- EQUIPOLLÉ (or EQUIPOLLÉE)
- The heraldic term for a checky of nine squares in metal and tincture alternately
(which thus form a cross) – a checky or checkered of nine, a cross equipollé or cross quarter-pierced – but see
‘checky 2) and the note below’.
Arms and Flag of Sé, Portugal (Antonio Martins); Flag of
Heumen, the Netherlands (fotw)
Please note that a cross quarter-pierced need not (although it can) be formed by
an equipollé of nine, and we suggest that a suitable glossary or dictionary of
heraldry be consulted if further details are required.
Arms and Flag of Ħ'Attard, Malta (Wikipedia
- The heraldic term for a tree (or possibly a plant) showing its roots (as if it has been torn up).
Arms and Flag of
Croatia (fame); Flag of
Buchs, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Norway (official and fotw); Flag of Raron,
- The heraldic term used when a charge is cut off as in ‘couped 1)’, but with
the dividing line ragged or uneven – see ‘couped 1)’
See ‘appendix V’
Flag of Lennik, Belgium (fotw); Arms and Flag of
Izabelin, Poland (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Čabar, Croatia (fotw)
- 1) The heraldic term used when an animal is shown upright or on its hind feet. In certain cases this may be used in place of
"rampant", or may be employed in relation to the heads of animals and fish – but see ‘erect 2)’, ‘haurient’, ‘rampant’ and ‘upright 2)’.
- 2) The heraldic term also used when a charge (often a sword) is shown upright, and employed particularly
when it is not normally seen in that position.
Flag and Arms of Sibenik-Knin, Croatia (fotw); Flag of
Birgu, Malta (fotw); Flag of Il-Furjana, Malta (fotw); Arms and Flag of Gorjani, Croatia (fotw)
- The heraldic term for the fur of that animal, and usually shown as a semé of small
black trefoils (with larger tails) on a white field (see also ‘furs’,
Banner of Arms of Brittany c1400 (fotw); Flag of
Belgium (fotw); Arms and Flag of Almanza, Spain (vexileon.org); Flag of
Norfolk County, UK (FOTW and Official Website)
Please note that “ermine” is considered symbolic of royalty, and is (accordingly) often seen
on royal insignia – see ‘pavilion’.
- ERRONEOUS FLAG
- A term sometimes used in place of the more precise terms fictional or fictitious flag –
see ‘fictional flag’ and
(also ‘false flag 1)’).
- The heraldic term for a scallop shell generally (but not exclusively) facing downwards, and often representing the badge of a pilgrim.
Flag and Arms of Vitanje, Slovenia (fotw); Flag of Emmetten, Switzerland (fotw)
Flag and Arms of Libis, Czech Republic (fotw)
- The heraldic term for a charge with a number of radiating arms, and meant to represent the
strengthening metalwork of a shield – a carbuncle or charbuncle.
Flag and Arms of Re, Vestfold, Norway (fotw and Tomislav Šipek); Flag of
Oostflakkee, The Netherlands (fotw); Arms of
Kleve, Germany (fotw);
Arms and Flag of Gnarrenburg, German (Wikipedia & fotw)
- The heraldic term for a shield or base upon which charges or quarterings are
placed (see also ‘charge’,
the note following ‘lozenge’ and
Escutcheons of Saar and
Neustrelitz, Germany (fotw and Jorg Majewski);
Escutcheon of Województwo wielkopolskie, Poland (fotw);
Escutcheon of Bantice, Czech Republic (fotw);
Escutcheon of Magadenovac, Croatia (fotw)
a) In English heraldry the shape of this shield/escutcheon is considered irrelevant in a grant of arms – a shape which is (in any case) usually dictated by the current fashion, however.
b) The escutcheon of a spinster or widow is displayed upon a lozenge as referenced above.
Escutcheon of Kate Middleton before her marriage to HRH Prince William
- ESCUTCHEON OF PRETENCE (or PRETENSE)
- 1) The heraldic term used when one country adds the arms of another to its own in
order to show a claim to all or part of that country – for example: the arms of France
added to those of England from c1350 – 1801 – but see
‘flag of pretence’.
- 2) The heraldic term also used when the arms of an heiress are placed in the centre of those of her
husband, rather than being impaled – see ‘impaled’.
- 3) See ‘inescutcheon,’
Banner of the Royal Arms (the Royal Standard), England c1399 – 1605 (fotw);
Example (Parker); Banner of the Royal Arms (the Royal Standard) Spain 1700 – 1759 (fotw)
- ESTABLISHMENT OF ARMS
- An alternative term for a full set of armorial bearings (see also
‘armorial bearings’ and
‘coat of arms).
The Establishment of Arms/Armorial Bearings of HM Queen Elizabeth II (for use in Scotland), UK (Graham Bartram)
- The heraldic term for a star or star-like charge that usually (but not
exclusively) has six wavy points, and considered by some sources to be
interchangeable with mullet – see ‘mullet’.
Flag of L-Imġarr, Malta (fotw)
Please note, we suggest that a glossary or dictionary of heraldry be consulted regarding the term given above.
- ETALON FLAG
- See ‘model flag’.
Flag of Yukon Territory, Canada (Design Details Established by Etalon/Model Flag) (fotw)
- EVENING COLOURS (or COLORS)
- See ‘sunset’.
Naval Ensign of South Africa (fotw)
- EVENT FLAG
- See ‘commemorative flag’.
Flag of the 26th International Congress of Vexillology, Australia (fotw)
- In heraldry see ‘reversed 2)’.
- (v) A largely US term for the unrolling of a flag that has been stored rolled
around a tube (see also ‘unfurl’).
- EXECUTIVE ORDER
- In US usage, the legal means by which the President authorizes display of a flag
or the amendment of an established design, and the equivalent of a Presidential Decree
or Royal Order in Council – see
‘royal decree’ and
‘royal order in council 2)’ (also
National Flag of the USA 1912 – 1959 as Regulated by Executive Order (fotw)
- EXPANDING STRIPE(S)
- A term that may be used when a stripe or stripes widen (usually but not invariably) from the hoist to
the fly and start from one fixed point (or from two closely spaced points) as
in, for example, the flags of the Marshall Islands or the Seychelles -
diverging stripes - but see
‘converging stripes’ and
(also ‘radiating 1)’,
National Flag of the Marshall Islands (fotw); National Flag of the
Seychelles (fotw); Flag of
Góra, Poland (fotw); Flag of
Amarante do Maranhăo, Brazil (fotw)
Please note that this is not an established term, but has been introduced by the Editors as no suitably accurate alternative could be found
- EX-VOTO FLAG
- A flag, usually small and plain, displayed (especially by Hindus) to fulfil
a religious vow (see also ‘religious flag’).
- See ‘grommet’.
- EYE OF GOD (OF PROVIDENCE or OF DIVINE PROVIDENCE)
- The term for a basically ancient symbol composed of an eye contained within by a triangle
now taken to symbolize the Trinity, and usually (but not exclusively) surrounded by a nimbus,
the rays of a sun or similar – the All-Seeing Eye of God, the Eye of Providence or of Divine Providence, God’s
Eye or a Trinity Eye (see also
Arms and Flag of Czernichów, Poland (fotw); Flag
and Arms of
Radzymin, Poland (fotw); Flag of
Goppisberg, Switzerland (fotw)
- EYE SPLICE
- The naval term for a closed loop at the end of a rope or halyard formed by splicing the end of
the rope back into itself to form an eye – a running eye – but see ‘becket’
(also ‘running eye and toggle’