Last modified: 2014-06-29 by klaus-michael schneider
Keywords: quinas: 5 (16 plates) | quinas: 5 (7 plates) | quina: 7 plates | quina: 16 plates | castille bordure | castle (yellow) | royal standard | afonso 3 (portugal) |
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King Afonso III added a border red charged with castles gold marking
his marriage to Queen Beatriz, daughter of King Alfonso IX of Castille,
whose arms are a castle gold on red. “Popular” heraldry
attributes the castles to the definitive conquest and annexation of
Moorish Algarve, after seven battles, but the
Castille connection is much more probable, especially for the number of
castles was fixed to seven only in 1640.
António Martins, 21 May 1997
The seals of the time show that the designs of the castles were much
more crude than in this image, and changed with the time toward a better
graphic rendition. The same applies to the flag of
Mario Fabretto, 22 May 1997
The seals of the time showed especially a lack of standardization.
Those depicted in Livro das Horas de Dom Dinis, e.g.,
I’d certainly won’t call crude. Anyway, I chose to use the same castles
as in the modern flag, for that detail is heraldically irrelevant
(notice that often towers are used instead of
true castles — this is yes a heraldry error).
António Martins, 22 May 1997
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