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Dictionary of Vexillology: C (Cottice - Cowed)

Last modified: 2017-10-17 by rob raeside
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COTTICE(S) (COTISE(S) or COST)
A heraldic term for a narrow band, stripe or bendlet (or two or more) on either side of a charge, but separated from it by a narrow strip (or strips) of field - usually only applied to a bend, but sometimes also to fess, pale, and chevron.
See also ‘cotticed 1)’ below).

[example] [example]


COTTICED (COTISED or COTIZED)
1) On flags, a term that may be used to describe the addition of one or more narrow stripes or bands to an existing charge (such as a stripe or cross) but which is separated from that charge by a strip of field - but see note below.
2) In heraldry the term used when a (or two or more) narrow band(s), stripe(s) or bendlet(s) appear on either side of a charge, but separated from it by a narrow strip of field - usually only applied to a bend, but sometimes also to fess, pale, and chevron – see ‘cottice(s)’ and note b) below.

Svitavy Okres, Czech Republic Naval ensign - Ukraine German Imperial War Flag Koblenzer Rowing Club, Germany
Flag of Bělá u Jevíčka, Czech Republic (fotw); Naval Ensign of Ukraine (fotw); Imperial War Flag 1903 – 1919, Germany (fotw); Flag of Koblenzer Rowing Club, Germany (fotw)

Notes
a)
With regard to 1), where the field is not shown between the charge and the cottice (as illustrated below) it should be described as double or triple fimbriated as appropriate (see also ‘fimbriation 1)’).
b) Regarding 2) these term have a rather more restricted/complex use than has been briefly described above, however, it is suggested that a suitable glossary or dictionary of heraldry should be consulted for further details.

War ensign of Germany 1938-45 Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobilclub
War Ensign of Germany 1938 – 1945 (fotw); Pennant of the Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobilclub, Germany (fotw)


COTTICES (or COTISES)
A term used to describe two or more narrow bands or stripes on either side of a charge as for cost - usually only applied to a bend but also sometimes to other charges (see cost/cottice).

cottices


COUCHANT
The heraldic term used when an animal is depicted as lying down, with its head generally facing towards the dexter.

couchant example couchant example couchant example couchant example couchant example
Arms of Tristach, Austria (ICH); Flag of Uherský Brod, Czech Republic (fotw); Arms and Flag of Rødøy, Norway (fotw); Arms of Polzela, Slovenia (fotw)


COUNTER-
The heraldic prefix used when two charges on a shield, banner of arms or flag are turned in contrary directions as in “fleuri-counterfleuri” (see ‘double-tressure’), or when two tinctures are reversed either side of a line or lines drawn through a coat of arms see ‘counterchanged’ (also ‘counterchanged cross’ and ‘counter-compony’).

COUNTER-COMPONY
An abbreviation of the heraldic term compony counter-compony used when an ordinary or border is composed of two rows of squares (or occasionally rectangles) in alternating tinctures – see ‘counter-’ above and ‘compony’ (also ‘checky 1)’, ‘checky 2)’, ‘counterchanged’ below, ‘ordinary’ and ‘tincture’).

lsberg, Switzerland lsberg, Switzerland Niemcza, Poland Calfreisen, Switzerland Calfreisen, Switzerland
Arms and Flag of Olsberg, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw); Flag of Niemcza, Poland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Calfreisen, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw)


COUNTERCHANGED (or COUNTER-CHANGED)
(adj) A basically heraldic term used to describe two colours alternating either side of a line or lines drawn through a flag or coat of arms or charge - parti-coloured (see also ‘charge’, ‘coat of arms 2)’ ‘counter-’, ’counterchanged cross’, ‘counter-compony’ above and ‘faceted’).

[counterchanged] [Greenland] [Tas-Sliema, Malta] [Supetar, Croatia] [Supetar, Croatia] [Maryland, US]
From left: counterchanged example; Flag of Greenland (CS); Flag of Tas-Sliema, Malta (fotw); Arms and Flag of Supetar, Croatia (Željko Heimer); Flag of Maryland, USA (CS)


COUNTERCHANGED CROSS
In heraldry see ‘cross counterchanged’.

dominican cross
Putative Banner of the Dominicans (fotw)


COUNTY ARMS (or COAT OF ARMS)
See ‘civic arms 2)’.

[Gloucestershire county arms] [Cumberland county arms]
Arms of the County of Gloucestershire, UK (ICH); Arms of the County of Cumberland, England (iCH)


COUNTY FLAG
See ‘sub-national flag’ (also ‘civic flag 2)’.

[Gloucestershire county flag] [Cumberland county flag]
Flag of the County of Gloucestershire, UK (fotw); Flag of the County of Cumberland, UK (fotw)


COUPEAU (or COUPEAUX)
A French heraldic term for the base of a shield, banner of arms or a flag that is composed of semi-circular mounds, and is intended to represent (usually) three (but up to six) hills – a coupeau of two, three, four, five or six, mount of coupeau, doublemount or threemount - see ‘compartment’ (also ‘mount’).

coupeau coupeau Arms - Ludbreg, Croatia Flag - Ludbreg, Croatia Arms of Pope Paul VI Oberohrdorf, Switzerland
Arms and Flag of São Barnabé, Portugal (fotw); Arms and Flag of Ludbreg, Croatia (fotw); Arms of Pope Paul VI (Modern Popes); Flag of Oberrohrdorf, Switzerland (fotw)


COUPEAU OF THREE (or COUPEAUX OF TWO, FOUR, FIVE or SIX)
See ‘coupeau’ above.

Kirchberg, Switzerland Kirchberg, Switzerland Villarbeney, Switzerland Obstalden, Switzerland Obstalden, Switzerland Delémont, Switzerland
Arms and Flag of Kirchberg, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw); Flag of Villarbeney, Switzerland (fotw); Arms and Flag of Obstalden, Switzerland (Wikipedia & fotw); Flag of Delémont, Switzerland (fotw)


COUPED (or COUPÉE)
1) The heraldic term used when a charge is cut off in a straight line as is often the case with the heads and limbs of animals but see 2) below (also 'erased').
2) A heraldic term that is also used when an ordinary or charge does not extend to the edges of a shield or banner of arms, for example a cross-couped or cross coupée.

Northern Ireland Andwil, Switzerland Il Birgu, Malta Il Birgu, Malta Tonga
Unofficial Flag of Northern Ireland (fotw); Flag of Andwil, Switzerland (fotw); Flag and Arms of Il Birgu, Malta (Wikipedia and fotw); National Flag of Tonga (fotw)


COURANT (CURRENT or CURSANT)
The heraldic term used to describe an animal running at full speed – current or cursant.

courant example courant example courant example courant example courant example courant example 
Arms and Flag of Caçarelhos/Caçareilhos, Portugal (Antonio Martins); Arms and Flag of Požega-Slavonia, Croatia (fotw); Arms and Flag of Vilyuysk, Russia (Wikipedia & fotw)


COURTESY FLAG
That flag (normally, but not exclusively, the national flag of the country being visited) flown from a prominent position on a merchant vessel as a matter of courtesy when visiting a foreign port – a complimentary flag (see also ‘yardarm’).

COVERING
In vexillology the term used when a canton charge or emblem obscures the entire width of a stripe or stripes on a multi-striped flag, and in the case of a canton usually (but not invariably) at the hoist – for example, a square or rectangular canton covering the first three stripes or a charge off-set towards the hoist and covering the centre five stripes as shown below - encroaching upon (see also ‘canton 2)’, ‘multi-stripe’ and ‘overall 1)’ and ‘partially covering’). 

Togo Goiás, Brazil Bohus Line, Sweden
National Flag of Togo (fotw); Flag of Goiás, Brazil (fotw); Flag of The Bohus Line, Sweden (Eugene Ipavec)

Please note that this term is never used alone but always with the number of stripes being covered.


COWARD
The heraldic term used when an animal is shown with its tail between the hind legs (see also ‘double queued’ and ‘queued’).

[coward] [coward] [coward]
Flag and Arms of Paršovice, Czech Republic (fotw); Flag of Boksburg 1991–94, South Africa (fotw)


COWED
In heraldry see ‘queued’.

[cowed] [cowed]
Flag and Arms of Schleiden, Germany (fotw & ICH)


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