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Mariupol' (Donets'k, Ukraine)

Last modified: 2011-03-18 by andrew weeks
Keywords: doneck | donetsk | mariupo |
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image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 February 2009

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Mariupol' - South Donet'sk Oblast, where river Kal'mius empties into the Azov Sea. Area: 159 Population: 492,000.
Established: 1778 as Pavl'ovsk. Name changed to Mariupol' in 1780 to honor Maria Fedorovna, wife of the future Emperor Pavel I (Paul I).
Settled by significant number of Greek immigrants, hence the Greek name of the town is included in the Arms.
The Port of Mariupol' opened in 1809 and in 1882 the city was linked by railway with Donbass and became an important metallurgical center. Since 1887 Mariupol' has a theatre. First electric power plant opened in 1908.
Between 1948-1989, the city was renamed Zhdanov after communist apparatchik, who was born here.
In 1958 huge heavy machinery plant opened, named "I'yich" after Lenin (Now, Kawasaki Steel).
Mariupol' is also a spa town with 16 km of sandy beaches. It is also a site of Priazovskiy Technical University and Russian Dramatic Theatre.
January mean temperature - minus 5,2°C: July - plus 22,7°C Yearly precipitation - 450mm.
Flag and Arms at the top of this page.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 14 February 2009

Coat of Arms

image by Eugene Ipavec, 14 February 2009