon 1)’, ‘lanceolate’ and ‘motto’).
2) The headquarters flag of a Scottish nobleman or clan chief (and a standard as defined above), it is between 3.5 and 7.5m long (dependent upon rank) and tapers from 120 cm to 80 cm. The hoist carries either the national flag or owner’s arms, whilst the tail is in the main livery colours and has the motto (usually on diagonal bands) separated by the owner’s crest and other badges. The tail is generally split into two rounded (double-tailed descate) ends (except for those chiefs who do not hold a title of nobility, baronetcy or knighthood whose standards have a simple rounded or lanceolate end), and the whole is edged or fringed with alternating livery colours (see also ‘battle standard’, ‘double-tailed descate’, ‘great standard’, ‘lanceolate’, and ‘pageant standard’).

[Heraldic standard example] [Heraldic standard example]
Heraldic standard of the Master Gunner St James’ Park UK (Graham Bartram); Heraldic Standard of King Henry VI c1450, England (fotw)

Notes
a)
With regard to 1), in English heraldry the entitlement to a heraldic standard is consequent upon the granting or possession of a badge, but is not dependent upon rank (see also ‘badge in heraldry’).
b)
Regarding 2) in Scottish heraldry the entitlement to a standard (and to heraldic flags other than a banner of arms) is consequent upon a separate grant by the Lord Lyon King of Arms (see also ‘pinsel’ and ‘guidon 3)’).


HERALDRY
The science concerned with the designing, interpretation, recording and blazoning of those armorial bearings and/or heraldic insignia that pertain to an individual, an institution or to a corporate entity (see also ‘anti-heraldry’, ‘armorial bearings’, ‘blazon’, ‘coat of arms 2)’, ‘insignia’ and ‘pre-heraldic’).

HIGH COMMISSIONER’S FLAG
In British and US usage, now obsolete, see ‘colonial flags/ensigns’.

[High Commissioner's flag] [High Commissioner's flag] [High Commissioner's flag] [High Commissioner's flag]
Flag of the Western Pacific High Commissioner 1905 –1976, UK (fotw); Flag of the Palestine High Commissioner 1936 – 1948, UK (fotw); Flag of the Philippines High Commissioner 1935 - 1946, US (fotw); Flag of the Pacific Island Trust Territory High Commissioner 1947 – 1986, US (fotw)

Please note that in UK usage the title is not obsolete, but that its role has changed, and no longer (as far as is known) carries the entitlement to a special flag – see ‘diplomatic flags’.


HILTED (or HILT)
The heraldic term used when the grip, pommel and cross/hand guard of a sword or dagger are of a different tincture to its blade – but see note below and ‘hafted’ (also ‘barbed’, ‘garnished’, ‘pommeled’, ‘shafted’ and ‘tincture’).

Karelia, Finland Arms of Barilovic, Croatia Flag of Barilovic, Croatia Fabianki, Poland Fabianki, Poland
Flag of Karelia, Finland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Barilovic, Croatia (fotw); Arms and Flag of Fabianki, Poland (fotw)

Please note that heraldic writers will sometimes blazon the hilt and the pommel (of a sword or dagger) separately when describing the charges on a coat of arms – hilted and pommeled.

Flag of Barilovic, Croatia
(Parker)


HINOMARU (or HI-NO-MARU)
Literally “sun-disk” and the civil ensign/national flag of Japan since 1870 (see also ‘daimyo flags’ ‘disc’, and ‘mon’).

hinomaru
National Flag of Japan (fotw)

Please note that, whilst acting in that role for many years, the Hinomaru was only formally adopted as the National Flag in 1999.


HIS MAJESTY’S JACK
In English RN usage now obsolete, an official term for the 1606 pattern union flag when flown as a naval jack, and in use from c1640 – c1690 – the king’s jack or the jack – but see ‘British flag’ (also ‘interlaced’, ‘naval jack’ under ‘jack’, ‘James Union’ and ‘union jack 2)’).

Union Flag 1601
Union Flag 1601 - 1801, UK (CS)


HISSFLAGGE (or HISSFAHNE)
See ‘hoisted flag’.
hissflagge    hissflagge
Hissflagge and Banner of Albisheim, Germany (fotw)

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