Last modified: 2007-06-09 by antónio martins
Keywords: anarcho-syndicalism |
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Red and black is most commonly used by anarcho-syndicalists,
anarcho-communists and libertarian-left unions or labour activists.
Matthias Speer, 05 Feb 2003
First used by anarchists
during the Spanish Civil War: The red flag of socialism
(Confederación Nacional del Trabajo) and the
black flag of anarchism
(Federación Anarquista Ibérica). The red and black
colours are also often used by the syndicalism movement
Marcus Wendel, 16 Aug 1999
The red and black flag goes from bottom left to top right,
with red on top and black on bottom. The red is the red of the
communist flag, and symbolises material equality, or the
principle of «from each according to their abilities, to each
according to their needs». The black is the black of the
anarchist flag, and symbolises social freedom, the freedom of
each individual to do as they please so long as their actions
don’t cause harm to others. Together red and black symbolise
libertarian communism. It goes diagonally as a negation of
nationalism and a reaffirmation of internationalism.
Ben, 02 Feb 2000
The red over black diagonal is most used as anarchist flag
Ole Andersen, 14 Aug 1999
Not in Portugal: The only anarchist flag I’ve seen around here
was the black flag with encircled "A".
Jorge Candeias, 16 Aug 1999
there is another design of anarchist flag, with the red-black partition in the
João Madureira, 29 Apr 2003
Its not a case of unadverted flipping or turning of a flag cloth image,
as the image at
shows red over black with diagonal from top hoist to lower fly.
António Martins, 08 Aug 2004
In the May 1st 2002 demonstration in Münich, a simple
black over red bicolour was also shown.
Marcus Schmöger, 10 May 2002
Anything below this line was not added by the editor of this page.