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Salihli (District Municipality, Turkey)

Last modified: 2016-10-26 by ivan sache
Keywords: salihli | sart |
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[Municipality flag]

Flag of Salihli - Image by Jens Pattke, 23 February 2013


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Presentation of Salihli

The municipality of Salihli (155,291 inhabitants in 2012, 98,618 in the town proper; 12,729 ha) is located 70 km east of Manisa.

Ivan Sache, 10 March 2016


Flag of Salihli

The flag of Salihli (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem in the middle. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of municipality features a bunch of seedless sultana grapes and a column, representing the ancient town of Sardes (now Sart).

Quoting the AsoFood Industry website:

In the Aegean Region of Turkey (İzmir, Manisa, Turgutlu, Salihli, Alaşehir) since the 18th century the major grape production is sultanas, which is a variety of seedless type. It has been a part of the sultan's diet with its original taste and that is where this type inherited its name from. Turkey has a strong place in grape production and an important place in sultana production in the world. Turkey has 32% share with 255 thousand tons of raisin production in the world, which is 780 thousand tons. Sultana raisin export (225,000 t in 2001) is almost the only raisin export of Turkey. There is insignificant export of other raisins with seeds. Around 75% of sultana production is exported.

Quoting the Rapunzel website:

The regions of Salihli and Manisa are famous for their typical Mediterranean climate. This is where the organic sultanas and raisins come from. The first organic sultana project of Rapunzel started in 1989 in Salihli. The first organic village project in Turkey was also established in Tekelioğlu village by Rapunzel. The idea was to convince neighboring farmers to convert to organic farming in order to avoid contamination risks.
Today the majority of the sultana farmers in Tekelioğlu is certified organic. Now various organic projects take place in Salihli and Manisa plains and mountains. Around 120 farmer families cultivate organic grapes for Rapunzel on an area of more than 500 ha, among other products. Sultana harvest starts in August and the fruit is picked by hand from the vines. After harvest, sultanas are laid on special sack clothes on the ground and dried under the sun for around one week (raisins are dried between 10-15 days). After drying, sultanas are put into Rapunzel plastic boxes which are delivered and transported to the Rapunzel headquarters in İzmir.

Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 10 March 2016


Former municipalities

Sart

[Municipality flag]

Flag of Sart, as seen on 20 April 2013 alongside the main road - Image by Klaus-Michael Schneider, 27 April 2014

Sart (Greek, Sardes), located at the western terminal stop of ancient Persian royal road system, played an important role in the First Persian Empire and had been capital of the Kingdom of Lydia, before it was subdued by the Persians. Although it was struck by an earthquake in 17 AD, the town was recovered later on and remained connected also with the Roman road system in Asia Minor. Sardes was one of the seven churches mentioned within the Book of Revelation. The city declined since 1071 and became a battlefield in the wars between the Selçuk Turks and the Byzantine Empire. Since the 13th century it was neglected by the Emperors and the capture and probable destruction by Timur in 1402 marked the end of its fame. Today it is a small town (5,127 inhabitants). Its name was Sartmahmut until 18 October 2005.
A Roman gymnasium, an ancient synagogue and one of the major Artemis temples in the region, which was used but never completely finished, are the main archaeological sites today.

The flag of Sart was white with the municipal emblem in its centre. The seal displays the ruins of the Artemis temple. It has a circumscription in black capital letters "SART BELEDİYESİ" (Sart Municipality) and below the year "1972". Between date and name on the left edge is a blossom of cotton and on the right edge a bunch of grapes. Both are probably symbolizing the main business lines besides tourism.

Klaus-Michael Schneider, 27 April 2014