This page is part of © FOTW Flags Of The World website

Nasjonal Samling (Norway)

Last modified: 2014-10-11 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: norway | nasjonal samling | nazi |
Links: FOTW homepage | search | disclaimer and copyright | write us | mirrors



[Nasjonal Samling Party, 1933-1945]
by Jan Oskar Engene


See also:

Flag of Nasjonal Samling

Quisling's party, Nasjonal Samling (National Unity), had a Scandinavian cross flag of red field and yellow cross. All the various specialised organisations within the party (Hird, women's and youth organisations etc.) also had flags. These were based on the party emblem, the sun cross, a red disc with a yellow cross. The emblem was put on a plain field. Each organisation had a different colour.
Jan Oskar Engene, 11 April 1996

The party flag of Nasjonal Samling was in proportions 10:16, the cross being equal to 2 parts, the red rectangles at the hoist were 4 parts by 5 and those at the free end of the flag 4 parts by 9. In other words, the party flag design had proportions different from those of the national flag of Norway.
The Nasjonal Samling party flag seems to have been in use from the party was set up in 1933 until the liberation of Norway 8. May 1945.
Jan Oskar Engene, 08 May 1999

For more information on the World War II Period in Norway, see: Norwegian Collaborationist Forces During WWII
Ole Andersen, 08 May 1999


From the Norwegian Wikipedia entry on Nasjonal Samling, the Norwegian Fascist party: http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasjonal_Samling the complete scan of the 1944 party yearbook can be accessed:
http://krigsbilder.net/coppermine/albums/NS-AARBOK1944/NS_rbok_1944.pdf
The interesting part of this book is at pp. 135-144, where the variety of party flags are described. Hopefully the FOTWers who speak Norwegian will be able to present the content to us - as much as I was able to understand, there is quite a number of flags still not presented at the FOTW-ws.
Tomislav TodoroviŠ, 08 July 2014

My translation may include slight errors, one problem is fylking, which I translated as district. Like SS and SA in Germany the patry militias (hirden = the guard) had their own ranks and subdivisions. Probably my translation is false. See also p. 124 of the manual. If a hirden-regiment is really a regiment, then we would have subdivisions of the militia as follows:
Regiment (= regiment) Nestregiment (= battalion, lit.: viceregiment), fylking (=company), sveit (= platoon), nestsveit (= squad(?), lit.: viceplatoon) , tropp (= troop).
Sorry, but I have a very poor Norwegian dictionary, and partially all seems to be party jargon.
Klaus-Michael Schneider, 09 July 2014

Though I tried to just include the errors of the original, I expect that I've occasionally added new ones. The brave soul who goes through these one at a time is advised to check. The names of the units, appear to have been chosen to be militaristic and ancient Norwegian. As we already translate the Norwegian "Fylke" as "County", I had to translate the others as well, though there is a loss in translation, here: I would have used "group", rather than "section", as a good indication of the smallest unit, but unfortunately, that seemed to have a different military meaning. Not having group, using "troop" didn't seem to fit either, etc.
Peter Hans van den Muijzenberg, 22 August 2014

FLAGS AND BANNERS

[Drawing of a sun cross]

The sun cross [solkorset] is a golden wheel on a red field. The separate parts are in the following ratios to each other:
When the diameter is 20, then the width of the spokes at the centre 3 : 20. The width of the spokes at the outer ring 4 : 20. The width of the ring: 1 : 20. The widening of the spokes starts at a distance from the inside of the ring of 2 : 20. For all flags, the sun cross' internal ratio's are the same. Therefore, from now on just the diameter will be given.

[Drawing of a sun cross with two upright swords under the spokes]

The sun cross with swords. The sun cross: Usual ratios. Swords: Length: 14 : 20. Width: 0.75 : 20. Distance from the centre: 4 : 20. Handle: length 4 : 20. Width: 0.75 : 20. Distance from the covering sun wheel's midline through the centre 4 : 20. The widening of the sword is a square, the diagonal of which is 1.5 : 20. The handle should have a small widening at its ends.

[Drawing of an unspecified sub-level flag]

Banners and flags of the main organisation

The political organisation has the following banners and flags:

a) The county banner.[fylke] Every county has its own banner, with its own special symbol. The size of the banner is: Length: 80 cm, width 80 cm.

b) The county flag: The flag has a golden cross on a red field. Length of the flag 225 cm. The yellow cross is 2 units wide, and the red quarters at the hoist are 5 units long and 4 units wide, and the other quarters are 9 units long and 4 units wide.

c) The district flag:[krets] The flag has the same design and ratios as the county flag, but is smaller: Length 200 cm.

d) The section flag:[lag] The flag has the same design and ratios as the county flag, but is smaller -- 175 cm.

[Drawings of pennants models 1 and 2]

Car flags and pennants:

1. The county pennant is a reduced version of the county banner, in a celluloid frame and with such an arrangement that it can be fastened to the front of a car or a bicycle. It has the same ratios as the banner.
-- Size 25 cm. The county pennant is used by the county leader.

2.a) The common NS pennant, model 1, is the sun cross in gold on red cloth. It has the same ratio as the battalion flag for the Militia.

b) The common NS pennant, model 2, is the sun cross in gold on red cloth. It's triangular. Length 30 cm. Width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 3 : 9. The distance from the hoist edge to the sun cross 1 : 9. It can be used by everyone in the NS-organisation.

[Drawing of Militia staff banner]

National Militia [Rikshirden]

a) The staff banner. The militia staff have a staff banner, which is the sun cross in gold and red with swords on black bunting. In upper left corners two crosswise golden command rods. Length 80 cm, width 80 cm. Diameter of the sun cross 3 : 5 of the length of the banner. Length of the command rods 1 : 5. Point of intersection on the diagonal, halfway between centre and upper corner closest to the hoist.
[Drawings of models for Militia battalion flag and company flag, and of the Militia section flag]

b) The Raven Banner (regiment banner [fylking]). The regiment has a Raven Banner, which is a black raven on a gold field. Length 80 cm. The size of the Raven between the wing tips 50 cm. In upper corner the regiment's name is written in gold letters.

c) The battalion flag.[sveit] The battalion has a battalion flag, which is the sun cross in gold and red with swords on black cloth. Length 150 cm, width 6 : 9.Diameter of the sun cross 4 : 9. The distance from centre of the sun cross to the hoist edge 4 : 9. In upper corner the battalion's name is written in gold letters.

d) The company flag [tropp] is the sun cross in gold and red on black cloth with split. Length 120 cm, width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 4 : 9. Depth of the split 1 : 9. The distance from centre of the sun cross to the hoist edge 4 : 9. In upper left corner the company's no. and the name of the battalion it belongs to are written in gold letters and Arabic numerals.

e) The section flag is the sun cross in gold and red on black cloth. It's triangular. Length 120 cm, width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 3: 9. The distance from the hoist edge to the sun cross 1 : 9.

f) Pennants (Car flags and pennants):

1. The staff pennant is a reduced version of the Staff Banner in a celluloid frame, with such an arrangement that it can be fastened to a car. Length 25 cm. All dimensions have the same ratios as for the Staff Banner.

2. The regiment pennant is a reduced version of the Raven Banner in a celluloid frame, with such an arrangement that it can be fastened to a car. Length 25 cm. All dimensions have the same ratios as for the regiment banner. The regiment pennant is used by the regiment leader.

3. The battalion pennant is a reduced version of the battalion flag in a celluloid frame, with such an arrangement that it can be fastened to a car or a bicycle. All dimensions have the same ratios as for the battalion flag. Length 30 cm. The battalion pennant is used by the battalion leader.

4. The company pennant is a reduced version of the company flag in a celluloid frame, with such an arrangement that it can be fastened to the front of a car or a bicycle. All dimensions have the same ratios as for the company flag. Length 30 cm. The company pennant is used by the company leader.

5. The section pennant is a reduced version of the section flag in a celluloid frame, with such an arrangement that it can be fastened to the front of a car or a bicycle. Length 30 cm. All ratios as for the section flag. The section pennant can be used by everyone in the National Militia.

Women's Militia [Kvinnehirden]

1. The battalion flag has the sun cross on yellow-white bunting. Otherwise it has the same dimensions as the battalion flag of the National Militia. The battalion's name is written in gold letters in upper corner closest to the hoist.

2. The company flag has the sun cross on yellow-white cloth. The flag has a split. It has the same dimensions as the company flag of the National Militia. In upper corner closest to the hoist, the company's no. and the name of the battalion it belongs to are written in gold letters and Arabic numerals.

3. The section flag has the sun cross on yellow-white cloth. Otherwise it has the same dimensions as the section flag of the National Militia.

Pennants

1. The battalion pennant is a reduced version of the battalion flag, in a celluloid frame. It has the same dimensions as the battalion pennant of the National Militia. It is used by the battalion leader.

2. The company pennant is a reduced version of the company flag, in a celluloid frame. It has the same dimensions as the company pennant of the National Militia. It is used by the company leader.

3. The section pennant is a reduced version of the section flag, in a celluloid frame. It has the same dimensions as the section pennant of the National Militia. It can be used by everyone in the Women's Militia.

NS Women's Organisation's flags [NSK - NS Kvineorganisasjon]

1. National organisation's flag:[landsorganisasjon] The flag has golden cross on a red field. Length of the flag 225 cm. The yellow cross is 2 units wide, and the red quarters at the hoist are 5 units long and 4 units wide, and the other quarters are 9 units long and 4 units wide.

2. The county flag has a sun cross in red and gold on sky blue field. Length 150 cm, width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 4 : 9. The distance from centre of the sun cross to the hoist edge 4 : 9. Name of the county is in upper corner closest to the hoist.

3. The district flag in red and gold on sky blue field, with split. Length 120 cm, width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 4 : 9. Depth of the split 1 : 9. The distance from centre of the sun cross to the hoist edge 4 : 9.

4. The section flag: The sun cross in red and gold on sky blue field. It's triangular. Length 120 cm, width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 3 : 9. The distance from the hoist edge to the sun cross 1 : 9.

Pennants

1. The county pennant is a reduced version of the county flag -- in a celluloid frame, and with such an arrangement that it can be fastened a car or a bicycle. All dimensions have the same ratios as for the county flag. Length 30 cm. The county pennant is used by the county leader and members of the NSK's council.

2. The common NSK-pennant is the sun cross in gold and red on sky blue cloth. It is triangular. Length 30 cm. Width 6 : 9. Diameter of the sun cross 3 : 9. Distance from the hoist edge to the sun cross 1 : 9. It can be used by everyone in NS Women's Organisation.


NS Youth Regiment banner and flags. [NSUF - NS Ungdomsfylking]

Young Militia. [Unghirden]

1. The Raven Banner is a black raven on a green field. It has the same dimensions as the raven banner of the National Militia. In upper corner closest to the hoist the regiment's name is written in silver letters.

2. The battalion flag is the sun cross with swords in gold and red on green bunting. It has the same dimensions as the battalion flag of the National Militia. In upper corner closest to the hoist the battalion's no. and the name of the regiment it belongs to are written in silver letters and Arabic numerals.

3. The company flag is the sun cross in gold and red with swords on green cloth. It has the same dimensions as the company flag of the National Militia. In upper corner closest to the hoist the number and the name of the battalion and regiment it belongs to are written in silver letters.

4. The section flag is the sun cross in gold and red with swords. It's triangular. It has the same dimensions as the section flag of the National Militia.

Pennants:

1. The regiment pennant is a reduced version of the regiment banner. It has the same dimensions as the corresponding pennant in the National Militia. It is used by the regiment leader.

2. The common NSUF-pennant has the sun cross in gold and red on green field. It is triangular. Length 30 cm. It has the same dimensions as the section pennant in the National Militia. It can be used by  everyone in NSUF.

Boy Militia's banner and flags: [Guttehirden]

The Boy Militia has the same flags, banners and pennants as the Young Militia, but with the letters GH where the Young Militia has UH.

Girl Militia and Small Militia banner and flags: [Gjentehirden, Småhirden (a░)]

The Girl Militia and Small Militia have the same banners and flags as  the Boy Militia, with the difference that no swords are in the sun cross, and that the Girl Militia has the letters JH and the Small Militia SH where the Young Militia has UH.