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Sawin commune (Poland)

Chełm county, Lubelskie vojvodship

Last modified: 2017-11-11 by andrew weeks
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[Sawin commune flag] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 8 Dec 2008
adopted 24 Mar 2000 See also:

Sawin commune flag

Sawin - rural commune, Chełm County, Lubelskie Voivodship.
Gmina Sawin is a rural gmina (commune) in Chełm County, Lublin Voivodship, in eastern Poland. Its seat is the village of Sawin, which lies approximately 14 kilometres (9 mi) north of Chełm and 61 km (38 mi) east of the regional capital Lublin.
Area: 190.2 sq.km (73.4 sq.mi); Population: 5,660 (2006).

The settlement existed already in the first half of XIV Century.
1492 - city rights granted (and Columbus "discovered" the Bahamas)
1795 - Sawin under Austrian rule after third partition of Poland.
1809 - included in Grand Duchy of Warsaw
1815 - included in Congress (Russian) Kingdom of Poland
1863 - fights with the Russians during January Uprising
1869 - Russian s took away the city rights
1915 - withdrawing Russian troops burned the town
1921 - census shows the Jewish population of the town at 48%
1939 - (September) - big battle with invading Germans
1940 - creation of forced labor camp for the Jews
1942 - all Jews removed to the extermination camp in Sobibor. After the rebellion there, local Wermacht unit captured 6 escapees near Sawin. Sawin was the site of test on the V-2 rocket.
1944 - (July) Sawin was liberated by the Soviet Red Army.

Arms and flag adopted on March 24, 2000 (resolution # XX/128/2000).
"Arms: Sawin's Arms are based on the noble Coat of Arms "Rawicz" - a crowned maiden in a red gown sitting on a black bear, all on a golden shield.
Flag: a "chessboard" in the colors of red and yellow with the Arms in the middle."
Chrystian Kretowicz, 8 Dec 2008


Sawin Coat of Arms

[Sawin coat of arms] image by Chrystian Kretowicz, 8 Dec 2008
adopted 24 Mar 2000