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Polish Underground State 1939-45

Last modified: 2011-05-14 by andrew weeks
Keywords: poland | world war ii |
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[Underground flag] image by Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001, and Eugene Ipavec, 28 Aug 2008 See also:

Home Army flag

[Home Army flag] image by Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001

I did notice an absence on the Polish pages of the FOTW-website of the unique symbols used during the Nazi occupation and especially during the Warsaw Uprising of August-September 1944. Although,the legal symbols used by the Polish Government in exile and by its Delegation inside the occupied country were those of the II Polish Republic, a distinctive symbol was used by the main resistance organization - AK (Home Army) and was extremely popular among the general population, particularly during the Uprising of 1944 when most of the city of Warsaw was liberated for short period of time and that symbol appeared on flags being raised all over the city.
Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001

See also wikipedia. The symbol on the Polish flag is the "Kotwica"; Polish for "Anchor") was a World War II emblem of the Polish Secret State and Armia Krajowa (Home Army, or AK). It was created in 1942 by members of the AK Wawer "Small Sabotage" unit as an easily-usable emblem for the Polish struggle to regain independence. The "Anchor" is a combination of the letters PW, standing for Polska Walcząca ("Fighting Poland") .
It also stands for Wojsko Polskie ("Polish Army") and Powstanie Warszawskie ("Warsaw Uprising")."
Esteban Rivera, 27 Aug 2008

Fighting Poland emblem

[Fighting Poland emblem] image by Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001

Before that, the combined letters 'PW' for 'Polska Walczaca' or 'Fighting Poland', also representing an anchor, symbol of hope, were common sight all over the country as the graffiti on the walls, defacements of German posters and on the armbands of partizan units of AK.
Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001

Underground flag

[Underground flag] image by Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001, and Eugene Ipavec, 28 Aug 2008

It was practically universally accepted flag and symbol of the underground state, wich ran schools, courts of justice and social services of its own.Granted, it was unofficial, because underground authorities pledged total loyalty to the government in London.
Very brief, but quite comprehensive, description of Warsaw Uprising, written by one of the heroes of that monumental event - 63 days long 'passage thru hell'- South African pilot,who together with multitude of Polish, British, American, Australian and New Zealand flyers participated in a quichotic airlift, which neverless brought hope and comfort to the valiant rebels and left memories of solidarity among them and Warsovians forever,appears at this website.
Chris Kretowicz, 19 Sep 2001