Last modified: 2016-04-16 by ian macdonald
Keywords: díli | dili | dilli | dily | coat of arms (tree: green) | tree | arrow-bag |
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On the right and the left wall of the East Timor national parliament
are hanging traditional weavings, each with the name of one of the
districts. Each district has such a weaving
on the left and the right, but
there are not exactly the same, just similar.
J. Patrick Fischer, 08 August 2002
image by Jens Pattke, 25 March 2016
Some, not all, Portuguese overseas municipalities received arms and
flag in the period 1940-1974, after all metropolitan
municipalities got one. In Portuguese Timor overseas province only
Díli had a flag and a coat of arms, all other 12 municipalities (currently
named districts) being confirmedly flagless.
António Martins, 15 January 2003 and 06 August 2005
The Díli municipal flag was white and green gyronny of eight,
with the municipal coat of arms over all: argent, a tree vert between
two arrow-bags, sable; golden mural crown with five visible towers
(overseas province capital city status), and white scroll with uppercase
sans serif "CIDADE DE DÍLI".
Antonio Martins, 23 October 1999
image by Jens Pattke, 25 March 2016
The decree (Portaria) n.º 19409 / Octobre,1 1962 (http://www.legislacao.org/primeira-serie/portaria-n-o-19409-prata-ouro-azul-listel-6778)
Província de Timor
Cidade de Díli - O escudo de armas a que se refere o artigo único do Diploma Legislativo Ministerial n.º 1, publicado em Díli em 31 de Maio de 1952, passa a ser descrito nos termos seguintes: em campo vermelho uma árvore de sândalo de prata, entre dois troféus atados por fita azul, debruada de prata, e constituídos por quatro alabardas de prata, hasteadas de ouro, e um venábulo com manga de azul realçada a ouro. Listel branco com os dizeres «O Sol logo em nascendo vê primeiro».
To differentiate it from the earlier flag, it says "In a red field... and
motto "O Sol logo em nascendo vê primeiro"."
Jens Pattke, 25 March 2016
This law states that scrolls that read merely the settlement’s name may be
omitted (probably means that they be omitted on flags, too), and are mandatory
only when they read a motto. This is interesting and show a difference between
these colonial coats of arms and the Metrópole (metropolis, as opposed
to colonies - it was the contrasting term to Ultramar and included both
the Portuguese mainland and the “adjoining islands” of Azores and Madeira; in
practice, it’s where white people lived), as the latter never had mottos on
their scrolls, at most additional titles to the name of the settlement,
Oporto being the most notable case. This is also due
to the fact that colonial coats of arms were created later, already in the 1940s
(except for a few pre-existing ones), and the heraldists’ sophistication had
Cidade de Díli - O escudo de armas a que se refere o artigo único do Diploma Legislativo Ministerial n.º 1, publicado em Díli em 31 de Maio de 1952, passa a ser descrito nos termos seguintes:
The phrase "passa a ser descrito" means something like "from now on will be described as", which indicates that the mentioned previous law, of 1952.05.31, had it described differently.
My source must have been Durán Rodríguez (1995) and
Langhans (1966) (and
Langhans 1966 was apparently also
the source for Durán Rodríguez, 1995), but why those were showing what’s apparently the 1952-1962
version of the flag and not its replacement I cannot say. The 1999 photo
suggests that the 1962-1975 flag existed, not a case that the 1962 law had been
ignored - or maybe the 1999 event was using a newly created flag according to
the 1962 law, which had however been ignored or forgotten so that the very
official book (Langhans 1966) in 1966 shows the previous version instead?
As for my interpretation of the additional elements next to the tree as quivers, instead of war trophies, they come also from Durán’s article (Durán Rodríguez, 1995).
António Martins-Tuválkin, 25 March 2016
The remarkable thing for me is the golden mural crown, which acc. to
decree/law from 1930/1991 is exclusively reserved to Lisboa as the capital of
whole Portugal incl. overseas provinces. I have no idea about the change of
shield background colour.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 27 March 2016
The 1930 law reserved the golden crown for Lisbon (imperial capital) and for
each of the overseas province capitals, one of which Dili was. It would be
remarkable if it were silver, as the one shown on the 1999 photo [http://www.anmp.pt/anmp/press/bol/1999/image/b7003.jpg]
Jens found at [http://www.anmp.pt/anmp/press/bol/1999/bol7099.html#a5].
The 1991 law updated the state of affairs after the “empire” was gone in 1975 and Lisbon is the only municipality left with a golden crown. (The 1991 law gives to administrative regions the same crown that the previous law had for the overseas provinces, which is also golden, but since there’s no regions, the matter is moot.)
António Martins-Tuválkin, 27 March 2016