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Flags of Daghestanian ethnic groups (Russia)

Last modified: 2013-12-05 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: daghestan | ethnic group | nogai | kumukh | triskelion | crescent: points to top fly (white) | lezgi | savdal | bird | laks | avars | dido | tsezy |
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Presentation of Daghestanian ethnic groups

In Daghestan live about 35 different ethnic groups. Some of these peoples have their own flags.
António Martins, Nov 1998


Flag of the Dido (Tsezy) people

Flag of Dido people Chrystian Kretowicz, 21 Aug 2011

Let me share with you the flag of a small ethnic group in Dagestan - Dido (Tsezy). More info on them at: http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1731544948231&set=a.1717351273398.69807.1826737355&type=1&theater
Chrystian Kretowicz, 21 Aug 2011


Flag of the Avar people

Flag of Avar people from Wikipedia, 10 Sep 2008

Yet another nation of Dagestan (and Azerbaijan), this time the largest one - the Avars. Their complicated history, both medieval and modern, is presented at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caucasian_Avars They total slightly over million people (together with absorbed, related nationalities like Andis, Akhvakhs, Botligs, Godoberis, Bagulals, Karatas, Tindis, Chamalals (all considered Avars), the Dido group, which includes Didos, Khwarshia, Bezhetas, Khunzals and Ginugs and, not so closely related, but belonging to the proto-Avar tribes - the Archis). About 815,000 Avars live in Russia (750,000 in Dagestan, the rest in Chechnia, Kalmykia, Moscow and elsewhere) About 160,000 live in Azerbaijan, 45,000 in Turkey and 2,500 in Georgia. Smaller communities can be found in Jordan, Germany and the U.S. They are overwhelmingly Sunni Moslems. Majority adhere to the Shafi rite. Their language belongs to Nakh-Dagestan branch of the Caucasian languages. Khunzakh dialect serves as lingua franca and is a foundation for the Avar literary language written in modified cyrillic script since 1938 (from 1927 to 1938 it was written in latin script, and before that in arabic) The town of Khunzakh is a cultural center of Avaristan and serves as an unofficial capital of the Avars. Although the Avaristan (the Avar homeland) has no official status, the nationalistic feelings of the Avars are strong and on the rise.

Recently, the modern version of the old Avarian Khaganate flag, white wolf of the Huns on black, is gaining an acceptance as the national flag of the Avars and of Avaristan. Original old flag is on display at the Central Museum in Makhachkala. The modern flag shows the white wolf holding a banner with swastika and looking backward toward the crescent moon. It is framed in yellow. The Avar swastika is a common symbol there since ancient times. Called "sswerdiro" in Avar language, it means: "Power to Destroy - Power to Create: Power of God".
Chrystian Kretowicz, 21 May 2008

Our Latvian colleague, Ilmars Bite, just posted on RussoVex the best yet image of the alleged flag of the Avars. This image differs from the one which I ( and Avar Khunz) reported earlier, by the inclusion of the representation of the stylized mountain range at the bottom of the flag, as seen on the photo of the flag maintained by the museum in Makhachkala.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 10 Sep 2008


Flag of the Nogai people

Flag of Nogai people
image by Jaume Ollé, 28 Oct 1996

The beast portraited, flying lion with dog’s head, sure fits the description of Chelyabinsk/Bashkir simargl — and though Daghestan (where the Nogai dwell) is some 1500 km SW of Chelyabinsk region, there may be a connection, as both Nogay and Bashkir (the second largest ethnical group in Chelyabinsk region, after the Russians) are (western) turkic (slim connection, shared with eight other proples of the Russian Federation, but who knows…).
António Martins, 26 Dec 2002


Flags of the Kumyk people

Flag of Kumukh people
image by António Martins, 08 Jan 2003, from cpekacar.sitemynet.com/anadagkum.htm

I’ve just seen on the french-german cultural TV channel Arte a documentary about Daghestan, in which the flag of nationalist movement of Kumukh people was shown (interview of its leader, with a big flag on the wall and a table flag in front of him). The emblem on the flag is white outlined black; the three “beasts” are linked together (as in the emblem of Isle of Man), and the circle in the center is is the border of zone where the three beasts join in one. In the center of the circle, crescent and star, white outlined black.
Olivier Touzeau, 16 Mar 2000

On cpekacar.sitemynet.com/anadagkum.htm, there are pics of Kumukh Arms, which are actually the flag with somewhat different colors from this one.
Michael K. Renalds, 01 Jul 2002

I believe that several patterns exist; the basic design is what all people agree.
Jaume Ollé, 22 Nov 2002

Green bottom stripe

White emblem

Flag of Kumukh people
image by Jaume Ollé, 28 Oct 1996, and António Martins, 11 Nov 2002

Yellow emblem

Flag of Kumukh people
image by Jaume Ollé, 28 Oct 1996

This image is from Gaceta de Banderas [gdb], information of Michel Lupant.
Jaume Ollé, 22 Nov 2002

Yet another variant

Flag of Kumukh people
image by Victor Lomantsov, 23 Sep 2006

I remade the image according photo of real flag received from Khadzhy Bayram Bolat (Turkey). Order of stripes is different. The flag is used by kumyk people in Dagestan and kumyk diaspora in Turkey.
Victor Lomantsov, 23 Sep 2006


Flag of the Lezgi people

Flag of Lezgi people
image by Jaume Ollé, 26 Apr 1999

Accordin Aliev Saumur this flag want to be:

  1. National (Republic of Lezgistan)
  2. Ethnic (Lezgin people)
  3. Party (Savdal = Union)
Jaume Ollé, 09 Oct 1999

Lezgi (Lezgian, Lezghi, Lezgin, Kiurinsty) [LEZ] 257,000 in Russia (1996); 171,400 in Azerbaijan (1996); 3,650 in Georgia; 2,570 in Kazakhstan; 1,599 in Kyrghyzstan; 10,400 in Turkmenistan; 1,708 in Ukraine; 1,585 in Uzbekistan; 1,200 in Turkey (1996); 451,000 in all countries. Southern Dagestan ASSR, the western Caspian Sea coast, central Caucasus. North Caucasian, Northeast, Lezgian. Dialects: Kiuri, Akhty, Kuba, Gjunej, Garkin, Anyx, Stal. Has literary status based on the Kiuri dialect. Cyrillic alphabet. Some dialects are reported to not be inherently intelligible with other. Mountain slope. Agriculturalists. Sunni and some Shi’a Muslim.
Jarig Bakker, 07 Oct 1999, quoting from the Ethnologue database

Lezghistan (or Lezgia) is the southernmost tip of Russia, included in the multi-ethnic republic of Daghestan. Its does include also some neighbouring territory of Azerbaijan
António Martins, 10 Aug 1999


Flag of the Lak people

Flag of Lak people
image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 5 Mar 2008

Lakku Bilayat - Zeml'ya Laktsev - Land of the Laks

Yet another nation within multi-ethnic Dagestan. They are native to the region. Live in the mountains of central Dagestan in Lakskiy and Kulinskiy Rayons. Some were moved to the lowlands in 1944 to replace the deported Dagestani Chechens.
Their language belongs to the Nakh-Dagestan group of the North Caucasian linguistic family. They number ca.157,000 (140,000 in Dagestan). Sunni Muslims
Capital in the village of Kumukh.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 5 Mar 2008


Flag of the Tabasaran people

Flag of Tabasaran people
image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 16 Feb 2009

One of many Dagestani nationalities, Tabasaran number over 13,000 and live in the mountains in southeast Dagestan. They are second largest (after Lezgins) group of Lezgi-Samur linguistic community. Their neighbors are: Dargwas(north), Lezgins(south), Aguls(west) and Azerbaijanis(east).

The flag and emblem were adopted in 2006.
Chrystian Kretowicz, 28 Feb 2008

The flag of Tabasaran is a Dagestani flag with the Tabasaran emblem in the middle
Chrystian Kretowicz, 16 Feb 2009