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Central Lithuania (Vilnius Republic)

Last modified: 2014-04-11 by zoltán horváth
Keywords: lithuania | vilnius | central lituania | vilnius republic | eagle | vytis |
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I read several articles about the flag of Central Lithuania or Vilnius Republic. According Vexilla Nostra 164 two flags were in use: The one is red with the Polish eagle and the Lithuanian horseman. The other is the same but the eagle and the horseman within shield. I draw the shield according the stylized style of the old Kingdom of Polonia which, as I read, was the model for the arms. However, the border of the shield is not exactly as show in Vexilla Nostra.
Jaume Olle', 2 June 1997

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I have a photocopy of the text written by Wim Schuurman. It says the state flag adopted 12 October 1920 was red with an (uncrowned) eagle and the Pogón . The version with the arms is a variant. Note that on these arms the eagle is crowned (correct on image) and the border is white (not correct on image). Central Lithuania (or "Srodkowa Litwa") was merged into Poland on 28 march 1922 and became part of Lithuania again on 10 October 1939. The article is about Lithuania itself and shows also the state flag used in between the two World Wars. It was red with on the obverse side a white Vytis and on the reverse side in white the towers of the Gedimino Palace. The presidential flag was the same but square.
Mark Sensen, 3 June 1997

I found now another information from Karl Farchinger archives: In 1927 the German consul in Vilnius say that the flag of Central Lithuania is the same of the Poland except that a coat of arms was added near the hoist of the white stripe. The coat is quartered (1-4 Poland; 2-3 Lithuania) with an inescutcheon of the arms of Vilnius showing St. Christopher. I think that the two flag were in fact used, and the red flag was the official one.
Jaume Olle', 22 September 1997


Coat of Arms

image by Chris Kretowicz, 2 June 2001

First Coat of Arms of Central Lithuania. I don't the know exact date, but there was also a second Coat of Arms shortly before the vote asking Poland for annexation (1920?).
Chris Kretowicz, 2 June 2001