Last modified: 2016-10-30 by ivan sache
Keywords: finike | turunçova |
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Flag of Finike - Image by Jens Pattke, 3 March 2013
The flag of Finike (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem.
Tomislav Šipek, 20 February 2013
Flag of Turunçova - Image by Jens Pattke, 2 Avril 2013
The former municipality of Turunçova (8,237 inhabitants in 2012) is located 10 km of Finike.
The flag of Turunçova (photo) is white with the municipality's emblem. "Belediyesi" means "Municipality".
The emblem of the former municipality features the theater of the ancient town of Limyra.
Limyra was a small city on the southern coast of Lycia, on the Limyrus, and twenty stadia from the mouth of this river. It is mentioned by Strabo (XIV, 666), Ptolemy (V, 3, 6), and several Latin authors. Nothing, however, is known of its history except that Caius Cæsar, adopted son of Augustus, died there (Veilleius Paterculus, II, 102).
The ruins of Limyra consist of a theatre, tombs, sarcophagi, bas-reliefs, Greek and Lycian inscriptions, etc.
[The Catholic Encyclopedia]
Zẽmuri (the Lycian name of Limyra) was the place of minting of the Xanthian dynast Kuprrli and must have had an important position, already at this date, within the settlement hierarchy of Lycia. The city experienced a first heyday in the 4th century B.C. when it was developed into the residence city of an aspiring east Lycian dynasty. The dynast Perikle altered the political landscape of the entire region by defeating the ruler of Xanthos, Arttumpara, in the first half of the century, thereafter ruling over all of Lycia and the bordering regions to the north and east, at least for a short time. Nothing is known regarding the end of the rule of Perikle. In the scholarship he is connected with the participation of the Lycians in the so-called Satrap’s rebellion which occurred between 370 and 360 B.C., during the course of which he disappears from history. Perikle from Limyra is the last known dynast of Lycia, since this form of relatively independent rulership by local minor kings found an abrupt end when the uprising was suppressed by the Achaemenids.
The flourishing urbanism of the Imperial period at Limyra is represented by the theatre, which could contain approximately 20,000 spectators and whose form today dates back to a comprehensive restoration after a devastating earthquake in A.D. 141.
[Excavations at Lymira, OAI]
Tomislav Šipek & Ivan Sache, 25 March 2016