Last modified: 2009-08-08 by ian macdonald
Keywords: communist party of nepal |
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image by Jaume OllÚ
flag with the hammer and sickle. I have seen a photo with an
image of a red flag with a hammer and sickle and a device in the lower fly
corner, that must be the (electoral?) emblem, a sun.
Jaume OllÚ, 30 January 2003
The Communist Party of Nepal was founded on 22 April 1949 by Pushpa Lal Shrestha.
It was banned in 1952 for three years. The Party held its First National
Congress on 30 January 1954, with Man Mohan Adhikari as General Secretary.
In the parliamentary elections of 1959, the CPN won 4 seats out of 109. In 1960,
following a royal coup, the Parliament was dissolved and all political parties
were banned. The Partyless Panchayat system lasted until 1990.
In 1971, a radical movement was formed in the Jhapa district. The movement was the root of the All Nepal Communist Revolutionary Coordination Committee (Marxist-Leninist), founded in 1975. The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) was formed in 1978. The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) seceded in 1986, but both parties merged again in the the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) in 1991. The party broke again in 1998 and was reestablished in March 2002.
In 1991, the CPN-UML won 30% of the voices, earning 69 out of 205 seats in the House of Representatives and 16 out of 60 seats in the National Assembly. In 1994, the CPN-UML won the elections with 31% of the votes and 88 seats. The party formed a minority government in December 1994, with Man Mohan Adhikari as Prime Minister, and was ousted from the government in August 1995. In March 1997, the CPN-UML was involved with two other parties in a coalition government.
Ivan Sache, 30 January 2003
Here is the current situation of the CPM.The Communist Party of Nepal was founded in Calcutta, India, on April 29, 1949. CPN was formed to struggle against the autocratic Rana regime, feudalism and imperialism. The founding general secretary was Puspa Lal Shestra. CPN played an important role in the 1951 uprising that overthrew the Rana regime. In 1954 the first party congress was held clandestinely in Patan. Manmohan Adhikari was elected general secretary. In 1957 the second party congress was held in Kathmandu. For the first time the party could hold its congress openly. Keshar Jung Rayamajhi was elected general secretary. The congress approved a republican party programme.
Esteban Rivera, 3 July 2005
image located by Jaume OllÚ
A variant of the flag of the Nepal communists, showing a white hammer and
sickle on red (flag format higher than wide); the smaller variant also includes
some inscription (party name?) was reported in SŘddeutsche Zeitung 28/29
May 2003, p. 11.
Marcus Schm÷ger, 15 June 2003
by J.A. Sommansson, 24 January 2005
This is a variant of the flag of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified
Marxist-Leninist). The common party flag is red with a white hammer & sickle. In
this case a multi-pointed sun is added. The sun is the party election symbol.
J.A. Sommansson, 25 January 2005
This flag is from a single Communist Party (NCP-UML) and combines the
electoral symbol (a sun) with the party symbol. Nearly all the communist parties
in Nepal have a red flag with a hammer and sickle in the canton.
Jaume OllÚ, 24 February 2007
Usually Nepal Maoists use red flag with
white hammer & sickle but sometimes use white flag with blue hammer & sickle.
Nozomi Kariyasu, 9 March 2008
I found a photo in BBC with the white
flag with a red hammer and sickle in a red circle in use, the exception is that
these also includes some text:
Marcus Wendel, 21 April 2008
image located by Esteban Rivera, 3 July 2005 at http://www.cpnuml.org/ulf.html.
image by Ivan Sache, 30 January 2003
The flag of the Youth Wing Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) is shown
on the party website.
It is horizontally divided red-blue with a white star in the middle.
Ivan Sache, 30 January 2003
This flag has also been reported as that of the Democratic National Youth
Federation, Nepal, (youth organization of CPN(UML)).
J.A. Sommansson, 30 September 2004